Microarray based mRNA profiling was used to identify the mechanism of action for the small molecule b-AP15.
Inhibition of proteasome deubiquitinating activity as a new cancer therapy.
Cell line, TreatmentView Samples
Maternal obesity during the pre-implantation period leads to a pro-inflammatory milieu in the ovaries. We conducted a global transcriptomic profiling in ovaries from TEN fed rats during the pre-implantation period. Microarray analysis revealed that obesity lead to increased expression of genes related to inflammation, decreased glucose transporters, and dysregulation of ovarian function-related genes in the ovaries. Our results suggest maternal obesity led to an up-regulation of inflammatory genes and Egr-1 protien expression in peri-implantation ovarian tissue, and a concurrent down-regulation of glucose transporters mRNA and AKT and PI3K protein levels.
Maternal obesity is associated with ovarian inflammation and upregulation of early growth response factor 1.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
We performed microarray analysis to investigate the gene expression profile changes induced by Hmg20b knock down in I/11 cells.
The DNA binding factor Hmg20b is a repressor of erythroid differentiation.
Specimen partView Samples
Defective complex I (CI) is the most common type of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) disease in patients, with an incidence of 1 in 5,000 live births. Complex I deficiency can present in infancy or early adulthood and shows a wide variety of clinical manifestations, including Leigh syndrome, (cardio)myopathy, hypotonia, stroke, ataxia and lactic acidosis. A number of critical processes and factors, like superoxide production, calcium homeostasis, mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial morphology, are known to be involved in clinical CI deficiency, but not all factors are yet known and a complete picture is lacking.
Transcriptional changes in OXPHOS complex I deficiency are related to anti-oxidant pathways and could explain the disturbed calcium homeostasis.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, Disease, Disease stageView Samples
EML1 and EML3 were previously shown to be histone readers involved in plant-pathogen interactions. To learn more about the developmental function of EML1 and EML3, we generated eml1 eml3 double mutant and showed that it had specific seed developmental phenotypes, including a capability to develop seed without fertilization. Next, we analyzed the mRNA expression of genes in the eml1 eml3 double mutant and compared it to its wild type. Differentially expressed (DE) genes in the mutant were identified and compared with DE of the mutants known to be involved in regulating seed development and in fertilization-independent endosperm development. Our results suggest that some targets are shared between EML histone readers and known regulators of seed development, such as MEA. Auxin response seems to be affected in both types of mutants. However, unlike MEA, EML proteins regulate auxin responsive genes not only in the endosperm, but also in the embryo. This capability makes EML proteins very good candidates for engineering apomictic seeds. Overall design: 3 eml1,eml3 double mutant samples and 3 WT samples
Arabidopsis EMSY-like (EML) histone readers are necessary for post-fertilization seed development, but prevent fertilization-independent seed formation.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Vitamin A is the only known compound that produces spontaneous fractures in rats. In an effort to resolve the molecular mechanism behind this effect, we fed young rats high doses of vitamin A and performed a global transcriptional analysis of diaphyseal bone after one week, i.e. just before the first fractures appeared. Microarray gene expression analysis revealed that 68 transcripts were differentially expressed in hypervitaminotic cortical bone and 118 transcripts were found when the bone marrow was also included. 98% of the differentially expressed genes in the bone marrow sample were up-regulated. In contrast, hypervitaminotic cortical bone without marrow showed reduced expression of 37% of differentially expressed genes. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis revealed that only samples containing bone marrow were associated to a GO term, which principally represented extracellular matrix (ECM). This is consistent with the histological findings of increased endosteal bone formation. Four of the genes in this ECM cluster and four other genes, including Cyp26b1 which is known to be up-regulated by vitamin A, were selected and verified by real-time PCR. In addition, immunohistochemical staining of bone sections confirmed that the bone-specific molecule, osteoadherin (Omd) was up-regulated. Further analysis of the major gene expression changes revealed distinct differences between cortical bone and bone marrow, e.g. there appeared to be augmented Wnt signaling in the bone marrow but reduced Wnt signaling in cortical bone. Moreover, induced expression of hypoxia-associated genes was only found in samples containing bone marrow. Together, these results corroborate our previous observations of compartment-specific effects of vitamin A, with reduced periosteal but increased endosteal bone formation, and suggest important roles for Wnt signaling and hypoxia in the processes leading to spontaneous fractures.
Microarray profiling of diaphyseal bone of rats suffering from hypervitaminosis A.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, DiseaseView Samples
The specific contribution of the two TNF-receptors Tnfr1 and Tnfr2 to TNF-induced inflammation in the glomerulus is unknown. In mice, TNF exposure induces glomerular expression of inflammatory mediators like adhesion molecules and chemokines in vivo, and glomerular accumulation of leukocytes.
Distinct contributions of TNF receptor 1 and 2 to TNF-induced glomerular inflammation in mice.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
Sepsis is a clinical syndrome that can be caused by bacteria or fungi. Early knowledge on the nature of the causative agent is a prerequisite for targeted anti-microbial therapy. Besides currently used detection methods like blood culture and PCR-based assays, the analysis of the transcriptional response of the host to infecting organisms holds great promise. In this study, we aim to examine the transcriptional footprint of infections caused by the bacterial pathogens Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli and the fungal pathogens Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus in a human whole-blood model. Moreover, we use the expression information to build a random forest classifier to determine if the pathogen is bacterial, fungal or neither of the two. After normalizing the transcription intensities using stably expressed reference genes, we filtered the gene set for biomarkers of bacterial or fungal blood infections. This selection is based on differential expression and an additional gene relevance measure. In this way, we identified 38 biomarker genes, including IL6, SOCS3, and IRG1 which were already associated to sepsis by other studies. Using these genes, we trained the classifier and assessed its performance. It yielded a 96% accuracy (sensitivities >93%, specificities >97%) for a 10-fold stratified cross-validation and a 92% accuracy (sensitivities and specificities >83%) for an additional dataset comprising Cryptococcus neoformans infections. Furthermore, the noise-robustness of the classifier suggests high rates of correct class predictions on datasets of new species. In conclusion, this genome-wide approach demonstrates an effective feature selection process in combination with the construction of a well-performing classification model. Further analyses of genes with pathogen-dependent expression patterns can provide insights into the systemic host responses, which may lead to new anti-microbial therapeutic advances.
Biomarker-based classification of bacterial and fungal whole-blood infections in a genome-wide expression study.
Sex, Specimen part, Subject, TimeView Samples
ES cells differentiated in the presence of the Wnt inhibitor DKK1 fail to express the transcription factor Snail and undergo EMT or mesoderm differentiation. We generated an ES cell line, A2.snail, that induced Snail expression upon addition of doxycycline addition.
Snail promotes the cell-autonomous generation of Flk1(+) endothelial cells through the repression of the microRNA-200 family.
Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples
Transcriptional expression data for bioactive small molecules for mechanism identification.
Identification of a novel topoisomerase inhibitor effective in cells overexpressing drug efflux transporters.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples