Two high throughput transcript sequencing methods, Digital Gene Expression (DGE) Tag Profiling and RNA-Seq, were used to compare the transcriptional profiles in wild-type (cv. Clark standard, CS) and a mutant (cv. Clark glabrous, i.e., trichomeless or hairless, CG) soybean isoline that carries the dominant P1 allele. DGE data and RNA-Seq data were mapped to the cDNAs (Glyma models) predicted from the reference soybean genome, Williams 82. Extending the model length by 250 bp at both ends resulted in significantly more matches of authentic DGE tags indicating that many of the predicted gene models are prematurely truncated at the 5' and 3' UTRs. The genome-wide comparative study of the transcript profiles of the wild-type versus mutant line revealed a number of differentially expressed genes. One highly-expressed gene, Glyma04g35130, in wild-type soybean was of interest as it has high homology to the cotton gene GhRDL1 gene that has been identified as being involved in cotton fiber initiation and is a member of the BURP protein family. Sequence comparison of Glyma04g35130 among Williams 82 with our sequences derived from CS and CG isolines revealed various SNPs and indels including addition of one nucleotide C in the CG and insertion of ~60 bp in the third exon of CS that causes a frameshift mutation and premature truncation of peptides in both lines as compared to Williams 82. Overall design: 2 samples examined: Clark standard (wild type) and Clark glabrous (soybean hairless mutant)
Transcript profiling reveals expression differences in wild-type and glabrous soybean lines.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Intercellular communication is critical for integrating complex signals in multicellular eukaryotes. Vascular endothelial cells and T lymphocytes closely interact during the recirculation and trans-endothelial migration of T cells. In addition to direct cell-cell contact, we show that T cell derived extracellular vesicles can interact with endothelial cells and modulate their cellular functions. Thrombospondin-1 and its receptor CD47 are expressed on exosomes/ectosomes derived from T cells, and these extracellular vesicles are internalized and modulate signaling in both T cells and endothelial cells. Extracellular vesicles released from cells expressing or lacking CD47 differentially regulate activation of T cells induced by engaging the T cell receptor. Similarly, T cell-derived extracellular vesicles modulate endothelial cell responses to vascular endothelial growth factor and tube formation in a CD47-dependent manner. Uptake of T cell derived extracellular vesicles by recipient endothelial cells globally alters gene expression in a CD47-dependent manner. CD47 also regulates the mRNA content of extracellular vesicles in a manner consistent with some of the resulting alterations in target endothelial cell gene expression. Therefore, the thrombospondin-1 receptor CD47 directly or indirectly regulates intercellular communication mediated by the transfer of extracellular vesicles between vascular cells.
CD47-dependent immunomodulatory and angiogenic activities of extracellular vesicles produced by T cells.
Specimen part, Cell line, TreatmentView Samples
Total RNA was prepared using TRIzol reagent from the pancreata of eight week old male mice. The genotypes were Control: gastrin+/-, CFTR+/+; and CF: gastrin+/-, CFTR-/-. All mice were on 95% black6, 5% 129Sv background. Mice were fed Peptamen from age 10 days to prevent intestinal obstruction.
Acidic duodenal pH alters gene expression in the cystic fibrosis mouse pancreas.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Purpose: we tested the hypothesis that Hltf deletion in placenta either caused or exacerbated neonatal hypoglycemia via Hif-1a regulation of nutrient transporters. Methods: Individual samples [1 term placenta/sample x 5 biological replicates for test and control littermate female mice = 10 total samples] were flash frozen and sent to Otogenetics Corp. (Norcross, GA) for RNA-seq assays. Paired-end 100 nucleotide reads were aligned to genomic assembly mm10 and analyzed using the platform provided by DNAnexus, Inc. (Mountain View, CA). Results: There was no measureable evidence of uteroplacental dysfunction or fetal compromise. Conclusion: Our study is the first to show only the truncated Hltf isoform is expressed in E18.5 term placenta, and we identified a functional link between alternative splicing of Hltf and immunosuppression at the feto-maternal interface. Overall design: Placental mRNA profiles of E18.5 term placenta from five wild type control and five Hltf null mouse samples were generated by deep sequencing by Illumina HiSeq2000/2500.
Alternative splicing of helicase-like transcription factor (Hltf): Intron retention-dependent activation of immune tolerance at the feto-maternal interface.
Specimen part, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
We attempted to identify alterations in gene expression that occur during the progression from normal breast to ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) with the aim to elucidate significant genes and pathways underlying the premalignant transformation. To determine the expression changes that are common to multiple DCIS models (MCF10.DCIS, SUM102 and SUM225) and normal mammary epithelial cells (MCF10A), we grew the cells in three dimensional overlay culture with reconstituted basement membrane and used the extracted RNA for 76 cycles of deep sequencing (mRNA-Seq) using Illumina Genome Analyzer GAIIx. Analysis of mRNA-Seq results showed 295 consistently differentially expressed transcripts in DCIS models as compared to MCF10A. These differentially expressed genes are associated with a number of signaling pathways such as integrin, fibroblast growth factor and TGFÃŸ signaling. Many differentially expressed transcripts in DCIS were found to be involved in cell-cell signaling, cell-cell adhesion and cell proliferation. We further investigated ALDH5A1 gene that encodes for the enzyme, aldehyde dehydrogenase 5A1, which is involved in glutamate metabolism. Further, inhibition of ALDH5A1 with different pharmacological drugs resulted in significant inhibition of cell growth and proliferation in the DCIS models. Overall design: Four cell lines examined: normal mammary epithelial cell line (one sample) and three ductal carcinoma in situ cell lines (three samples). Each sample has two duplicates
RNA-Seq of human breast ductal carcinoma in situ models reveals aldehyde dehydrogenase isoform 5A1 as a novel potential target.
Disease, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
Polycystic ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder that shows evidence of genetic predidposition among affected individuals. We have utilized the Microarray data from granulosa cells of normal and PCOS women for network construction.
Differential gene expression in granulosa cells from polycystic ovary syndrome patients with and without insulin resistance: identification of susceptibility gene sets through network analysis.
Specimen part, DiseaseView Samples
To date, miRNA and mRNA expression studies on cerebral ischemia in both human and animal models have focused mainly on acute phase of ischemic stroke. In this study, we present the roles played by microRNAs in the spontaneous recovery phases in cerebral ischemia using rodent stroke models.
microRNAs Involved in Regulating Spontaneous Recovery in Embolic Stroke Model.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
several genes are being regulated after injury at various time points and after cyclopamine treatment. Overall design: Examination of uninjured, 12hpi, 4dpi and cyclopamine treated 4dpi retinae with paired-end reads.
let-7 MicroRNA-Mediated Regulation of Shh Signaling and the Gene Regulatory Network Is Essential for Retina Regeneration.
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