T lymphocytes are essential contributors to the adaptive immune system and consist of multiple lineages that serve various effector and regulatory roles. As such, precise control of gene expression is essential to the proper development and function of these cells. Previously, we identified Snai2 and Snai3 as being essential regulators of immune tolerance partly due to the impaired function of CD4+ regulatory T cells in Snai2/3 conditional double knockout mice. Here we extend those previous findings using a bone marrow transplantation model to provide an environmentally unbiased view of the molecular changes imparted onto various T lymphocyte populations once Snai2 and Snai3 are deleted. The data presented here demonstrate that Snai2 and Snai3 transcriptionally regulate the cellular fitness and functionality of not only CD4+ regulatory T cells but effector CD8a+ and CD4+ conventional T cells as well. This is achieved through the modulation of gene sets unique to each cell type and includes transcriptional targets relevant to the survival and function of each T cell lineage. As such, Snai2 and Snai3 are essential regulators of T cell immunobiology. Overall design: GFP- CD3e+ CD8a+ CD4-, GFP- CD3e+ CD8a- CD4+ CD25- and GFP- CD3e+ CD8a- CD4+ CD25+ T cells were isolated from spleens of UBC-GFP mice transplanted with WT or cDKO lineage-depleted donor bone marrow following lethal irradiation of recipient mice. RNA-seq was performed on 3-4 biological replicates from each genotype for all T cell populations analyzed.
Snai2 and Snai3 transcriptionally regulate cellular fitness and functionality of T cell lineages through distinct gene programs.
Specimen part, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
The purpose of this experiment was to identify genes responding differently to a 24 h low red to far red ratio (R:FR) treatment in plants grown at 16 and 22 degrees
Light-quality regulation of freezing tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Heat-Shock Factor 1 (HSF1), master regulator of the heat-shock response, facilitates malignant transformation, cancer cell survival and proliferation in model systems. The common assumption is that these effects are mediated through regulation of heat-shock protein (HSP) expression. However, the transcriptional network that HSF1 coordinates directly in malignancy and its relationship to the heat-shock response have never been defined. By comparing cells with high and low malignant potential alongside their non-transformed counterparts, we identify an HSF1-regulated transcriptional program specific to highly malignant cells and distinct from heat shock. Cancer-specific genes in this program support oncogenic processes: cell-cycle regulation, signaling, metabolism, adhesion and translation. HSP genes are integral to this program, however, even these genes are uniquely regulated in malignancy. This HSF1 cancer program is active in breast, colon and lung tumors isolated directly from human patients and is strongly associated with metastasis and death. Thus, HSF1 rewires the transcriptome in tumorigenesis, with prognostic and therapeutic implications.
HSF1 drives a transcriptional program distinct from heat shock to support highly malignant human cancers.
Cell line, TreatmentView Samples
Motivation: RNA-seq is replacing microarrays as the primary tool for gene expression studies. Many RNA-seq studies have used insufficient biological replicates, resulting in low statistical power and inefficient use of sequencing resources. Results: We show the explicit trade-off between more biological replicates and deeper sequencing in increasing power to detect differentially expressed (DE) genes. In the human cell line MCF-7, adding more sequencing depth after 10M reads gives diminishing returns on power to detect DE genes, while adding biological replicates improves power significantly regardless of sequencing depth. We also propose a cost-effectiveness metric for guiding the design of large scale RNA-seq DE studies. Our analysis showed that sequencing less reads and perform more biological replication is an effective strategy to increase power and accuracy in large scale differential expression RNA-seq studies, and provided new insights into efficient experiment design of RNA-seq studies Overall design: Treatment (10nM E2 treatment for 24h) and control MCF7 cells are both replicated 7 times, and collected for mRNA-seq. Reads are then subsampled for statistical analysis.
RNA-seq differential expression studies: more sequence or more replication?
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
In the present study, we hypothesized that C/EBPa (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha) plays a role in cell regeneration in response to bronchiolar epithelial cell injury. C/EBPa mediated ciliated cell regeneration after naphthalene bronchiolar epithelial cell injury in vivo. Furthermore, we demonstrated that C/EBPa regulates protease/anti-protease balance after lung injury, and intratracheal treatment with anti-protease (BPTI) restored ciliated cell regeneration after naphthalene injury in CebpaD/D mice.
CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-α regulates the protease/antiprotease balance required for bronchiolar epithelium regeneration.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
Ewg differentially regulated genes in 16-18 h Drosophila embryos. The experiment contains expression measurements from wild type, ewg l1 protein null allele and ewg l1 elavEWG (elavEWG rescue construct expressing a ewg cDNA from the elav promoter) mutants.
Erect wing regulates synaptic growth in Drosophila by integration of multiple signaling pathways.
Growth plate chondrocytes were isolated from the distal metacarpus of young dairy cattle (all under 10 mo of age), the chondrocytes were released from the extracellular matrix by digestion with Collagenase P for 4 hours, and the various zones of the growth plate were separated by density centrifugation. The least-dense Hypertrophic Zone (HZ) cells were compared to the most-dense Reserve Zone (RZ) cells. 6 pairs of HZ vs RZ were compared by microarray.
SCF, BDNF, and Gas6 are regulators of growth plate chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
The expression of a very large number of genes changes as male germ cells pass through differentiation into spermatids and then sperm. Much of this transcriptional programme requires the activity of the meiotic arrest genes.
The RNA export factor, Nxt1, is required for tissue specific transcriptional regulation.
Specimen partView Samples
This experiment was a time course performed over 24 hours to look at the effects on gene expression of exposure to low red:far-red ratio light in Arabidopsis thaliana plants. In this way genes involved in the shade avoidance response might be identified. This experiment was designed for gene identification only and containes no replicates,genes identified were verified by quantitative PCR for publication.
Gating of the rapid shade-avoidance response by the circadian clock in plants.
Specimen part, Disease, Disease stage, SubjectView Samples