MYB plays a critical role as a regulator of erythropoieisis. We have shown that MYB silences epsilon and gamma-globin expression in erythroid progenitors. We here examine erythroid cells at the basophilic erythroblast stage of differentiation with MYB shRNA or control lentiviral transduction prior to differentiation.
MicroRNA-15a and -16-1 act via MYB to elevate fetal hemoglobin expression in human trisomy 13.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
Physical performance relies on the concerted action of myriad responses, many of which are under circadian clock control. Little is known, however, regarding the time-dependent effect on exercise performance at the molecular level. We found that both mice and humans exhibit day-time variance in exercise capacity between the early and late part of their active phase. The day-time variance in mice was dependent on exercise intensity and relied on the circadian clock proteins PER1/2. High throughput gene expression and metabolic profiling of skeletal muscle revealed metabolic pathways that are differently activated upon exercise in a day-time dependent manner. Remarkably, we discovered that ZMP, an endogenous AMPK activator, is induced by exercise in a time-dependent manner to regulate key steps in glycolytic and fatty acid oxidation pathways and potentially enhance exercise capacity. Overall, we propose that time of the day is a major modifier of exercise capacity and associated metabolic pathways. Overall design: basal, high intensity and moderate intensity runnig protocol at ZT14 and ZT22 in gastrocnemius muscle in C57B6 mice
Physiological and Molecular Dissection of Daily Variance in Exercise Capacity.
Sex, Cell line, Subject, TimeView Samples
Recent data from our group, demonstrate that infusion of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG35-55) peptide, leads to induction of MOG35-55-specific Tregs and subsequent suppression of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE), the mouse model of multiple sclerosis. Amelioration of EAE was accompanied by reduced MOG-specific Th1 and Th17 responses in the draining lymph nodes (dLNs). Phenotypic analysis of the dLNs of MOG-infused mice revealed a significant Treg-mediated reduction in the recruitment of 7AAD-CD3-CD19-CD11c+CD11bhighGr-1+ iDCs compared to non-infused control immunized mice. Focusing on the delineation of novel molecules/genes that are involved in the MOG-specific Treg-mediated suppression of autoimmune responses, we have isolated highly purified iDCs from MOG infused and non-infused control immunized mice.
De novo-induced self-antigen-specific Foxp3+ regulatory T cells impair the accumulation of inflammatory dendritic cells in draining lymph nodes.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
Growth in dense stands induces shade avoidance responses. Early responses to neighbors seem to be assoctaed with touch, not light signalling.
Plant neighbor detection through touching leaf tips precedes phytochrome signals.
Specimen partView Samples
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an important growth factor for estrogen receptor-alpha (ER) positive breast cancer, and elevated serum IL-6 is associated with poor prognosis. We firstly demonstrated that pSTAT3 is the primary downstream IL-6 signaling pathway in ER-positive breast cancer, using ten different breast cancer cell lines. Three-dimensional cultures of these cell lines were also used to develop a 17-gene IL-6 specific gene signature that could be used to identify IL-6 driven disease. This signature included a variety of genes involved in immune cell function and migration, cell growth and apoptosis, and the tumor microenvironment. To further validate this IL-6 signature, we obtained 36 human ER-positive breast cancer tumor samples with matched serum for gene expression profiling and determination of an IL-6 pathway activation score (PAS). Patients with high IL-6 PAS were also enriched for elevated serum IL-6 (>=10 pg/ml). We then utilized a murine MCF-7 xenograft model to determine the role of IL-6 in ER-positive breast cancer and potential anti-IL-6 therapy in vivo. When IL-6 was administered in vivo, MCF-7 cells engrafted without the need for estrogen supplementation. Subsequently, we prophylactically treated mice at MCF-7 engraftment with an anti-IL-6 antibody (siltuximab), fulvestrant or combination therapy. Siltuximab alone was able to blunt MCF-7 engraftment. Similarly, when tumors were allowed to grow to 125 mm3 before treatment, siltuximab alone demonstrated tumor regressions in 90% (9/10) of tumors. Given the established role for IL-6 in ER+ breast cancer, this data demonstrates the potential for anti-IL-6 therapeutics.
Interleukin-6 is a potential therapeutic target in interleukin-6 dependent, estrogen receptor-α-positive breast cancer.
Specimen partView Samples
We measured transcriptional changes resulting from overexpression or downregulation of the GTPase Obg.
Obg and Membrane Depolarization Are Part of a Microbial Bet-Hedging Strategy that Leads to Antibiotic Tolerance.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Transcriptome of S. cerevisiae in shifts between glucose and maltose media with different re-growth conditions Overall design: Cells are pregrown in maltose, then grown for different durations in glucose and then washed back to maltose
A new protocol for single-cell RNA-seq reveals stochastic gene expression during lag phase in budding yeast.
Somatic ribosomal protein defects have recently been described in cancer, yet their impact on cellular transcription and translation remain poorly understood. Here we integrated mRNA sequencing, ribosome footprinting, polysomal RNA seq and quantitative mass spectrometry datasets obtained from an isogenic mouse lymphoid cell model in order to study the T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) associated R98S mutation in ribosomal protein L10 (RPL10 R98S). RPL10 R98S induced changes in protein levels were to a much larger extent caused by transcriptional then translational changes and RPL10 R98S cells showed a gene signature corresponding to deregulation of hematopoietic transcription factors. Phosphoserine phosphatase (PSPH), a key enzyme in serine biosynthesis, displayed elevated transcription and translation and was one of the proteins showing the strongest upregulation in RPL10 R98S cells. Increased Psph protein levels were confirmed in RPL10 R98S engineered JURKAT cells and in hematopoietic cell cultures derived from Rpl10 R98S knock-in mice. Moreover, elevated serine and glycine biosynthesis in RPL10 R98S cells was supported by metabolic flux analyses. Analysis of PSPH expression levels in T-ALL patient samples revealed that PSPH upregulation is a generalized phenomenon in this disease, associated with elevated circulating serine and glycine levels. Addition of serine and glycine enhanced survival of stromal and myeloid cells, suggesting supportive effects on the hematopoietic niche. Finally, reduction of PSPH expression levels in T-ALL cell lines suppressed their in vitro proliferation and their capacity to expand in T-ALL xenograft models. In conclusion, transcriptome, translatome and proteome analysis of the RPL10 R98S mutation identified RPL10 R98S driven induction of cellular serine biosynthesis. Whereas serine metabolism has been implicated in cancer via PHGDH amplification, this is the first report supporting dependence of ALL cells on the serine biosynthesis enzyme PSPH. Overall design: 3 biological replicates for each condition (RPL10 R98S, RPL10 WT)
Translatome analysis reveals altered serine and glycine metabolism in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Microarrays were used to analyze the gene expression in endoscopic-derived intestinal mucosal biopsies from patients with inflammatory bowel diseas (IBD) and controls
Genetic and Transcriptomic Bases of Intestinal Epithelial Barrier Dysfunction in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
Specimen part, DiseaseView Samples
Hypoxia is a low oxygen condition that occurs in the developing tumor mass and that is associated with poor prognosis and resistance to chemo- and radio-therapy. The definition of the hypoxia gene signature is fundamental for the understanding of tumor biology, as in the case of neuroblastoma, the most common pediatric solid tumor. The issue of identifying a significant group of variables in microarray gene expression experiments is particularly difficult due to the typical high dimensional nature of the data and great effort has been spent in the development of feature selection techniques.
A biology-driven approach identifies the hypoxia gene signature as a predictor of the outcome of neuroblastoma patients.
Cell lineView Samples