We investigated the association between subgingival bacterial profiles and gene expression patterns in gingival tissues of patients with periodontitis.
Subgingival bacterial colonization profiles correlate with gingival tissue gene expression.
Specimen partView Samples
We examined gene expression signatures in healthy and diseased gingival tissues in 90 patients. Analysis of the gingival tissue transcriptome in states of periodontal health and disease may reveal novel insights of the pathobiology of periodontitis.
Transcriptomes in healthy and diseased gingival tissues.
Specimen partView Samples
RNA editing is a mutational mechanism that specifically alters the nucleotide content in sets of transcripts while leaving their cognate genomic blueprint intact. Editing has been detected from bulk RNA-seq data in thousands of distinct transcripts, but apparent editing rates can vary widely (from under 1% to almost 100%). These observed editing rates could result from approximately equal rates of editing within each individual cell in the bulk sample, or alternatively, editing estimates from a population of cells could reflect an average of distinct, biologically significant editing signatures that vary substantially between individual cells in the population. To distinguish between these two possibilities we have constructed a hierarchical Bayesian model which quantifies the variance of editing rates at specific sites using RNA-seq data from both single cells and a cognate bulk sample consisting of ~ 106 cells. The model was applied to data from murine bone-marrow derived macrophages and dendritic cells, and predicted high variance for specific edited sites in both cell types tested. We then 1 validated these predictions using targeted amplification of specific editable transcripts from individual macrophages. Our data demonstrate substantial variance in editing signatures between single cells, supporting the notion that RNA editing generates diversity within cellular populations. Such editing-mediated RNA-level sequence diversity could contribute to the functional heterogeneity apparent in cells of the innate immune system. Overall design: 26 samples were subjected to RNA-seq: 24 single WT macrophages, and 2 bulk samples (Apobec1 WT and KO macrophages), consisting of 500,000-1 million cells each.
RNA editing generates cellular subsets with diverse sequence within populations.
Specimen part, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
Periodontal infections have been associated with systemic inflammation and risk for atherosclerosis and vascular disease. We investigated the effects of comprehensive periodontal therapy on gene expression of peripheral blood monocytes. Approximately 1/3 of the patients showed substantial changes in expression in genes relevant to innate immunity, apoptosis, and cell signaling. We concluded that periodontal therapy may alter monocytic gene expression in a manner consistent with a systemic anti-inflammatory effect.
Periodontal therapy alters gene expression of peripheral blood monocytes.
Specimen part, TimeView Samples
Background: Venous hypertension is often present in advanced and in acute decompensated heart failure (HF). However, it is unclear whether high intravenous pressure can cause alterations in homeostasis by promoting inflammation and endothelial cell (EC) activation. We used an experimental model of acute, local venous hypertension to study the changes in circulating inflammatory mediators and EC phenotype that occur in response to biomechanical stress. Methods and Results: Twenty-four healthy subjects (14 men, age 352 years) were studied. Venous arm pressure was increased to ~30 mmHg above baseline level by inflating a tourniquet cuff around the dominant arm (test arm). Blood and endothelial cells (ECs) were sampled from test and control arm (lacking an inflated cuff) before and after 75 minutes of venous hypertension, using angiocatheters and endovascular wires. Magnetic beads coated with EC specific antibodies were used for EC separation; amplified mRNA was analyzed by Affymetrix HG-U133 2.0 Microarray. Plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 2 (CXCL2) were significantly increased in the congested arm. 5,332 probe sets were differentially expressed in venous ECs before vs. after testing. Among the 143 probe sets that exhibited a significant absolute fold change >2, we identified several inflammatory mediators including ET-1, VCAM-1, and CXCL2. Conclusions: Acute experimental venous hypertension is sufficient to cause local increase in circulating inflammatory mediators and to activate venous ECs in healthy human subjects. Additional work is needed to determine the effect of venous hypertension in patients with established HF.
Peripheral venous congestion causes inflammation, neurohormonal, and endothelial cell activation.
Specimen part, Treatment, SubjectView Samples
Assessment of the putative differential gene expression profiles in high osmolality-treated bovine nucleus pulposus intervertebral disc cells for a short (5 h) and a long (24 h) time period. Identification of novel genes up- or down-regulated as an early or a late response to hyperosmotic stress.
Deficiency in the α1 subunit of Na+/K+-ATPase enhances the anti-proliferative effect of high osmolality in nucleus pulposus intervertebral disc cells.
Specimen partView Samples
Peripheral blood was collected from 18 Parkinson's Disease (PD) patients and 12 healthy controls (Ctrls). Total RNA was isolated and hybridized onto Affymetrix Exon_ST1 arrays to find in PDs versus controls: 1) genes that are differentiallly expressed and 2) genes with differential exonic expression (alternative splicing).
SRRM2, a potential blood biomarker revealing high alternative splicing in Parkinson's disease.
Sex, Disease, Disease stageView Samples
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by the presence of metabolic abnormalities that include abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, increased blood glucose/insulin resistance, hypertriglyceridemia and increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The ApoE*3Leiden.human Cholesteryl Ester Transfer Protein (ApoE3L.CETP) mouse model manifests several features of the MetS upon high fat diet (HFD) feeding. Moreover, the physiological changes in the white adipose tissue (WAT) contribute to MetS comorbidities. The aim of this study was to identify transcriptomic signatures in the gonadal WAT of ApoE3L.CETP mice in discrete stages of diet-induced MetS.
Transcriptome analysis of the adipose tissue in a mouse model of metabolic syndrome identifies gene signatures related to disease pathogenesis.
Sex, Age, Specimen partView Samples
The use of pluripotent stem cells in regenerative medicine and disease modeling is complicated by the variation in differentiation properties between lines. In this study, we characterized 13 human embryonic stem cell. (hESC) and 26 human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) lines to identify markers that predict neural differentiation behavior. At a general level, markers previously known to distinguish mouse ESCs from epiblast stem cells (EpiSCs) correlated with neural differentiation behavior. More specifically, quantitative analysis of miR-371-3 expression prospectively identified hESC and hiPSC lines with differential neurogenic differentiation propensity and in vivo dopamine neuron engraftment potential. Transient KLF4 transduction increased miR-371-3 expression and altered neurogenic behavior and pluripotency marker expression. Conversely, suppression of miR- 371-3 expression in KLF4-transduced cells rescued neural differentiation propensity. miR-371-3 expression level therefore appears to have both a predictive and a functional role in determining human pluripotent stem cell neurogenic differentiation behavior.
miR-371-3 expression predicts neural differentiation propensity in human pluripotent stem cells.
Sex, Cell lineView Samples
We used microarrays to detail the global program of gene expression underlying Parkinson's disease
A genomic pathway approach to a complex disease: axon guidance and Parkinson disease.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples