To investigate the oxidant sensitivity of E/ER regulated gene expression, E/ER regulated genes are identified using E deprivation or
Genes responsive to both oxidant stress and loss of estrogen receptor function identify a poor prognosis group of estrogen receptor positive primary breast cancers.
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Biological comparison of gene expression profiles of adult male whole Muta™Mouse lung with its immortalized 100% confluent epithelial lung cell line counterpart. White, P.A.,et al. 2003. Development and characterization of an epithelial cell line from Muta™Mouse lung. Environ Mol Mutagen 42,3 pgs 166-184
Comprehensive comparison of six microarray technologies.
Sex, Specimen part, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
We explored mechanisms of carcinogenicity of acrylamide in the rat thyroid. We compared the transcriptome profiles of target(thyroid) vs non-target(liver) tissues.
Transcriptional profiling of male F344 rats suggests the involvement of calcium signaling in the mode of action of acrylamide-induced thyroid cancer.
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Although the effects of thyroid hormones (TH) on the brain development have been extensively studied perinatally, effects of TH of maternal origin on the fetal brain development have been largely unexplored. We applied a high throughput study on the mouse models with aberrant TH levels on gestation day (GD) 16, before the onset of fetal thyroid function. Although 3 day treatment with methimazole (MMI) and perchlorate significantly decreased TH levels in fetal cerebral cortex, few changes in the abundance of mRNA were revealed by the microarray analysis. Injection TH to dams 12 hours before sacrifice on GD 16 induced 161 genes significantly changed in fetal cortex. Nine out of 10 selected genes were confirmed with RT-PCR, including known TH responsive gene Klf9 and other novel TH responsive genes such as Appbp2, Ppap2b and Fgfr1op2. TH regulation of the expression of these genes was also confirmed with cultured N2a cells. Thyroid responsive elements (TREs) in the promoters of these genes were identified using electrophoresis mobility shift assay. TH effect on microRNA (miRNA) expression in developing cortex on GD 16 and postnatal day (PND) 15 was investigated with microarray and RT-PCR. Some of miRNAs and precursors decreased in fetal cortex from the dams injected with TH on GD 16, including miR-16 and miR-106. Using 3 untranslate region reporter vector, we identified Klf9 is one of the target genes of miR-106, while Ppap2b is the target of miR-16. These results indicated that TH regulation on gene expression could through TR-TRE interaction and through regulating target miRNA expression. This study is the first report to identify TH responsive genes and miRNAs genome wide in the early fetal brain; it provides evidence to further understand the mechanism of TH effect on brain development.
Transient Maternal Hypothyroxinemia Potentiates the Transcriptional Response to Exogenous Thyroid Hormone in the Fetal Cerebral Cortex Before the Onset of Fetal Thyroid Function: A Messenger and MicroRNA Profiling Study.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
Although anemia is common in Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS), the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We asked whether SBDS, which is mutated in most SDS patients, is critical for erythroid development. We found that SBDS expression is high early during erythroid differentiation. Inhibition of SBDS in CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells and early progenitors (HSC/Ps) and K562 cells led to slow cell expansion during erythroid differentiation. Induction of erythroid differentiation resulted in markedly accelerated apoptosis in the knockdown cells; however, proliferation was only mildly reduced. The percentage of cells entering differentiation was not reduced.
The ribosome-related protein, SBDS, is critical for normal erythropoiesis.
Specimen part, Disease, Disease stageView Samples
Mice deficient in the glucocorticoid-regenerating enzyme 11-HSD1 resist age-related spatial memory impairment. To investigate the mechanisms/pathways involved, we used microarrays to identify differentially expressed hippocampal genes that associate with cognitive ageing and 11-HSD1. Aged wild-type mice were separated into memory-impaired and unimpaired relative to young controls according to their performance in the Y-maze. All individual aged 11-HSD1-deficient mice showed intact spatial memory. The majority of differentially expressed hippocampal genes were increased with ageing (e.g. immune/inflammatory response genes) with no genotype differences. However, the neuronal-specific transcription factor, Npas4 and immediate early gene, Arc were reduced (relative to young) in the hippocampus of memory-impaired but not unimpaired aged wild-type or aged 11-HSD1-deficient mice. Quantitative RT-PCR and in situ hybridization confirmed reduced Npas4 and Arc mRNA expression in memory-impaired aged wild-type mice. These findings suggest that 11-HSD1 may contribute to the decline in Npas4 and Arc mRNA levels associated with memory impairment during ageing, and that decreased activity of synaptic plasticity pathways involving Npas4 and Arc may, in part, underlie the memory deficits seen in cognitively-impaired aged wild-type mice.
Decreased Npas4 and Arc mRNA Levels in the Hippocampus of Aged Memory-Impaired Wild-Type But Not Memory Preserved 11β-HSD1 Deficient Mice.
Objective - The TRIB1 locus has been linked to hepatic triglyceride metabolism in mice and to plasma triglycerides and coronary artery disease (CAD) in humans. The lipid associated SNPs identified by genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are located ~ 30 kb downstream from TRIB1 suggesting complex regulatory effects on genes or pathways relevant to hepatic triglyceride metabolism. The goal of this study was to investigate the functional relationship between common SNPs at the TRIB1 locus and plasma lipid traits.
Functional analysis of the TRIB1 associated locus linked to plasma triglycerides and coronary artery disease.
Cell lineView Samples
Furan is a mouse and rat hepatocarcinogen. We sought to determine if furan-induced gene expression changes could be detected in paired fresh-frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) samples using RNA-seq (polyA-enrichment protocol). All samples in this study (fresh-frozen, 18 hours in formalin, 3 weeks in formalin) were also examined using one- and two-colour microarrays and RNA-seq (ribo-depletion protocol) in order to determine the effect of the technology on gene expression profiles. Overall design: In this study we examined the transcriptional response in liver tissue of female B6C3F1 mice exposed to furan for 3 weeks to 8 mg/kg bw furan (or vehicle control) and sacrificed four hours after the final exposure. Each dose group had 4 biological replicates. There were a total of 24 samples included in the final analysis of the polyA enrichment RNA-seq experiment.
Mining the Archives: A Cross-Platform Analysis of Gene Expression Profiles in Archival Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Tissues.
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The immunotoxicity of Dibenzo[def,p]chrysene (DBC) was investigated following acute exposure of adult Mutaâ„¢Mouse males by oral gavage. Mice were exposed to 0, 2, 6.3 and 20.0 mg DBC /kg-bw per day, for three days. Global gene expression changes were measured in bone marrow 24 hours after the last exposure.
Transcriptional Profiling of Dibenzo[def,p]chrysene-induced Spleen Atrophy Provides Mechanistic Insights into its Immunotoxicity in MutaMouse.
Sex, Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples