This SuperSeries is composed of the SubSeries listed below.
Host Transcription Profile in Nasal Epithelium and Whole Blood of Hospitalized Children Under 2 Years of Age With Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, Disease, Disease stageView Samples
The Clade A PP2C Highly ABA-Induced1 (HAI1, At5g59220) is strongly up-regulated by low water potential in an ABA-dependent manner. Using knockout mutants of hai1, we found that HAI1 functions as a negative regulator of low water potential-induced proline and osmoregulatory solute accumulation. We also found a relatively weak and limited interaction of HAI1 with the RCAR/PYL family of ABA receptors. This, plus its induced expression, suggest that HAI1 remains active during stress and attenuates specific aspects of drought response.
Unique drought resistance functions of the highly ABA-induced clade A protein phosphatase 2Cs.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
Transfer cells (TCs) play important roles in facilitating enhanced rates of nutrient transport at key apoplasmic/symplasmic junctions along the nutrient acquisition and transport pathways in plants. TCs achieve this capacity by developing elaborate wall ingrowth networks which serve to increase plasma membrane surface area thus increasing the cell's surface area-to-volume ratio to achieve increased flux of nutrients across the plasma membrane. Phloem parenchyma (PP) cells of Arabidopsis leaf veins trans-differentiate to become PP TCs which likely function in a two-step phloem loading mechanism by facilitating unloading of photoassimilates into the apoplasm for subsequent energy-dependent uptake into the sieve element/companion cell (SE/CC) complex. We are using PP TCs in Arabidopsis as a genetic model to identify transcription factors involved in coordinating deposition of the wall ingrowth network. Confocal imaging of pseudo-Schiff propidium iodide-stained tissue revealed different profiles of temporal development of wall ingrowth deposition across maturing cotyledons and juvenile leaves, and a basipetal gradient of deposition across mature adult leaves. RNA-Seq analysis was undertaken to identify differentially expressed genes common to these three different profiles of wall ingrowth deposition. This analysis identified 68 transcription factors up-regulated two-fold or more in at least two of the three experimental comparisons, with six of these transcription factors belonging to Clade III of the NAC-domain family. Phenotypic analysis of these NAC genes using insertional mutants revealed significant reductions in levels of wall ingrowth deposition, particularly in a double mutant of NAC056 and NAC018, as well as compromised sucrose-dependent root growth, indicating impaired capacity for phloem loading. Collectively, these results support the proposition that Clade III members of the NAC domain family in Arabidopsis play important roles in regulating wall ingrowth deposition in PP TCs. Overall design: The sampling enabled three different temporal and spatial pair-wise comparisons for RNA-Seq analysis, namely: (i) cotyledons at Day 5 vs Day 10; (ii) Leaf 1 and Leaf 2 (first juvenile leaves) at Day 10 vs Day 16; and (iii) basal vs apical third (base vs tip) of Leaf 12 at Day 31. This analysis provided temporal and spatial comparisons of tissues with absent vs abundant wall ingrowth deposition in phloem parenchyma transfer cells.
Transcript Profiling Identifies NAC-Domain Genes Involved in Regulating Wall Ingrowth Deposition in Phloem Parenchyma Transfer Cells of <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i>.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
To address the functional role of KDM6A in the regulation of Rhox genes, male and female mouse ES cells were transfected with a mixture of three small interfering RNA duplexes, each of which targets a different region of Kdm6a mRNA. We found that Kdm6a knockdown in mouse ES cells caused a decrease in expression of a subset of Rhox genes, Rhox6 and 9. Furthermore, Rhox6 and 9 expression was decreased in female ES cells but not male ES cells indicating that KDM6A regulates Rhox gene expression in a sexually dimorphic manner.
Female bias in Rhox6 and 9 regulation by the histone demethylase KDM6A.
Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples
Two Clade E Growth Regulating PP2Cs EGR1 and EGR2 (EGR1, At3g05640; EGR2, At5g27930) are strongly up regulated by low water but much less affected by ABA. EGR mutants maintained higher seedling root elongation and dry weight at low water potential and higher levels of stress protective metabolite proline.
Protein Phosphatase 2Cs and <i>Microtubule-Associated Stress Protein 1</i> Control Microtubule Stability, Plant Growth, and Drought Response.
