We analyzed the changes in the spinal cord transcriptome after a spinal cord contusion injury and MSC or OEC transplantation. The cells were injected immediately or 7 days after the injury. The mRNA of the spinal cord injured segment was extracted and analyzed by microarray at 2 and 7 days after cell grafting.
Gene expression changes in the injured spinal cord following transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells or olfactory ensheathing cells.
The present study reports an unbiased analysis of the cytotoxic T cell serine-threonine phosphoproteome using high resolution mass spectrometry. Approximately 2,000 phosphorylations were identified in CTLs of which approximately 450 were controlled by TCR signaling. A significantly overrepresented group of molecules identified in the phosphoproteomic screen were transcription activators, co-repressors and chromatin regulators. A focus on the chromatin regulators revealed that CTLs have high expression of the histone deacetylase HDAC7 but continually phosphorylate and export this transcriptional repressor from the nucleus. HDAC7 dephosphorylation results in its nuclear accumulation and suppressed expression of genes encoding key cytokines, cytokine receptors and adhesion molecules that determine CTL function. The screening of the CTL phosphoproteome thus reveals intrinsic pathways of serine-threonine phosphorylation that target chromatin regulators in CTLs and determine the CTL functional program. We used Affymetrix microarray analysis to explore the molecular basis for the role of HDAC7 in CTLs and the impact of GFP-HDAC7 phosphorylation deficient mutant expression on the CTL transcriptional profile.
Phosphoproteomic analysis reveals an intrinsic pathway for the regulation of histone deacetylase 7 that controls the function of cytotoxic T lymphocytes.
Specimen partView Samples
Comparison of transcriptional profile of TCR stimulated P14-TCR wild-type and P14-PKD2 null murine lymph node cells
Protein kinase D2 has a restricted but critical role in T-cell antigen receptor signalling in mature T-cells.
Specimen partView Samples
A. thaliana plants were grown in 1/2 MS medium in the presence of carbenicillin (10 µg·mL-1) for 1 or 7 days and RNA from their roots extracted and sequenced in Illumina HiSeq 2000/5000 (2x50 bp). Overall design: Total RNA obtained from A. thaliana roots grown in the absence (mock) or presence of carbenicillin (10 µg·mL-1) for 1 or 7 days. Three replicas per experiment.
β-Lactam Antibiotics Modify Root Architecture and Indole Glucosinolate Metabolism in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Analysis of Drosophila melanogaster early embryos (pre-zygotic genome activation) following the germ line-specific depletion of the dMLL3/4 histone methyltransferase (also known as Trr). These results provide insight into the molecular mechanisms responsible for the assembly of the zygotic genome at fertilization.
The Trithorax group protein dMLL3/4 instructs the assembly of the zygotic genome at fertilization.
Specimen partView Samples
BACKGROUND: Common variants in the TCF4 gene are among the most robustly supported genetic risk factors for schizophrenia. Rare TCF4 deletions and loss-of-function point mutations cause Pitt-Hopkins syndrome, a developmental disorder associated with severe intellectual disability.
Knockdown of the schizophrenia susceptibility gene <i>TCF4</i> alters gene expression and proliferation of progenitor cells from the developing human neocortex.
Sex, Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples
miR-34a is strongly induced upon TPA-induced megakaryocyte differentiation of K562 cells. To investigate the gene networks regulated by this miRNA during the process of differentiation we performed gene microarray analysis in K562 cells overexpressing miR-34a or a control sequence.
miR-34a contributes to megakaryocytic differentiation of K562 cells independently of p53.
Cell lineView Samples
The acute response four hours after a fat load of extra virgin olive oil was investigated using DNA microarrays. Hepatic gene expression was analysed in Wistar Rats.
Postprandial transcriptome associated with virgin olive oil intake in rat liver.
