Human iPS cells derived from normal and Fragile-X fibroblasts in order to assess the capability of Fragile-X iPS cells to be used as a model for different aspects of Fragile-X syndrome. Microarry analysis used to compare global gene expression between human ES cells, the normal and the mutant iPS cells and the original fibroblasts, to demonstrate that the overall reprogramming process succeeded, and that the FX-iPS cells are fully reprogrammed cells.
Differential modeling of fragile X syndrome by human embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells.
Specimen part, Disease, Cell lineView Samples
Loss of Syk in normal breast cells in vivo and in vitro: gene expression and phenotypic switch to stem-cell like with induction of invadopodia
Tumor suppressor function of Syk in human MCF10A in vitro and normal mouse mammary epithelium in vivo.
Cell lineView Samples
The Drosophila insulator-binding proteins (IBPs) dCTCF/Beaf32 mark the physical borders of chromosomal domains involving co-factors that participate in long-range interactions. Chromosomal borders are further enriched in specific histone modifications yet the implication of histone modifiers and nucleosome dynamics remains largely unknown in such context. Here, we show that IBP depletion impairs nucleosome dynamics over genes flanked by their binding sites. Biochemical purification identifies a key histone methyltransferase of H3K36, NSD/dMes-4, as a novel co-factor of IBPs involved in chromatin accessibility, which specifically co-regulates hundreds of genes flanked by Beaf32/dCTCF. dMes-4 presets chromatin before the recruitment of transcriptional activators including DREF that triggers Set2/Hypb-mediated H3K36me3, RNA splicing and nucleosome positioning. Our results unveil a model for how IBPs regulate gene expression and nucleosome dynamics through NSD/dMes-4, which may contribute to regulate H3K27me3 spreading. Together, our data suggest a division of labor for how IBPs may dynamically regulate chromatin organization depending on distinct co-factors. Overall design: mRNA profiles of Beaf32-depleted or Wild-Type control Drosophila S2 cells by RNASeq (Illumina)
Insulators recruit histone methyltransferase dMes4 to regulate chromatin of flanking genes.
Cell line, SubjectView Samples
Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells derived from somatic cells of patients hold great promise for modelling human diseases. Dermal fibroblasts are frequently used for reprogramming, but require an invasive skin biopsy and a prolonged period of expansion in cell culture prior to use. Here, we report the derivation of iPS cells from multiple human blood sources including peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) harvested by routine venipuncture. Peripheral blood-derived human iPS lines are comparable to human embryonic stem (ES) cells with respect to morphology, expression of surface antigens, activation of endogenous pluripotency genes, DNA methylation and differentiation potential. Analysis of Immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor gene rearrangement revealed that some of the PBMC iPS cells were derived from T-cells, documenting derivation of iPS cells from terminally differentiated cell types. Importantly, peripheral blood cells can be isolated with minimal risk to the donor and can be obtained in sufficient numbers to enable reprogramming without the need for prolonged expansion in culture. Reprogramming from blood cells thus represents a fast, safe and efficient way of generating patient-specific iPS cells.
Reprogramming of T cells from human peripheral blood.
Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples
Circadian regulation of gene expression in central and peripheral tissue has been studied in mice. The biomedical implications of this findings led us to the development of a model in which to study the circadian mechanisms underlying primate physiology.
Twenty-four-hour rhythmic gene expression in the rhesus macaque adrenal gland.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
BACKGROUND: Climate change will lead in the future to an occurrence of heat waves with a higher frequency and duration than observed today, which has the potential to cause severe damage to seedlings of temperate maize genotypes. In this study, we aimed to (I) assess phenotypic variation for heat tolerance of temperate European Flint and Dent maize inbred lines, (II) investigate the transcriptomic response of temperate maize to linearly increasing heat levels and, (III) identify genes associated with heat tolerance in a set of genotypes with contrasting heat tolerance behaviour. RESULTS: Strong phenotypic differences with respect to heat tolerance were observed between the examined maize inbred lines on a multi-trait level. We identified 607 heat responsive genes as well as 39 heat tolerance genes. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that individual inbred lines developed different genetic mechanisms in response to heat stress. We applied a novel statistical approach enabling the integration of multiple genotypes and stress levels in the analysis of abiotic stress expression studies. Overall design: Identifcation of differentially expressed genes between 8 genotypes and 3 heat levels
Genome-wide expression profiling and phenotypic evaluation of European maize inbreds at seedling stage in response to heat stress.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
The in-vitro analysis of the hypomethylation of the imprinting control region 1 (ICR1) within the IGF2/H19 locus is challenged by the mosaic distribution of the epimutation in tissues from children with Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS).
Decreased expression of cell proliferation-related genes in clonally derived skin fibroblasts from children with Silver-Russell syndrome is independent of the degree of 11p15 ICR1 hypomethylation.
Specimen part, DiseaseView Samples
Assessment of the putative differential gene expression profiles in high osmolality-treated bovine nucleus pulposus intervertebral disc cells for a short (5 h) and a long (24 h) time period. Identification of novel genes up- or down-regulated as an early or a late response to hyperosmotic stress.
Deficiency in the α1 subunit of Na+/K+-ATPase enhances the anti-proliferative effect of high osmolality in nucleus pulposus intervertebral disc cells.
Specimen partView Samples
Infection with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis results in persistent changes to the lung environment. Cytokine profiling reveals a sustained increase in both Th1 and Th2 transcripts. Cellular populations of macrophages display an alternative phenotype, with upregulation of YM1, Arg1, Mrc1 as well as Class II MHC. These alternatively activated alveolar macrophages (AAAMs) also increase drastically in number. Subsequent challenge with house dust mite (HDM) Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus shows a reduced allergic phenotype, with decreased fold changes in effector cell cytokines of both the Th1 and Th2 variety indicative of the new regulatory environment established in the lung by helminth infection. Histological examination of the lung environment reveals a significant decrease in eosinophila and reduced mucous production by bronchial epithelial cells.
Hookworm-induced persistent changes to the immunological environment of the lung.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) is known to possess important regulatory functions in the immune response. To gain a better and first comprehensive insight into the mechanisms underlying the conversion of immature to mature DC in terms of the expression of UPS related genes, we undertook a comparative gene expression profiling during DC maturation in response to four different prototypic maturation stimuli.
Maturation of human dendritic cells is accompanied by functional remodelling of the ubiquitin-proteasome system.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples