Genes specific to Sox9+ pancreatic progenitors were identified by comparing the gene expression in embryonic and adult Sox9+ cells.
A Notch-dependent molecular circuitry initiates pancreatic endocrine and ductal cell differentiation.
Specimen partView Samples
Differentiation of epithelial cells is strongly affected by transcription factors related to epithelial to mesenchymal-like progression.
Zeb1 affects epithelial cell adhesion by diverting glycosphingolipid metabolism.
Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples
The Nrf2 transcription factor is a key player in the cellular stress response, which regulates the expression of important antioxidant enzymes and other cytoprotective proteins. We recently generated a novel transgenic mouse model to determine the function of Nrf2 in the skin. These mice revealed interesting phenotypic abnormalities, including hyperkeratosis and acanthosis. To gain insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms, we wanted to identify genes, which are differentially expressed in the skin of wild-type and mutant mice before the onset of phenotypic abnormalities.
Nrf2 links epidermal barrier function with antioxidant defense.
Sex, TreatmentView Samples
Tamoxifen-induced deletion of endogenous GlcCer-synthesizing enzyme UDP-glucose:ceramide glucosyltransferase (UGCG) in keratin K14-positive cells results in epidermal GlcCer depletion. We used microarrays to investigate the molecular consequences of Ugcg-depleted mouse epidermis.
Differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes is dependent on glucosylceramide:ceramide processing.
Specimen partView Samples
Recent studies have reported that glycosphingolipids (GSL) might be involved in obesity induced insulin resistance. Those reports suggested that inhibition of GSL biosynthesis in animals ameliorated insulin sensitivity accompanied with improved glycemic control leading to decreased liver steatosis in obese mice. In addition, GSL depletion altered hepatic secretory function. In those studies, ubiquitously acting inhibitors for GSL-biosynthesis have been used to inhibit function of the enzyme Ugcg (UDP-glucose:ceramide glucosyltransferase), catalyzing the first step of the glucosylceramide based GSL-synthesis pathway. In the present study, a genetic approach for GSL deletion in hepatocytes was chosen to achieve full inhibition of GSL synthesis and to prevent possible adverse effects caused by Ugcg-inhibitors. Using the Cre/loxP system under control of the albumin promoter, GSL biosynthesis in hepatocytes and their release into the plasma could be effectively blocked. Deletion of GSL in hepatocytes did not change quantity of bile excretion through the biliary duct. Total bile salt content in bile-, feces- and plasma from mutant mice showed no difference as compared to control animals. Cholesterol concentration in liver-, bile-, feces- and plasma-samples remained unaffected. Lipoprotein concentration in plasma-samples in mutant animals reached similar levels as in their control littermates. No alteration in glucose tolerance after intraperitoneal application of glucose and insulin appeared in mutant animals. A preventive effect of GSL-deficiency on development of liver steatosis after high fat diet feeding could not be observed.
Hepatic glycosphingolipid deficiency and liver function in mice.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Spinal cord injury leads to impaired motor and sensory functions. After spinal cord injury there is a an initial phase of hypo-reflexia followed by a developing hyper-reflexia, often termed spasticity. Previous studies have suggested a relationship between the reappearence of plateau potentials in motor neurons and the development of spasticity after spinalizaion. To understand the moleclar mechanism behind this pheneomona we examined the transcriptional response of the motor neurons after spinal cord injury as it progress over time.
Transcriptional regulation of gene expression clusters in motor neurons following spinal cord injury.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that limited growth of the fetal liver in the model of maternal fasting is independent of well-characterized signaling mechanisms that are known to regulate somatic growth in adult animals.
Regulation of fetal liver growth in a model of diet restriction in the pregnant rat.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
Sequencing of 5' ends of RNA molecules from control and exosome-depleted HeLa-S3 cells. Overall design: CAGE library construction from RNA extracted from control and exosome-depleted cells.
Nuclear stability and transcriptional directionality separate functionally distinct RNA species.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Gene expression programs change during cellular transitions. It is well established that a network of transcription factors and chromatin modifiers regulate RNA levels during embryonic stem cell (ESC) differentiation, but the full impact of post-transcriptional processes remains elusive. While cytoplasmic RNA turnover mechanisms have been implicated in differentiation, the contribution of nuclear RNA decay has not been investigated. Here, we differentiate mouse ESCs, depleted for the ribonucleolytic RNA exosome, into embryoid bodies to determine to which degree RNA abundance in the two states can be attributed to changes in transcription vs. RNA decay by the exosome. As a general observation, we find that exosome depletion mainly leads to the stabilization of RNAs from lowly transcribed loci, including several protein-coding genes. In particular, transcripts that are differentially expressed between states tend to be more exosome sensitive in the state where expression is low. We conclude that the RNA exosome contributes to down-regulation of transcripts with disparate expression, often in conjunction with transcriptional down-regulation. Overall design: CAGE experiments were carried out in mouse embryonic stem cells and embryoid bodies differentiated for three days upon depletion of RRP40 with shRNAs, using a scrambled shRNA as control. The experiments were performed in duplicates
The RNA exosome contributes to gene expression regulation during stem cell differentiation.
Specimen part, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
To investigate genes possibly regulated by TTF-1 in small cell lung cancer cell lines, we compared gene expression profiles of NCI-H209 and Lu139 cell lines electroporated with control and TTF-1 siRNAs.
An integrative transcriptome analysis reveals a functional role for thyroid transcription factor-1 in small cell lung cancer.
Cell lineView Samples