Time course micro array experiment to identify transcriptional changes in response to exposure of hFLs to different combinations of small molecules during direct neuronal reprogramming
Small molecules increase direct neural conversion of human fibroblasts.
Specimen part, Treatment, TimeView Samples
Identification of intrathymic Eomes+ natural Th1 cells creates a novel idea that there is more than one way for the generation of innate CD4 T cells. To more deeply characterize this type of innate T cells, we compared the gene expression profile between nTh1 cells generated in CIITAtg mice and classic Th1 cells differentiated from naive CD4 T cells in Th1-polarizing condition.
Thymic low affinity/avidity interaction selects natural Th1 cells.
Age, Specimen partView Samples
Reprogramming resident glia into functional and subtype-specific neurons in vivo by delivering reprogramming genes directly to the brain provides a step forward towards the possibility of treating brain injuries or diseases. Here, we show that neurons reprogrammed using Ascl1, Lmx1a and Nurr1 functionally mature and integrate into existing brain circuitry, and that the majority of the reprogrammed neurons have properties of fast spiking, parvalbumin-containing interneurons. Overall design: A total of 6 samples were analyzed. Each sample is consists of approximately 33 laser-captured reprogrammed-neurons identified by nuclear GFP and expressing the transcription factors Ascl1, Lmx1a and Nurr1 (ALN).
Direct Reprogramming of Resident NG2 Glia into Neurons with Properties of Fast-Spiking Parvalbumin-Containing Interneurons.
Sex, Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in regulating multiple processes during brain development in various species. However, the function of miRNAs in human brain development remains largely unexplored. Here, we provide a comprehensive analysis of miRNA expression of regionalized neural progenitor cells derived from human embryonic stem cells and human fetal brain. We found mir-92b-3p and mir-130b-5p to be specifically associated with neural progenitors and several miRNAs that display both age-specific and region-specific expression patterns. Among these miRNAs, we identified miR-10 to be specifically expressed in the human hindbrain and spinal cord, while absent from rostral regions. We found that miR-10 regulates a large number of genes enriched for functions including transcription, actin cytoskeleton and ephrin receptor signaling. When overexpressed, miR-10 influences caudalization of human neural progenitors cells. Together, these data confirms a role for miRNAs in establishing different human neural progenitor populations. This data set also provides a comprehensive resource for future studies investigating the functional role of different miRNAs in human brain development. Overall design: Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) were transduced with lentiviral vectors expressing either miR10a-GFP or miR10b-GFP. The expression of the vectors is Tet-regulated and they will only be expressed in the presence of Doxycycline. In order to detect direct targets of the miR10a and miR10b, we differentiated the trasduced hESCs for 14 days, and added doxycycline to only half of the groups - resulting in groups that are overexpressing miR10a or miR10b and some groups that are not overexpressing these miRNAs.
Comprehensive analysis of microRNA expression in regionalized human neural progenitor cells reveals microRNA-10 as a caudalizing factor.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are currently being evaluated in numerous preclinical and clinical cell-based therapy studies. Furthermore, there is an increasing interest in exploring alternative uses of these cells in disease modelling, pharmaceutical screening and regenerative medicine by applying reprogramming technologies. However, the limited availability of MSCs from various sources, restricts their use. Term amniotic fluid has been proposed as an alternative source of MSCs. Previously, only low volumes of term fluid and its cellular constituents have been collected, and current knowledge of the MSCs derived from this fluid is limited. In this study, we collected amniotic fluid at term using a novel collection system and evaluated amniotic fluid MSC content and their characteristics, including their feasibility to undergo cellular reprogramming.
Term amniotic fluid: an unexploited reserve of mesenchymal stromal cells for reprogramming and potential cell therapy applications.
Specimen partView Samples
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can provide a promising source of midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neurons for cell replacement therapy for Parkinsons disease. However, iPSC-derived donor cells may inevitably contain tumorigenic or inappropriate cells. Purification of neural progenitor cells or DA neurons as suitable donor cells has been attempted, but the isolation of DA progenitor cells derived from human pluripotent stem cells has so far been unsuccessful. Here we show human iPSC-derived DA progenitor cells can be efficiently isolated by cell sorting using a floor plate marker, Corin. we were able to develop a method for 1) scalable DA neuron induction on human laminin fragment and 2) sorting DA progenitor cells using an anti-Corin antibody. Furthermore, we determined the optimal timing for the cell sorting and transplantation. The grafted cells survived well and functioned as midbrain DA neurons in the 6-OHDA-lesioned rats, and showed minimal risk of tumor formation. The sorting of Corin-positive cells is favorable in terms of both safety and efficiency, and our protocol will contribute to the clinical application of human iPSCs for Parkinsons disease.
Isolation of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived dopaminergic progenitors by cell sorting for successful transplantation.
Specimen partView Samples
We undertook an integrative technological approach to compare miRNA detection capability of three high-throughput commercial platforms. Overall design: We artificially introduced human precursor, 2â€™-O-methyl modified and mature spiked-in miRNAs in a controlled fashion into native human placenta total RNA.
Differences in microRNA detection levels are technology and sequence dependent.
Crohn's Disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestinal tract.
Identification of inflammatory mediators in patients with Crohn's disease unresponsive to anti-TNFα therapy.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Neutrophils were isolated form peripheral blood of wildtype and Phd3 null mice, cultured for 4 hours in hypoxia (3% O2) and micro array analysis performed
Prolyl hydroxylase 3 (PHD3) is essential for hypoxic regulation of neutrophilic inflammation in humans and mice.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
Our study demonstrated that e-cigarettes, both with and without nicotine, induced sex-dependent gene expression change. This RNA-seq study examined the expression profiles of brain frontal cortex samples from mice exposed to classic tobacco flavored bluâ„¢ e-cigarettes during gestation and lactation. Overall design: Brains were extracted and sectioned from ~1-month-old male and female offspring the week following exposure, RNA was isolated and purified from frontal cotrex tissues, and gene expression profiles were analyzed by RNA Sequencing.
Microglia Activation and Gene Expression Alteration of Neurotrophins in the Hippocampus Following Early-Life Exposure to E-Cigarette Aerosols in a Murine Model.
Sex, Specimen part, Cell line, SubjectView Samples