Age, Specimen partView Samples
b-Oxidative enzymes for fatty acid degradation (Fad) of long-chain fatty acid (LCFA), a component of lung surfactant phosphatidylcholine, are induced in vivo during lung infection in cystic fibrosis patients, which could contribute to nutrient acquisition and pathogenesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In addition, fatty acid biosynthesis (Fab) is essential for the syntheses of two virulence controlling acylated-homoserine-lactone molecules in this organism. We mapped the promoter regions of the fadBA5-operon (PA3014 and PA3013) and a fadE homologue (PA2815) involved in Fad and the fabAB-operon involved in Fab. Focusing on the transposon mutagenesis of strain PAO1 carrying the PfadBA5-lacZ fusion, we identified a regulator for the fadBA5-operon to be PsrA (PA3006). Transcriptome analysis of the DpsrA mutant indicates its importance in regulating b-oxidative enzymes, which confirms a previous proteomic study. We further showed that induction of the fadBA-operon responds to LCFA signals, and this induction requires the presence of PsrA, suggesting that PsrA binds to LCFA to derepress fadBA5. Electrophoresis mobility shift assay indicate specific binding of PsrA to the fadBA5-promoter region. This binding is disrupted by specific LCFA (C18:1D9, C16:0, and to a lesser extent C14:0), but not by the first intermediate of b-oxidation, acyl-CoA. We proposed that PsrA is a Fad-regulator that binds and responds to LCFA signals in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
The Pseudomonas aeruginosa PsrA responds to long-chain fatty acid signals to regulate the fadBA5 beta-oxidation operon.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Assessment of p53 targets by gene expression array analysis in irradiated and nonirradiated Wip1+/+ and Wip1-/- MEFs.
The Wip1 Phosphatase acts as a gatekeeper in the p53-Mdm2 autoregulatory loop.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
To identify gene expression profile changes upon SNRNP40 depletion, RNA-sequencing was performed on breast cancer cells transfected with siRNAs targeting SNRNP40. Overall design: Libraries were generated using ScriptSeq v2 RNA-seq Library Preparation Kit (Epicentre) and run on Illumina HiSeq 2500.
Highly variable cancer subpopulations that exhibit enhanced transcriptome variability and metastatic fitness.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Adipocytes arise from commitment and differentiation of adipose precursors in white adipose tissue (WAT). In studying adipogenesis, precursor markers, including Pref-1 and PDGFRa, are used to isolate precursors from stromal vascular fraction of WAT, but the relationship among the markers is not known. Here, we used Pref-1 promoter-rtTA system in mice for labeling Pref-1+ cells and for inducible inactivation of Pref-1 target, Sox9. We show requirement of Sox9 for maintenance of Pref-1+ proliferative, early precursors. Upon Sox9 inactivation, these Pref-1+ cells become PDGFRa+ cells that express early adipogenic markers. Thus, we show for the first time that Pref-1+ cells precede PDGFRa+ cells in the adipogenic pathway and that Sox9 inactivation is required for WAT growth and expansion. Furthermore, we show that, in maintaining early adipose precursors, Sox9 activates Meis1 which prevents adipogenic differentiation. Our study also demonstrates the Pref-1 promoter-rtTA system for inducible gene inactivation in early adipose precursor population. Overall design: RNA-Sequencing for differentially expressed genes (more than 2-fold) between GFP+ (Pref-1+) ingWAT SVF cells from floxed and Sox9 PreASKO mice (n=6 pooled).
Sox9-Meis1 Inactivation Is Required for Adipogenesis, Advancing Pref-1<sup>+</sup> to PDGFRα<sup>+</sup> Cells.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Recently, we reported the development of the C57BL/6.NOD-Aec1Aec2 mouse that carries two genetic intervals derived from the NOD mouse capable of conferring Sjgrens syndrome (SjS)-like disease in SjS-non-susceptible C57BL/6 mice.
Differential gene expressions in the lacrimal gland during development and onset of keratoconjunctivitis sicca in Sjögren's syndrome (SJS)-like disease of the C57BL/6.NOD-Aec1Aec2 mouse.
Sex, Age, Specimen partView Samples