Identification of intrathymic Eomes+ natural Th1 cells creates a novel idea that there is more than one way for the generation of innate CD4 T cells. To more deeply characterize this type of innate T cells, we compared the gene expression profile between nTh1 cells generated in CIITAtg mice and classic Th1 cells differentiated from naive CD4 T cells in Th1-polarizing condition.
Thymic low affinity/avidity interaction selects natural Th1 cells.
Age, Specimen partView Samples
We used microarrays to examine the impact of AF1q/MLLT11 on the gene expression profile of CD34+CD45RA-Lin- and CD34+CD45RA+Lin- HPCs isolated from umbilical cord blood
AF1q/MLLT11 regulates the emergence of human prothymocytes through cooperative interaction with the Notch signaling pathway.
Specimen partView Samples
The transition from vegetative growth to flower formation is critical for the survival of flowering plants. The plant-specific transcription factor LEAFY (LFY) has central, evolutionarily conserved roles in this process, both in the formation of the first flower and later in floral patterning. We performed genome-wide binding and expression studies to elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which LFY executes these roles. Our study reveals that LFY directs an intricate regulatory network in control of floral homeotic gene expression and, unexpectedly, controls the expression of genes regulating the response to external stimuli in Arabidopsis. We further show that LFY dampens responses to a bacterial MAMP (microbe-associated molecular pattern) and to pathogen challenge. Our findings suggest a molecular mechanism for the coordination of reproductive stage development and disease response programs in plants. Regulation of these distinct survival programs by a single transcription factor may ensure optimal allocation of plant resources for reproductive fitness.
LEAFY target genes reveal floral regulatory logic, cis motifs, and a link to biotic stimulus response.
Specimen partView Samples
Terahertz (THz) technology has emerged for biomedical applications such as scanning, molecular spectroscopy, and medical imaging. However, the biological effect of THz radiation is not fully understood. Non-thermal effects of THz radiation were investigated by applying a femtosecond-terahertz (fs-THz) pulse to mouse skin. Analysis of the genome-wide expression profile in fs-THz-irradiated skin indicated that wound responses were predominantly through NFB1- and Smad3/4-mediated transcriptional activation. Repeated fs-THz radiation delayed the closure of mouse skin punch wounds due to up-regulation of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-). These findings suggest that fs-THz radiation provokes a wound-like signal in skin with increased expression of TGF- and activation of its downstream target genes, which perturbs the wound healing process in vivo.
High-power femtosecond-terahertz pulse induces a wound response in mouse skin.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
To determine the genes potentially responsible for the lactate-mediated gene expression regulation in hepatocellular carcinoma, we performed RNA-seq analyses on parental HepG2, HepG2/metR and oxamate-treated HepG2/metR cells. To gain mechanistic insights into the lactate-induced pro-migratory phenotypes, we established a cell model that acquired a resistance to metformin while producing lactate at a high level by selecting HepG2 cells that survived a chronic exposure to metformin for more than 5 months (HepG2/metR). In HepG2/metR cells, glycolysis rates were increased by more than 3 folds compared with parental cells, and consequently, lactate production was also highly enhanced. To clarify the gene expression regulation between the lactate level in the HepG2/metR model, we treated the cells with oxamate, an inhibitor of lactate dehydrogenase, and found that it significantly. Using a 2-fold change cut-off value in transcriptome, we selected 1,757 genes significantly up-regulated in HepG2/metR vs parental HepG2 cells. 690 genes were down-regulated by oxamate treatment in HepG2/metR cells. Eventually, we selected 136 genes that are common in the two gene sets, which may directly respond to lactate signaling Overall design: mRNA profiles of HepG2 cells, HepG2/metR (hyper-glycolytic cell model), oxamate treated HepG2/metR (decreased lactate concentration cell) were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina Nextseq 500
Lactate Activates the E2F Pathway to Promote Cell Motility by Up-Regulating Microtubule Modulating Genes.
Specimen part, Cell line, Treatment, SubjectView Samples
We used RNA-seq to investigate gene expression variation in Malpighian tubules, which have a function analogous to that of human kidneys. In order to characterize population differentiation, we sequenced the Malpighian tubule transcriptomes of flies derived from two populations, one from sub-Saharan Africa (Zimbabwe) and one from Europe (the Netherlands). Males and females were examined separately. Overall, we found a high amount of differential expression between sexes (2,308 genes) and populations (2,474 genes). Although most of the differentially expressed genes were consistent between sexes and populations, there were 615 genes showed sex-biased expression in only one population and 557 genes showed population-biased expression in only one sex. Overall design: mRNA expression profiles of Drosophila melanogaster Malpighian tubules from adult males and females from a European and an African population (2 biological replicates per sex and population)
Population- and sex-biased gene expression in the excretion organs of Drosophila melanogaster.
Sex, SubjectView Samples
Time-course analysis of adipocyte gene expression profiles response to high fat diet. The hypothesis tested in the present study was that in diet-induced obesity, early activation of TLR-mediated inflammatory signaling cascades by CD antigen genes, leads to increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, resulting in chronic low-grade inflammation. Early changes in collagen genes may trigger the accumulation of ECM components, promoting fibrosis in the later stages of diet-induced obesity. New therapeutic approaches targeting visceral adipose tissue genes altered early by HFD feeding may help ameliorate the deleterious effects of a diet-induced obesity.
Time-course microarrays reveal early activation of the immune transcriptome and adipokine dysregulation leads to fibrosis in visceral adipose depots during diet-induced obesity.
Age, Specimen part, Treatment, TimeView Samples
Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm of pancreas(SPN), ductal adenocarcinoma(PCA), neuroendocrine tumor(NET) and non-neoplastic pancreas.
Characterization of gene expression and activated signaling pathways in solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm of pancreas.
Sex, Age, Specimen partView Samples