In vertebrates, the heart has two main layers of cardiac muscle, a peripheral compact layer and an internal trabecular layer. Little is known on the differerences in gene expression between both layers. In zebrafish the outer layer is named cortical layer and the internal also trabecular layer. Here we used a double transgenic line labelling with GFP tbx5-positive cells and cardiomyoctes with nuclear DsRed (nucDsRed) to distinguish cortical from trabecular myocardium. Then, we compared the transcriptome of trabecular and cortical myocardium in the adult zebrafish. We describe that Tbx5a is a good marker of trabecular myocardium. Overall design: Four paired biological replicates consisting on Tbx5-positive and Tbx5-negative adult zebrafish ventricular cardiomyocytes were analysed by RNA-seq to compare their transcriptomic profiles.
Tbx5a lineage tracing shows cardiomyocyte plasticity during zebrafish heart regeneration.
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The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of NOD genetic vatiation on the transcriptional programs induced by the alpha beta-TCR at the DN to DP transition in the BDC2.5 TCR Tg model
Thymic negative selection is functional in NOD mice.
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E47 represses Foxp3 transcription, albeit indirectly through the activation of unknown negative regulatory of Foxp3 transcription.
Id3 Maintains Foxp3 Expression in Regulatory T Cells by Controlling a Transcriptional Network of E47, Spi-B, and SOCS3.
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We examined global gene expression patterns in response to PGC-1 expression in cells derived from liver or muscle.
Direct link between metabolic regulation and the heat-shock response through the transcriptional regulator PGC-1α.
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Cell adhesion plays an important role in determining cell shape and function in a variety of physiological and pathophysiological conditions. While links between metabolism and cell adhesion were previously suggested, the exact context and molecular details of such a cross-talk remain incompletely understood.
Inhibition of Adhesion Molecule Gene Expression and Cell Adhesion by the Metabolic Regulator PGC-1α.
Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples
Secreted proteins serve pivotal roles in the development of multicellular organisms, acting as structural matrix, extracellular enzymes and signal molecules. In this study we demonstrate, unexpectedly, that PGC-1, a critical transcriptional co-activator of metabolic gene expression, functions to down-regulate expression of diverse genes encoding secreted molecules and extracellular matrix (ECM) components to modulate the secretome. We show that both endogenous and exogenous PGC-1 down-regulate expression of numerous genes encoding secreted molecules. Mechanistically, results obtained using mRNA stability measurements as well as intronic RNA expression analysis are consistent with a transcriptional effect of PGC-1 on expression of genes encoding secreted proteins. Interestingly, PGC-1 requires the central heat shock response regulator HSF1 to affect some of its targets, and both factors co-reside on several target genes encoding secreted molecules in cells. Finally, using a mass spectrometric analysis of secreted proteins, we demonstrate that PGC-1 modulates the secretome of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs).
Control of Secreted Protein Gene Expression and the Mammalian Secretome by the Metabolic Regulator PGC-1α.
Specimen partView Samples
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a complex and heterogeneous tumor due to activation of multiple cellular pathways and molecular alterations. Herein, we report the first molecular classification of 89 HCC based on the expression of 358 microRNAs and integrative genomic analysis. Three main subclasses of HCC were identified : two of them were associated with beta-catenin mutations or aggressive phenotype. A subset of the subclass of aggressive tumors (8/89, 9%) showed overexpression of a cluster of microRNAs located on chr19q13.41 (C19MC locus. We showed that miR 517a, representing C19MC, promoted cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro and induced the development of aggressive tumors in vivo suggesting its role as a novel oncogenic driver in HCC.
MicroRNA-based classification of hepatocellular carcinoma and oncogenic role of miR-517a.
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