Prospective isolation is critical to understand the cellular and molecular aspects of stem cell heterogeneity. Here we identify the cell surface antigen CD9 as a novel positive marker that provides a simple alternative for hematopoietic stem cell-isolation at high purity Overall design: mRNA profiles of LT and ST HSCs
The tetraspanin CD9 affords high-purity capture of all murine hematopoietic stem cells.
To discover novel growth factors for hematopoietic stem- and progenitor cells (HSPCs), we have assessed cytokine responses of cord blood (CB)-derived CD34+ cells in a high-content growth factor screen. We identify the immunoregulatory chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 28 (CCL28) as a novel growth factor that directly stimulates proliferation of primitive hematopoietic cells from different ontogenetic origins.
Identification of the chemokine CCL28 as a growth and survival factor for human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells.
Specimen partView Samples
Background: Global gene expression profiling has been widely used in lung cancer research to identify clinically relevant molecular subtypes as well as to predict prognosis and therapy response. So far, the value of these multi-gene signatures in clinical practice is unclear and the biological importance of individual genes is difficult to assess as the published signatures virtually do not overlap.
Biomarker discovery in non-small cell lung cancer: integrating gene expression profiling, meta-analysis, and tissue microarray validation.
Sex, AgeView Samples
TK2 deficiency causes severe mtDNA depeltion in several tissues, including skeletal muscle and heart. TK2 knockout mice grow slower and their skeletal muscles appeared significantly underdeveloped, whereas heart was close to normal size.
Gene expression deregulation in postnatal skeletal muscle of TK2 deficient mice reveals a lower pool of proliferating myogenic progenitor cells.
Age, Specimen partView Samples
Microarray based mRNA profiling was used to charactarize and compare the gene expression in cells grown as monolayer or spheroids.
Loss of cancer drug activity in colon cancer HCT-116 cells during spheroid formation in a new 3-D spheroid cell culture system.
Cell lineView Samples
Autologous chondrocyte transplantation (ACT) is a routine technique to regenerate focal cartilage lesions. However, patients with osteoarthritis (OA) are lacking an appropriate long-lasting treatment alternative, partly since it is not known if chondrocytes from OA patients have the same chondrogenic differentiation potential as chondrocytes from donors not affected by OA. Articular chondrocytes from patients with OA undergoing total knee replacement (Mankin Score >3, Ahlbck Score >2) and from patients undergoing ACT, here referred to as normal donors (ND), were isolated applying protocols used for ACT. Their chondrogenic differentiation potential was evaluated both in high-density pellet and scaffold (Hyaff-11) cultures by histological proteoglycan assessment (Bern Score) and immunohistochemistry for collagen types I and II. Chondrocytes cultured in monolayer and scaffolds were subjected to gene expression profiling using genome-wide oligonucleotide microarrays. Expression data were verified by using quantitative RT-PCR. Chondrocytes from ND and OA donors demonstrated accumulation of comparable amounts of cartilage matrix components, including sulphated proteoglycans and collagen types I and II. The mRNA expression of cartilage markers (COL2A1, COMP, aggrecan, CRTL1, SOX9) and genes involved in matrix synthesis (biglycan, COL9A2, COL11A1, TIMP4, CILP2) was highly induced in 3D cultures of chondrocytes from both donor groups. Genes associated with hypertrophic or OA cartilage (COL10A1, RUNX2, periostin, ALP, PTHR1, MMP13, COL1A1, COL3A1) were not significantly regulated between the two groups of donors. The expression of 661 genes, including COMP, FN1, and SOX9, were differentially regulated between OA and ND chondrocytes cultured in monolayer. During scaffold culture, the differences diminished between the OA and ND chondrocytes, and only 184 genes were differentially regulated. Only few genes were differentially expressed between OA and ND chondrocytes in Hyaff-11 culture. The risk of differentiation into hypertrophic cartilage does not seem to be increased for OA chondrocytes. Our findings suggest that the chondrogenic capacity is not significantly affected by OA and OA chondrocytes fulfill the requirements for matrix-associated ACT.
Chondrogenic differentiation potential of osteoarthritic chondrocytes and their possible use in matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation.
Specimen partView Samples
We synthesized the PAX8-NFE2L2 fusion transcript and cloned it into a lentiviral vector, and used this to overexpress it in the murine prostate adenocarcinoma cell line TRAMP-C1. Overall design: We used high coverage RNA sequencing (>30 million reads per sample) to compare the expression profiles of cells expressing the PAX8-NFE2L2 fusion transcript to cells transduced with an empty vector.
Global analysis of somatic structural genomic alterations and their impact on gene expression in diverse human cancers.
Specimen part, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
Intact living conduit vessels (umbilical veins) were exposed to normal or high intraluminal pressure, or low or high shear stress in combination with a physiological level of the other force. We used a unique vascular ex vivo perfusion system. After six hours of perfusion endothelial cells were isolated from the stimulated vessels and RNA was extracted. RNA from 16 experiments from each stimulation were pooled and analyzed in duplicate DNA microarrays.
Differential global gene expression response patterns of human endothelium exposed to shear stress and intraluminal pressure.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Genomic and expression profiling using 38K BAC array-CGH and Illumina HT-12 beadchips were performed on 97 diploid invasive breast tumors to assess the impact of gene dosage on gene expression patterns and the effect of other mechanisms on transcriptional levels. Patient stratification was performed according to axillary lymph node status (node-negative, pN0; node-positive, pN1) and overall survival (>8-year survivors; breast cancer-specific mortality within 8 years of diagnosis). Array-CGH results was validated by FISH using tumors showing HER2/neu gene amplification and expression profiling was confirmed using qPCR for 16 transcripts.
Clinical implications of gene dosage and gene expression patterns in diploid breast carcinoma.
Disease, Disease stageView Samples