To broaden the appeal of the NIH Stem Cell Database, we analyzed a subset of undifferentiated human embryonic stem cell lines (5 lines in duplicate) on the Affymetrix platform. One standard culture protocol was used in conjunction with rigorous quality control. Expanded description of methods used and are available at: http://stemcelldb.nih.gov.
StemCellDB: the human pluripotent stem cell database at the National Institutes of Health.
Sex, Cell lineView Samples
We carried out a global survey of age-related changes in mRNA levels in the C57BL/6NIA mouse hippocampus and found a difference in the hippocampal gene expression profile between 2-month-old young mice and 15-month-old middle-aged mice correlated with an age-related cognitive deficit in hippocampal-based explicit memory formation. Middle-aged mice displayed a mild but specific deficit in spatial memory in the Morris water maze.
Altered hippocampal transcript profile accompanies an age-related spatial memory deficit in mice.
Sex, Age, Specimen partView Samples
RNA transcriptome difference between WT and SFR KO iNKT cells To understand how SLAM family receptors (SFRs) contribute to iNKT cell development, a mouse lacking all SFRs in addition to the ligand of 2B4, CD48, was generated, and the transcriptional profiles of thymic iNKT cells from wild-type and SFR KO mice were compared, using RNA sequencing. Overall design: Examine RNA expression in WT and SFR KO iNKT cells Thymocytes were isolated from WT and SFR KO mice, and iNKT cells were enriched by negative selection. Unwanted cells (CD11b+ CD11c+ Gr-1+ Ter-119+ CD19+ CD8a+ cells) were targeted for removal with biotinylated antibodies (BioLegend), streptavidin-coated magnetic particles (RapidSpheres) and EasySep magnet (STEMCELL), and followed by staining with mCD1d/PBS-57 and anti-TCR. Then, iNKT cells were sorted with BD FACSAria III (BD Biosciences), and total RNA was isolated from sorted cells according to the manufacturer's instructions using the RNeasy plus micro kit (Qiagen). RNA-Seq library preparation was performed using the Illumina TruSeq Stranded mRNA Kit, according to manufacturer's instructions, and sequenced with Illumina HiSeq 2000 Sequencer. Read quality was confirmed using FastQC v0.10.1 before alignment using TopHat v2.0.10 on the mouse GRCm38/mm10 genome.
SLAM receptors foster iNKT cell development by reducing TCR signal strength after positive selection.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Sustained caloric restriction (CR) extends lifespan in animal models but the mechanism and primary tissue target(s) have not been identified. Gene expression changes with aging and CR were examined in both heart and subcutaneous white adipose tissue (WAT) of F344 male rats using Affymetrix RAE 230 arrays and validated by qRT-PCR on 18 genes. In heart, age- associated changes but not CR-associated changes in old. In WAT, genes were identified where the aging change is suppressed by CR (candidate markers of healthy aging) and those affected by CR but not normal aging (candidate longevity assurance genes). 10-21% of age-associated genes were regulated in common between tissues. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) revealed coordinate small magnitude changes in ribosomal, proteasomal, and mitochondrial genes with similarities between heart and WAT. Further analysis revealed PPARgamma as a potential upstream regulator of altered gene expression in old CR WAT. These results demonstrate a reduced mRNA response to CR with age in heart relative to WAT. In WAT, we identified candidate CR mimetic targets and candidate markers of healthy aging. These data suggest a role for subcutaneous WAT in the effects of CR and strengthen the role for PPAR signaling in aging and CR while indicating that the effects of CR in heart can occur independent of global changes in mRNA level.
Transcriptional response to aging and caloric restriction in heart and adipose tissue.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Alterations in chromatin modifications, including DNA methylation and histone modification patterns, have been characterized under exposure of several environmental pollutants, including nickel. As with other carcinogenic metals, the mutagenic potential of nickel compounds is low and is not well correlated with its carcinogenic effects. Nickel exposure, however, is associated with alterations in chromatin modifications and related transcriptional programs, suggesting an alternative pathway whereby nickel exposure can lead to disease. To investigate the extent to which nickel exposure disrupts chromatin patterns, we profiled several histone modifications, including H3K4me3, H3K9ac, H3K27me3 and H3K9me2 as well as the insulator binding protein CTCF and the transcriptomes of control BEAS-2B cells and cells treated with nickel for 72 hours. Our results show significant alterations of the repressive histone modification H3K9me2 in nickel-exposed cells with spreading of H3K9me2 into new domains associated with gene silencing. We furthermore show that local regions of active chromatin can protect genes from nickel-induced H3K9me2 spreading. Interestingly, we show that nickel exposure selectively disrupts weaker CTCF sites, leading to spreading of H3K9me2 at these regions. These results have major implications in the understanding of how environmental carcinogens can affect chromatin dynamics and the consequences of chromatin domain disruption in disease progression. Overall design: Treat BEAS-2B cells with NiCl2 for 72 hours and compare histone modification, CTCF binding to control BEAS-2B cells to see how they regulated gene expression by RNA-seq
Epigenetic dysregulation by nickel through repressive chromatin domain disruption.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
We performed morphogen-directed differentiation of human PSCs into HE followed by combinatorial screening of 26 candidate HSC-specifying TFs for the potential to promote hematopoietic engraftment in irradiated immune deficient murine hosts. We recovered seven TFs (ERG, HOXA5, HOXA9, HOXA10, LCOR, RUNX1, SPI1) that together were sufficient to convert HE into hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) that engraft primary and secondary murine recipients Overall design: Examination of expression pattern in hematopoietic cells.
Haematopoietic stem and progenitor cells from human pluripotent stem cells.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Purpose: The goal of this study was to identify the gene expression profile of mouse retina which carries deletions in Dnmt1, Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b genes. Method: Retinal mRNA profiles of Postnatal day 15 wild type mice and Dnmt1, Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b mutant mice were generated by deep-sequencing Overall design: Retinal mRNA profiles of post natal day 15 wild type and mutant mice with Illumina HiSeq 2500
Dnmt1, Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b cooperate in photoreceptor and outer plexiform layer development in the mammalian retina.
Specimen part, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
Using microarray, we compared the transcriptome of the wild-type and Gbx2-KO thalamus at E12.5. We show that Gbx2 promotes thalamic but inhibits habenular molecular characters.
Gbx2 is essential for maintaining thalamic neuron identity and repressing habenular characters in the developing thalamus.
Specimen partView Samples