Epigenetic code modifications by histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have recently been proposed as potential new therapies for hematological malignancies. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) remains incurable despite the introduction of new treatments. CLL cells are characterized by an apoptosis defect rather than excessive proliferation, but proliferation centers have been found in organs such as bone marrow and lymph nodes.
Antileukemic activity of valproic acid in chronic lymphocytic leukemia B cells defined by microarray analysis.
Sex, AgeView Samples
It is now well established that bone marrow (BM) constitutes a microenvironment required for differentiation. Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) strongly support MM cell growth, by producing a high level of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a major MM cell growth factor. BM-MSCs also support osteoclastogenesis and angiogenesis. Previous studies have suggested that the direct (VLA-4, VCAM-1, CD44, VLA-5, LFA-1, syndecan-1,) and indirect interactions (soluble factors) between MM plasma cells and BM-MSCs result in constitutive abnormalities in BM-MSCs. In particular, MM BM-MSCs express less CD106 and fibronectin and more DKK1, IL-1 and TNF- as compared with normal BM-MSCs. In order to gain a global view of the differences between BM-MSCs from MM patients and healthy donors, we used gene expression profiling to identify genes associated to the transformation of MM BM-MSCs.
Evidences of early senescence in multiple myeloma bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, Disease, Disease stageView Samples
Comparison of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia patients expressing high or low levels of ZAP70 mRNA: prognostic factors and interaction with the microenvironment.
Gene expression profiling reveals differences in microenvironment interaction between patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia expressing high versus low ZAP70 mRNA.
Sex, AgeView Samples
Interactions between Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia B-cells (CLL B-cells) and the microenvironment (ME) play a major function in the physiopathology of CLL. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) (composed of exosomes and microparticles) have been shown to play an important role in cell communication. EVs, purified by ultracentrifugation from bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSC) culture, were added to CLL B-cells. Microarray study highlighted 805 differentially expressed genes between CLL-B-cells cultured with and without EVs. Of these, CCL3/4, EGR1/2/3, MYC (involved in BCR pathway) were increased while pro-apoptotic genes like HRK were decreased. We showed for the first time the potential of EVs alone to induce gene expression modifications in CLL B-cell, notably in BCR and apoptosis pathways. We concluded that a substantial part of communication between CLL B-cells and BM-ME is mediated through EV.
Extracellular vesicles of bone marrow stromal cells rescue chronic lymphocytic leukemia B cells from apoptosis, enhance their migration and induce gene expression modifications.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Human skin-derived precursor cells (hSKP) are a stem cell population that represents key candidates for cell based-therapy. Inflammation, however, is often present in situations where cellular replacement therapy is required. These inflammatory conditions, and more specifically the presence of the cytokine interferon (IFN)-, might result in an increase of MHC class II antigens in hSKP-derived grafts and facilitate their rejection.
Human skin-derived precursor cells are poorly immunogenic and modulate the allogeneic immune response.
Sex, Age, Specimen partView Samples
Purpose: There is growing evidence that interaction between stromal and tumor cells is pivotal in breast cancer progression and response to therapy. Since the pioneer work of Allinen et al. suggested that during breast cancer progression striking changes occur in CD10+ stromal cells, we aimed to better characterize this cell population and its clinical relevance.
Characterization and clinical evaluation of CD10+ stroma cells in the breast cancer microenvironment.
Specimen part, Disease stageView Samples
Dominant gain-of-function alleles of Arabidopsis phytochrome B were recently shown to confer light-independent, constitutive photomorphogenic (cop) phenotypes to transgenic plants (Su & Lagarias 2007 Plant Cell 19, 2124-2139). In the present study, comparative transcript profiling experiments were performed to assess whether the pattern of gene expression regulated by these alleles accurately reflects the process of photomorphogenesis in wild-type Arabidopsis. Whole genome transcriptional profiles of dark-grown phyAphyB seedlings expressing the Y276H mutant of phyB (YHB) revealed that YHB reprograms about 13% of the Arabidopsis transcriptome in a light-independent manner. The YHB-regulated transcriptome proved qualitatively similar to, but quantitatively greater than those of wild-type seedlings grown under 15 or 50 umol m-2 m-1 continuous red light (Rc). Among the 2977 genes statistically significant two-fold (SSTF) regulated by YHB in the absence of light include those encoding components of the photosynthetic apparatus, tetrapyrrole/pigment biosynthetic pathways and early light-responsive signaling factors. Approximately 80% of genes SSTF regulated by Rc were also YHB-modulated. Expression of a notable subset of 346 YHB-regulated genes proved to be strongly attenuated by Rc, indicating compensating regulation by phyC-E and/or other Rc-dependent processes. Since the majority of these 346 genes are regulated by the circadian clock, these results suggest that phyA- and phyB-independent light signaling pathway(s) strongly influence clock output. Together with the unique plastid morphology of dark-grown YHB seedlings, these analyses indicate that the YHB mutant induces constitutive photomorphogenesis via faithful reconstruction of phyB signaling pathways in a light-independent fashion.
A light-independent allele of phytochrome B faithfully recapitulates photomorphogenic transcriptional networks.
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Ageing is the biggest risk factor to cardiovascular health and is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease. Cellular senescence, a process driven in part by telomere shortening has been implicated in age-related cardiac dysfunction. However, the role of cellular senescence and its underlying mechanisms in slowly dividing/post-mitotic cardiomyocytes is not understood. Overall design: We quantify transcription via high throughput RNA sequencing in young (3 months) and old (20 months) mouse cardiomyocytes.
Length-independent telomere damage drives post-mitotic cardiomyocyte senescence.
Age, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
Background and Aims: Gene expression analysis of colon biopsies using high-density oligonucleotide microarray can contribute to the understanding of local pathophysiological alterations and to functional classification of precancerous adenoma, different stage colorectal carcinomas (CRC) and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).
Evaluation of microarray preprocessing algorithms based on concordance with RT-PCR in clinical samples.
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Natural grape-juice fermentations involve the sequential development of different yeast species which strongly influence the chemical and sensorial traits of the final product. In the present study,we aimed to examine the transcriptomic response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to the presence of Hanseniaspora guilliermondii wine fermentation.
Genomic expression program of Saccharomyces cerevisiae along a mixed-culture wine fermentation with Hanseniaspora guilliermondii.
Treatment, TimeView Samples