Identification of intrathymic Eomes+ natural Th1 cells creates a novel idea that there is more than one way for the generation of innate CD4 T cells. To more deeply characterize this type of innate T cells, we compared the gene expression profile between nTh1 cells generated in CIITAtg mice and classic Th1 cells differentiated from naive CD4 T cells in Th1-polarizing condition.
Thymic low affinity/avidity interaction selects natural Th1 cells.
Age, Specimen partView Samples
N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant internal modification of eukaryotic mRNA. This modification has previously been shown to alter the export kinetics for mRNAs though the molecular details surrounding this phenomenon remain poorly understood. Here we show that the m6A complex (WTAP, KIAA1429, METTL3/14) drives recruitment of the TREX mRNA export complex onto m6A modified mRNAs and this process is essential for the efficient export of certain mRNAs. Depletion of the core m6A complex leads to loss of TREX from mRNAs which undergo the m6A modification. We show that TREX stimulates recruitment of the m6A reader protein YTHDC1 to the mRNP and the m6A complex influences the interaction of TREX with YTHDC1. We suggest that m6A acts as a surrogate for other TREX recruitment mechanisms such as splicing and 5' capping, in long internal and final exons which may otherwise be devoid of this essential complex for mRNA export. Overall design: mRNA profiles of control and Virilizer/WTAP RNAi samples in cytoplasmic and nuclear cell fractions generated by mRNA-seq in triplicate using HiSeq 2500
The m<sup>6</sup>A-methylase complex recruits TREX and regulates mRNA export.
Cell line, SubjectView Samples
Terahertz (THz) technology has emerged for biomedical applications such as scanning, molecular spectroscopy, and medical imaging. However, the biological effect of THz radiation is not fully understood. Non-thermal effects of THz radiation were investigated by applying a femtosecond-terahertz (fs-THz) pulse to mouse skin. Analysis of the genome-wide expression profile in fs-THz-irradiated skin indicated that wound responses were predominantly through NFB1- and Smad3/4-mediated transcriptional activation. Repeated fs-THz radiation delayed the closure of mouse skin punch wounds due to up-regulation of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-). These findings suggest that fs-THz radiation provokes a wound-like signal in skin with increased expression of TGF- and activation of its downstream target genes, which perturbs the wound healing process in vivo.
High-power femtosecond-terahertz pulse induces a wound response in mouse skin.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
To determine the genes potentially responsible for the lactate-mediated gene expression regulation in hepatocellular carcinoma, we performed RNA-seq analyses on parental HepG2, HepG2/metR and oxamate-treated HepG2/metR cells. To gain mechanistic insights into the lactate-induced pro-migratory phenotypes, we established a cell model that acquired a resistance to metformin while producing lactate at a high level by selecting HepG2 cells that survived a chronic exposure to metformin for more than 5 months (HepG2/metR). In HepG2/metR cells, glycolysis rates were increased by more than 3 folds compared with parental cells, and consequently, lactate production was also highly enhanced. To clarify the gene expression regulation between the lactate level in the HepG2/metR model, we treated the cells with oxamate, an inhibitor of lactate dehydrogenase, and found that it significantly. Using a 2-fold change cut-off value in transcriptome, we selected 1,757 genes significantly up-regulated in HepG2/metR vs parental HepG2 cells. 690 genes were down-regulated by oxamate treatment in HepG2/metR cells. Eventually, we selected 136 genes that are common in the two gene sets, which may directly respond to lactate signaling Overall design: mRNA profiles of HepG2 cells, HepG2/metR (hyper-glycolytic cell model), oxamate treated HepG2/metR (decreased lactate concentration cell) were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina Nextseq 500
Lactate Activates the E2F Pathway to Promote Cell Motility by Up-Regulating Microtubule Modulating Genes.
Specimen part, Cell line, Treatment, SubjectView Samples
The intestinal mucosa harbors the largest accumulation of T lymphocytes in the body. While these T cells play an important role in immune homeostasis, they are also implicated in triggering and maintaining pathological intestinal inflammation. In humans they are poorly characterised, and even mouse transcriptomes have been reported for only a few individual cell types, many of which lack direct human equivalents. Using expression microarrays on T cells isolated from ileal biopsies and in silico analysis, we present here an unbiased, transcriptome-wide view of function in T cell subpopulations of the healthy human intestine and delineate signalling pathways that are distinct from those seen in peripheral blood T cells.
Generation of primary human intestinal T cell transcriptomes reveals differential expression at genetic risk loci for immune-mediated disease.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
Time-course analysis of adipocyte gene expression profiles response to high fat diet. The hypothesis tested in the present study was that in diet-induced obesity, early activation of TLR-mediated inflammatory signaling cascades by CD antigen genes, leads to increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, resulting in chronic low-grade inflammation. Early changes in collagen genes may trigger the accumulation of ECM components, promoting fibrosis in the later stages of diet-induced obesity. New therapeutic approaches targeting visceral adipose tissue genes altered early by HFD feeding may help ameliorate the deleterious effects of a diet-induced obesity.
Time-course microarrays reveal early activation of the immune transcriptome and adipokine dysregulation leads to fibrosis in visceral adipose depots during diet-induced obesity.
Age, Specimen part, Treatment, TimeView Samples
Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm of pancreas(SPN), ductal adenocarcinoma(PCA), neuroendocrine tumor(NET) and non-neoplastic pancreas.
Characterization of gene expression and activated signaling pathways in solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm of pancreas.
Sex, Age, Specimen partView Samples
The aim of this study was to compare the roles of the E6 proteins from HPV18 and HPV11, a high-risk and low-risk type, and to evaluate the effect of these two types of E6 proteins on gene expression
Delineation of the HPV11E6 and HPV18E6 Pathways in Initiating Cellular Transformation.