Analysis of expression changes in prelabeled laser-microdissected thoracic propriospinal neurons at different times after low-thoracic spinal cord transection in adult rats.
Intrinsic response of thoracic propriospinal neurons to axotomy.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, TimeView Samples
Intestinal epithelial stem cells (ISCs) are the focus of recent intense study. Current in vitro models rely on supplementation with the Wnt agonist R-spondin1 to support robust growth, ISC self-renewal, and differentiation. Intestinal subepithelial myofibroblasts (ISEMFs) are important supportive cells within the ISC niche. We hypothesized that co-culture with ISEMF enhances the growth of ISCs in vitro and allows for their successful in vivo implantation and engraftment. ISC-containing small intestinal crypts, FACS-sorted single ISCs, and ISEMFs were procured from C57BL/6 mice. Crypts and single ISCs were grown in vitro into enteroids, in the presence or absence of ISEMFs. ISEMFs enhanced the growth of intestinal epithelium in vitro in a proximity-dependent fashion, with co-cultures giving rise to larger enteroids than monocultures. Co-culture of ISCs with supportive ISEMFs relinquished the requirement of exogenous R-spondin1 to sustain long-term growth and differentiation of ISCs. Mono- and co-cultures were implanted subcutaneously in syngeneic mice. Co-culture with ISEMFs proved necessary for successful in vivo engraftment and proliferation of enteroids; implants without ISEMFs did not survive. ISEMF whole transcriptome sequencing and qPCR demonstrated high expression of specific R-spondins, well-described Wnt agonists that supports ISC growth. Specific non-supportive ISEMF populations had reduced expression of R-spondins. The addition of ISEMFs in intestinal epithelial culture therefore recapitulates a critical element of the intestinal stem cell niche and allows for its experimental interrogation and biodesign-driven manipulation. Overall design: Two samples of intestinal subepithelial myofibroblasts were used in this study.
Intestinal subepithelial myofibroblasts support the growth of intestinal epithelial stem cells.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Three parthenogenetic induced pluripotent stem cell (PgHiPSCs) lines were generated from each of the ovarian teratoma cell lines (two distinct individuals). Two normal iPS cell lines were generated from normal fibroblasts. Three biological replicates of normal embryonic stem cells (H9, HESCs) were perfomed.
Global analysis of parental imprinting in human parthenogenetic induced pluripotent stem cells.
Sex, Cell lineView Samples
Parental imprinting is a form of epigenetic regulation that results in parent-of-origin differential gene expression. To study Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), a developmental imprinting disorder, we generated patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) harboring distinct deletions in the affected region on chromosome 15. Studying PWS-iPSCs and human parthenogenetic iPSCs unexpectedly revealed substantial upregulation of virtually all maternally expressed genes (MEGs) in the imprinted DLK1-DIO3 locus on chromosome 14. Subsequently, we identified IPW, a long noncoding RNA in the critical region of the PWS locus, as a regulator of the DLK1-DIO3 region, as its over-expression in PWS and parthenogenetic iPSCs results in downregulation of the MEGs in this locus. We further show that gene expression changes in the DLK1-DIO3 region coincide with chromatin modifications, rather than DNA methylation levels. Our results suggest that a subset of PWS phenotypes may arise from dysregulation of an imprinted locus distinct from the PWS region.
The noncoding RNA IPW regulates the imprinted DLK1-DIO3 locus in an induced pluripotent stem cell model of Prader-Willi syndrome.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
We generated de novo induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from two Parkinsonâ€™s Disease patients (PD) harboring the p.A53T mutation. iPSC-derived mutant neurons displayed disease-relevant phenotypes at basal conditions, including protein aggregation, compromised neuritic outgrowth and contorted axons with swollen varicosities containing aSyn and tau. We have performed RNA Sequencing (RNA-Seq) of neurons from PD patient and control samples. RNA sequencing has also been performed to neurons derived from HUES samples subjected to the same differentiation protocol as reference. Overall design: We have performed RNA Sequencing (RNA-Seq) in neurons PD and control samples (two clones from each individual), along with HUES-derived neurons.
Defective synaptic connectivity and axonal neuropathology in a human iPSC-based model of familial Parkinson's disease.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Aims: To assess the virulence of multiple Aeromonas spp. using two models, a neonatal mouse assay and a mouse intestinal cell culture.
Evaluating virulence of waterborne and clinical Aeromonas isolates using gene expression and mortality in neonatal mice followed by assessing cell culture's ability to predict virulence based on transcriptional response.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Ischemic tolerance can be induced by numerous preconditioning stimuli, including various Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands. We have shown previously that systemic administration of the TLR4 ligand, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or the TLR9 ligand, unmethylated CpG ODNs prior to transient brain ischemia in mice confers substantial protection against ischemic damage. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of preconditioning, we compared brain and blood genomic profiles in response to preconditioning with these TLR ligands and to preconditioning via exposure to brief ischemia.
Multiple preconditioning paradigms converge on interferon regulatory factor-dependent signaling to promote tolerance to ischemic brain injury.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
We used microarrays to detail the global program of gene expression during early hESC differentiation to mesendoderm using FBS, with and without RUNX1 depletion.
Transient RUNX1 Expression during Early Mesendodermal Differentiation of hESCs Promotes Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition through TGFB2 Signaling.
Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples
By silencing of RALA, a downstream member of the RAS signal transduction pathway, we aimed to determine whether genes downstream of a mutated KRAS (codon 12 or 13) or a mutated BRAF can have significant functions in colorectal cancer carcinogenesis.
Effects of RAL signal transduction in KRAS- and BRAF-mutated cells and prognostic potential of the RAL signature in colorectal cancer.
Specimen part, Cell line, TreatmentView Samples
Purpose: Diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL) frequently harbor mutations in the histone acetyltransferase CREBBP, however their functional contribution to lymphomagenesis remains largely unknown. This study aims at elucidating and characterizing the molecular pathways affected by mutations in CREBBP. Methods: U2932, a DLBCL cell line that has wild type expression of CREBBP was manipulated by CRISPR-Cas9 strategy to mutate one allele of CREBBP and examine the pathways affected. RNA was isolated using the NucleoSping RNA Kit (Macherey-Nagel) from five wild type (CREBBP+/+) and five heterozygous clones (CREBBP+/-). RNA quality was assessed by Bioanalyzer 2100 followed by library preparation using the TruSeq RNA Sample Prep Kit v4 (Illumina). Sequencing was subsequently performed on the Illumina HiSeq 2500 instrument. RNA-seq reads were quality-checked with fastqc, which computes various quality metrics for the raw reads. RNA-seq reads were mapped to the GRCh38 reference human genome using STAR and reads were counted according to Ensembl gene annotation using the featureCounts function in the Rsubread Bioconductor package. Statistical analysis of differential expression was conducted with the DESeq2 package. Overall design: Trascriptomic profiles of CREBBP+/+ and CREBBP+/- clones were generated by deep sequencing.
Inactivation of CREBBP expands the germinal center B cell compartment, down-regulates MHCII expression and promotes DLBCL growth.