Cell lines geneticially engineered to undergo conditional asymmetric self-renewal were used to identify genes whose expression is asymmetric self-renewal associated (ASRA). Non-random sister chromatid segregation occurs concordantly with asymmetric self-renewal in these cell lines.
A resource for discovering specific and universal biomarkers for distributed stem cells.
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Transcriptome analysis to compare parathyroid adenomas and normal parathyroid glands with the aim of identifying differentially expressed genes
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Chronic inflammation during placental malaria (PM) caused by Plasmodium falciparum is most frequent in first-time mothers and is associated with poor maternal and fetal outcomes. In the first genome wide analysis of the local human response to sequestered malaria parasites, we identified genes associated with chronic PM, then localized the corresponding proteins and immune cell subsets in placental cryosections.
Genome-wide expression analysis of placental malaria reveals features of lymphoid neogenesis during chronic infection.
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A QTL intercross was performed bewteen C57BL/6J and KK/HIL for albuminurea, asthma and cardiovascular related phenotypes. Several QTL were identified for most phenotypes. We performed microarray analysis from liver samples to identify genes differentially expressed between the parental strains. The results helped us narrow down the QTL and identify the candidate genes based on differential expression between the parental strains.
A major X-linked locus affects kidney function in mice.
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mRNA destabilization is the dominant effect of mammalian microRNAs by the time substantial repression ensues.
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Molecular mechanisms underlying sarcopenia, the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, remain unclear. To identify molecular changes that correlated best with sarcopenia and might contribute to its pathogenesis, we determined global gene expression profiles in muscles of rats aged 6, 12, 18, 21, 24, and 27 months. These rats exhibit sarcopenia beginning at 21 months. Correlation of the gene expression versus muscle mass or age changes, and functional annotation analysis identified gene signatures of sarcopenia distinct from gene signatures of aging. Specifically, mitochondrial energy metabolism (e.g., tricarboxylic acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation) pathway genes were the most downregulated and most significantly correlated with sarcopenia. Also, perturbed were genes/pathways associated with neuromuscular junction patency (providing molecular evidence of sarcopenia-related functional denervation and neuromuscular junction remodeling), protein degradation, and inflammation. Proteomic analysis of samples at 6, 18, and 27 months confirmed the depletion of mitochondrial energy metabolism proteins and neuromuscular junction proteins. Together, these findings suggest that therapeutic approaches that simultaneously stimulate mitochondrogenesis and reduce muscle proteolysis and inflammation have potential for treating sarcopenia.
Genomic and proteomic profiling reveals reduced mitochondrial function and disruption of the neuromuscular junction driving rat sarcopenia.
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The oncogenic transcription factor TAL1/SCL is aberrantly overexpressed in over 40% of cases of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), emphasizing the importance of the TAL1-regulated transcriptional program in the molecular pathogenesis of T-ALL. Here we identify the core transcriptional regulatory circuit controlled by TAL1 and its regulatory partners HEB, E2A, GATA3, ETS1 and RUNX1 in T-ALL cells. We find that TAL1 forms an interconnected auto-regulatory loop with its partners, which contributes to the sustained upregulation of its direct target genes. Importantly, we also find the MYB oncogenic transcription factor is directly activated by the TAL1 complex and positively regulates many of the same target genes, thus forming a feed-forward positive regulatory loop that further promotes the TAL1-regulated oncogenic program.
Core transcriptional regulatory circuit controlled by the TAL1 complex in human T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
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