Caspases are cysteine-proteases with key roles in the execution phase of apoptosis. Additional cellular activities, unrelated to cell death seem to be influenced by these enzymes. Identification of genes co-regulated with caspases could help to ascertain new biological roles for these proteases.To identify genes and pathways under the influence of caspase-2 we silenced its expression in U87MG glioblastoma cell line. Transcriptional expression profiles of cells transfected with caspase-2 siRNA or control siRNA were compared.
Transcriptomic analysis unveils correlations between regulative apoptotic caspases and genes of cholesterol homeostasis in human brain.
Cell line, TreatmentView Samples
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disorder of brain development believed, in most cases, to be of genetic origin. We use induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)-derived 3-dimensional neural cultures (organoids) in patients with ASD and macrocephaly to investigate neurodevelopmental alterations that cause this form of ASD. By using transcriptome analyses, we identified modules of co-expressed genes significantly upregulated in ASD patients compared to non-ASD first-degree family members. Overall design: Total RNA was prepared from terminal differentiation day 0, 11 and 31 of iPSCs-derived neural cultures from ASD patients and non-ASD first-degree family members. A total of 4 patients and 8 controls (unaffected family members) were analyzed in replicates (two to three iPSC clones per person).
FOXG1-Dependent Dysregulation of GABA/Glutamate Neuron Differentiation in Autism Spectrum Disorders.
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A prospective study was conducted in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the University Children's hospital between September 1, 2008 and November 30, 2010. The entry criteria were (1) preterm birth below 32 weeks gestational age, (2) birthweight<1500g (VLBW). During the follow-up period, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) was diagnosed in 68 (61%) infants, including 40 (36%) children with mild disease, 13 (12%) with moderate and 15 (13%) with severe BPD. Forty-three babies served as a control group (no BPD).
Gene expression profiling in preterm infants: new aspects of bronchopulmonary dysplasia development.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
Reprogramming human somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) has been suspected of causing de novo copy number variations (CNVs). To explore this issue, we performed a whole-genome and transcriptome analysis of 20 human iPSC lines derived from primary skin fibroblasts of 7 individuals using next-generation sequencing. We find that, on average, an iPSC line manifests two CNVs not apparent in the fibroblasts from which the iPSC was derived. Using qPCR, PCR, and digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) to amplify across the CNVs'' breakpoints, we show that at least 50% of those CNVs are present as low frequency somatic genomic variants in parental fibroblasts and are manifested in iPSC colonies due to their clonal origin. Hence, reprogramming does not necessarily lead to de novo CNVs in iPSC, since most of line-manifested CNVs reflect somatic mosaicism in the human skin. Moreover, our findings demonstrate that clonal expansion, and iPSC lines in particular, can be used as a discovery tool to reliably detect low frequency CNVs in the tissue of origin. Overall, we estimate that approximately 30% of the fibroblast cells have somatic CNVs, suggesting widespread somatic mosaicism in the human body. Our study paves the way to understanding the fundamental question of the extent to which cells of the human body normally acquire structural alterations in their DNA post-zygotically. Overall design: We have generated and characterized hiPSC lines derived from skin fibroblasts collected from seven members of two families, which were competent to be differentiated into neuronal progenitors and neurons
Somatic copy number mosaicism in human skin revealed by induced pluripotent stem cells.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
We sought to find a gene-expression multigene predictor of response to infliximab therapy in Rheumatoid Arthritis patients. Using internal and external cross-validation systems we have built and validated an 8-gene predictor for response to infliximab.
An eight-gene blood expression profile predicts the response to infliximab in rheumatoid arthritis.
Sex, Specimen part, Disease, Disease stageView Samples
We performed miRNA and mRNA profiling over a 7-point time course, encompassing all recognized stages of lung development and explore dynamically regulated miRNAs and potential miRNA-mRNA interaction networks specific to mouse lung development
MicroRNA networks in mouse lung organogenesis.
The regulation of necrotic death and its relevance in anti-cancer therapy are largely unknown. Here we have investigated the pro-apoptotic and pro-necrotic activities of two ubiquitin-proteasome system inhibitors (UPSIs): bortezomib and G5. The present study points out that the glioblastoma cell lines U87MG and T98G are useful models to study the susceptibility to apoptosis and necrosis in response to UPSIs. U87MG cells are resistant to apoptosis induced by bortezomib and G5 but susceptible to necrosis induced by G5. On the opposite T98G cells are susceptible to apoptosis induced by both inhibitors but show some resistance to G5-induced necrosis. By comparing the transcriptional profiles of the two cell lines, we have found that the resistance to G5-induced necrosis could arise from differences in glutathione synthesis/utilization and in the microenvironment. In particular collagen IV, which is highly expressed in T98G cells, and fibronectin, whose adhesive function is counteracted by tenascin-C in U87MG cells, can restrain the necrotic response to G5. Collectively, our results provide an initial characterization of the molecular signals governing cell death by necrosis in glioblastoma cell lines.
Characterization of caspase-dependent and caspase-independent deaths in glioblastoma cells treated with inhibitors of the ubiquitin-proteasome system.
Cell lineView Samples
DAP12 is a transmembrane protein, expressed as a disulfide-bonded homodimer and bears an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM). DAP12 is broadly expressed in hematopoietic cells and associates with a variety of cell surface receptors in lymphoid and myeloid cells. Macrophages express several DAP12-associated receptors including triggering receptors expressed by myeloid cells (TREM)-1,2 and 3, myeloid DAP12-associating lectin (MDL)-1, CD200R like proteins CD200R3/R4 and CD300C/D/E .
Essential role of DAP12 signaling in macrophage programming into a fusion-competent state.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples