Genomewide analysis of gene expression associated with Tcof1 in mouse neuroblastoma. NB N1E-115 cells with wildtype, overexpression, knockdown of Tcof1.
Genomewide analysis of gene expression associated with Tcof1 in mouse neuroblastoma.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
We study differences in gene expression between Populus P35S::BL (BL-oe) lines and control, affecting plant growth and differentiation, and dormancy. We used microarrays to detail the global program of gene expression underlying morphological and developmental changes droved by overexpression of BL gene.
BIG LEAF is a regulator of organ size and adventitious root formation in poplar.
Specimen partView Samples
The tetracycline antibiotics are widely used in biomedical research as mediators of inducible gene expression systems. Despite many known effects of tetracyclines on mammalian cells -- including inhibition of the mitochondrial ribosome -- there have been few reports on potential off-target effects at concentrations commonly used in inducible systems. Here, we report that in human cell lines, commonly used concentrations of doxycycline change gene expression patterns and concomitantly shift metabolism towards a more glycolytic phenotype, evidenced by increased lactate secretion and reduced oxygen consumption. We also show that these concentrations are sufficient to slow proliferation and alter cell cycle progression in vitro. These findings suggest that researchers using doxycycline in inducible expression systems should design appropriate controls to account for potential confounding effects of the drug on cellular metabolism.
Doxycycline alters metabolism and proliferation of human cell lines.
Specimen part, Cell line, TreatmentView Samples
In order to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying individual variation in sensitivity to ethanol we profiled the prefrontal cortex transcriptomes of two inbred strains that exhibit divergent responses to acute ethanol, the C57BL6/J (B6) and DBA/2J (D2) strains, as well as 27 members of the BXD recombinant inbred panel, which was derived from a B6 x D2 cross. With this dataset we were able to identify several gene co-expression networks that were robustly altered by acute ethanol across the BXD panel. These ethanol-responsive gene-enriched networks were heavily populated by genes regulating synaptic transmission and neuroplasticity, and showed strong genetic linkage to discreet chromosomal loci. Network-based measurements of node importance identified several hub genes as established regulators of ethanol response phenotypes, while other hubs represent novel candidate modulators of ethanol responses.
Genetic dissection of acute ethanol responsive gene networks in prefrontal cortex: functional and mechanistic implications.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
Each cell type responds uniquely to stress and fractionally contributes to global and tissue-specific stress responses. Hepatocytes, liver macrophages (M), and sinusoidal endothelial cells (SEC) play functionally important and interdependent roles in adaptive processes such as wound healing, obesity, and tumor growth. Although these cell types demonstrate significant phenotypic and functional heterogeneity, their distinctions enabling disease-specific responses remain understudied. To address this, we developed a strategy for simultaneous isolation and quantification of these liver cell types based on antigenic cell surface marker expression in response to DEN and found that while there was only a marginal increase in hepatocyte number, M and SEC populations were quantitatively increased. Global gene expression profiling of hepatocytes, M and SEC identified characteristic gene fingerprints that define each cell type and their distinct physiological or oncogenic stress signatures. Integration of these cell-specific gene fingerprints with available hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patient microarray data demonstrates that the hepatocyte-specific response strongly correlates with the human HCC gene expression profile. Liver-specific M and SEC gene signatures demonstrate significant alterations in inflammatory and angiogenic gene regulatory pathways, which may impact the hepatocyte response to oncogenic stress. Further validation confirms alterations in components of two key pathways, AP-1 and p53, that have been previously associated with HCC onset and progression. Our data reveal unique gene expression patterns that serve as molecular fingerprints for the cell-centric responses to pathologic stimuli in the distinct microenvironment of the liver. The technical advance highlighted in this study provides an essential resource for assessing hepatic cell-specific contributions to oncogenic stress, information that could unveil previously unappreciated molecular mechanisms for the cellular crosstalk that underlies the development of hepatic cancer.
Deciphering hepatocellular responses to metabolic and oncogenic stress.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
Thirty to 60% of CD56dimCD16bright NK cells in healthy adults express CD57, which is not expressed on immature CD56bright NK cells or fetal and newborn NK cells. We hypothesized that CD57+ NK cells within the CD56dim mature NK cell subset are highly mature and might be terminally differentiated.
CD57 defines a functionally distinct population of mature NK cells in the human CD56dimCD16+ NK-cell subset.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Data for replicate Drn1-TAP and Dbr1-TAP CLIP-seq experiments to identify RNA-protein interactions Overall design: Drn1-TAP and Dbr1-TAP CLIP-seq
A homolog of lariat-debranching enzyme modulates turnover of branched RNA.