Sex, Age, Specimen partView Samples
Handedness and language are two well-studied examples of asymmetrical brain function in humans. Approximately 90% of humans exhibit a right-hand preference, and the vast majority shows left-hemisphere dominance for language function. Although genetic models of human handedness and language have been proposed, the actual gene expression differences between cerebral hemispheres in humans remain to be fully defined. In the present study, gene expression profiles were examined in both hemispheres of three cortical regions involved in handedness and language in humans and their homologues in rhesus macaques: ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, posterior superior temporal cortex (STC), and primary motor cortex. Although the overall pattern of gene expression was very similar between hemispheres in both humans and macaques, weighted gene correlation network analysis revealed gene co-expression modules associated with hemisphere, which are different among the three cortical regions examined. Notably, a receptor-enriched gene module in STC was particularly associated with hemisphere and showed different expression levels between hemispheres only in humans.
Interhemispheric gene expression differences in the cerebral cortex of humans and macaque monkeys.
Sex, Age, Specimen partView Samples
Purpose: the goal of this project is to study the effects of the PFOS (perfluorooctanesulfonate) in the transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq) of exposed zebrafish larvae. Methods: Total RNA was isolated from the samples using AllPrep DNA/RNA Mini Kit (Qiagen, CA, USA) as described by the manufacturer. Three high quality sample per condition were chosen to the mRNA enrichment using KAPA Stranded mRNA-Seq Kit IlluminaÂ® Platforms (Kapa Biosystems). Transcriptomic profiles were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina TruSeq SBS Kit v3-HS (pair-ended; 2x76bp) on a HiSeq2000 sequencing system. Image analysis, base calling and quality scoring of the run were processed using the manufacturer's software Real Time Analysis (RTA 1.13.48) and followed by generation of FASTQ sequence files by CASAVA. Statistical analysis: RNA-seq reads were aligned to the D. rerio reference genome (GRCz10) using STAR version 2.5.1b . Genes annotated in GRCz10.84 were quantified using RSEM version 1.2.28 with default parameters. Differential expression analysis between all PFOS conditions was performed with the DESeq2 (v.1.10.1) R package with the Likelihood ratio test option. ANOVA-PLS was performed on the normalized data using the lmdme package in R (v. 1.0.136, R Core Team). Results: We generated on average 39 million paired-end reads for each sample and identified aproximatelly 24500 transcripts. 1434 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected which could be divided in 2 clusters including 767 and 667 genes, respectively. Affected metabolic pathways were analyzed from the DEGs: lipid transport and metabolism, protein ubiquination, antigen processing, immune system, apoptosis, trans-membrane, cell matrix, Zn-ion binding, cytokines and JAK-STAT signaling pathways', among others, were down or upregulated. Conclusions: Our results suggest a complex, multiple endocrine disruption-like toxic effects at a concentrations well bellow the 1 mg/L, considered as the LOAEC/NOAEC for many of the macroscopic effects traditionally linked to PFOS toxicity in zebrafish embryos. While our results confirm the known effect of PFOS in lipid metabolism, we found a clear decrease on expression of many genes related to natural immunity and defense against infections. We propose that this transcriptional pattern may be a marker for the immunotoxic effects of PFOS and other related substances in fish and other vertebrates, including humans. We concluded that our analysis allowed us the identification of underlying molecular mechanisms occurring simultaneously at the exposed animals. While this approach is very useful to analyze the effects of compounds, like PFOS, able to interact with different cellular targets, we believe that it can be also applied to the characterization of the different toxic components present in complex natural mixtures. Overall design: Whole embryo (5 dpf; wild type zebrafish) mRNA profiles of 4 groups (control, 0.03, 0.3 and 1 ppm of PFOS) were generated by deep sequencing, in triplicate, using Illumina TruSeq SBS Kit v3-HS (pair-ended) on a HiSeq2000 sequencing system.
Unravelling the mechanisms of PFOS toxicity by combining morphological and transcriptomic analyses in zebrafish embryos.
Age, SubjectView Samples