Disease, SubjectView Samples
A major component of the cardiac stress response is the simultaneous activation of several gene regulatory networks. Interestingly, the transcriptional regulator steroid receptor coactivator-2, SRC-2 is often decreased during cardiac failure in humans. We postulated that SRC-2 suppression plays a mechanistic role in the stress response and that SRC-2 activity is an important regulator of the adult heart gene expression profile. Genome-wide microarray analysis, confirmed with targeted gene expression analyses revealed that genetic ablation of SRC-2 activates the fetal gene program in adult mice as manifested by shifts in expression of a) metabolic and b) sarcomeric genes, as well as associated modulating transcription factors. While these gene expression changes were not accompanied by changes in left ventricular weight or cardiac function, imposition of transverse aortic constriction (TAC) predisposed SRC-2 knockout (KO) mice to stress-induced cardiac dysfunction. In addition, SRC-2 KO mice lacked the normal ventricular hypertrophic response as indicated through heart weight, left ventricular wall thickness, and blunted molecular signaling known to activate hypertrophy. Our results indicate that SRC-2 is involved in maintenance of the steady-state adult heart transcriptional profile, with its ablation inducing transcriptional changes that mimic a stressed heart. These results further suggest that SRC-2 deletion interferes with the timing and integration needed to respond efficiently to stress through disruption of metabolic and sarcomeric gene expression and hypertrophic signaling, the three key stress responsive pathways.
SRC-2 coactivator deficiency decreases functional reserve in response to pressure overload of mouse heart.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
Approximately 20% of early-stage breast cancers display amplification or overexpression of the ErbB2/HER2 oncogene, conferring poor prognosis and resistance to endocrine therapy. Targeting HER2+ tumors with trastuzumab or the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor lapatinib significantly improves survival, yet tumor resistance and progression of metastatic disease can develop over time. While the mechanisms of cytosolic HER2 signaling are well studied, nuclear signaling components and gene regulatory networks that bestow therapeutic resistance and limitless proliferative potential are incompletely understood. Here, we use biochemical and bioinformatics approaches to identify effectors and targets of HER2 transcriptional signaling in human breast cancer. Phosphorylation and activity of the Steroid Receptor Coactivator-3 (SRC-3) is reduced upon HER2 inhibition, and recruitment of SRC-3 to regulatory elements of endogenous genes is altered. Transcripts regulated by HER2 signaling are highly enriched with E2F1 binding sites and define a gene signature associated with proliferative breast tumor subtypes, cell cycle progression, and G1 to S phase transition. We show that HER2 signaling drives proliferation in breast cancer cells through regulation of E2F1-driven DNA metabolism and replication genes together with phosphorylation and activity of the transcriptional coactivator SRC-3. Furthermore, our analyses identified a cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) signaling node that, when targeted using the CDK4/6 inhibitor Palbociclib, defines cooperative signaling pathways for expression of tumorigenic gene networks. Our findings suggest this proliferative gene signature is amendable to pharmacological targeting. These results have implications for rational discovery of pharmacological combinations in pre-clinical models of adjuvant treatment and therapeutic resistance
HER2 Signaling Drives DNA Anabolism and Proliferation through SRC-3 Phosphorylation and E2F1-Regulated Genes.
Cell lineView Samples
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are the primary cell type responsible for liver fibrosis, the final common pathway leading to cirrhosis and liver failure for nearly every cause of chronic liver disease. Activation of HSCs in response to injury represents the key step in hepatic fibrogenesis, and is characterized by a phenotypic change from a non-fibrogenic, quiescent HSC to a fibrogenic HSC myofibroblast that secretes extracellular matrix proteins responsible for the fibrotic scar. We developed a small molecule screen to identify compounds that revert fibrotic human HSC myofibroblasts to an inactive phenotype through the quantification of lipid droplets with fluorescent microscopy. Conditions were optimized in a 384-well format using culture in Matrigel as a positive control. We screened 1600 compounds and identified 30 small molecules that induce reversion to an inactive phenotype. Among the hits, we identified five tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and showed that this class of drugs also repressed ACTA2 and COL1A1 while promoting PPAR-gamma expression. RNA sequencing analysis implicated extracellular matrix proteins and the sphingolipid pathway as a target of the TCAs. Overall design: HSCs and HSCs stimulated with TGF-beta were treated with the TCA, nortriptyline or ethanol vehicle for 48 hours. RNA-seq was performed in duplicate for each condition
Tricyclic Antidepressants Promote Ceramide Accumulation to Regulate Collagen Production in Human Hepatic Stellate Cells.
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