Worms that inherited the sperm genome lacking the repressive mark H3K27me3 (K27me3 M+P-) misexpress genes in their germlines when compared to genetically identitical worms that inherited the sperm genome with H3K27me3 (K27me3 M+P+). Overall design: Transcriptome profiles of hermaphrodite germlines from hybrid worms that inherited the sperm genome with H3K27me3 (4 replicates of K27me3 M+P+) vs without H3K27me3 (4 replicates K27me3 M+P-) to compare to 4 replicates of 'wildtype'.
Sperm-inherited H3K27me3 impacts offspring transcription and development in C. elegans.
Specimen part, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
HIV1+ smokers develop emphysema at an earlier age and with a higher incidence than HIV1- smokers. Based on the knowledge that human alveolar macrophages (AM) are capable of producing proteases that degrade extracellular matrix components, we hypothesized that upregulation of AM matrix metalloproteinases may be associated with the emphysema of HIV1+ smokers. To test this hypothesis, microarray analysis was used to screen which MMP genes were expressed by AM isolated by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of HIV1+ smokers with early emphysema. For each of the MMP genes observed to be expressed (MMP-1, -2, -7, -9, -10, -12 and -14), TaqMan PCR was used to quantify the relative expression in AM from 4 groups of individuals: HIV1 healthy nonsmokers, HIV1- healthy smokers, HIV1- smokers with early emphysema and HIV1+ smokers with early emphysema. Strikingly, while AM gene expression of MMPs was higher in HIV1- individuals with emphysema in comparison with HIV1- healthy smokers, for the majority of the MMPs (-1, -7, -9, -10, -12), AM expression from HIV1+ smokers with early emphysema was significantly higher than HIV1- smokers with early emphysema. Consistent with these observations, HIV1+ individuals with early emphysema had higher levels of epithelial lining fluid MMPs (-2, -7, -9,-12) than the 3 HIV1 groups. Interestingly, the active forms of MMP-2, -9 and -12 were detected in epithelial lining fluid from HIV1+ individuals with early emphysema, but not in any of the other groups. Considering that the substrate specificity of the upregulated AM MMPs includes collagenases, gelatinases, matrilysins and elastase, these data suggest that upregulated AM MMP genes and activation of MMP proteins may contribute to the emphysema of HIV1+ individuals who smoke.
Up-regulation of alveolar macrophage matrix metalloproteinases in HIV1(+) smokers with early emphysema.
Sex, AgeView Samples
Human ES cells (hESCs) and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are usually generated and maintained on living feeder cells like mouse embryonic fibroblasts or on a cell-free substrate like Matrigel. For clinical applications, a quality-controlled, xenobiotic-free culture system is required to minimize risks from contaminating animal-derived pathogens and immunogens. We previously reported that the pericellular matrix of decidua-derived mesenchymal cells (PCM-DM) is an ideal human-derived substrate on which to maintain hiPSCs/hESCs. In this study, we examined whether PCM-DM could be used for the generation and long-term stable maintenance of hiPSCs. Decidua-derived mesenchymal cells (DMCs) were reprogrammed by the retroviral transduction of four factors (OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, c-MYC) and cultured on PCM-DM. The established hiPSC clones expressed alkaline phosphatase, hESC-specific genes and cell-surface markers, and differentiated into three germ layers in vitro and in vivo. At over 20 passages, the hiPSCs cultured on PCM-DM held the same cellular properties with genome integrity as those at early passages. Global gene expression analysis showed that the GDF3, FGF4, UTF1, and XIST expression levels varied during culture, and GATA6 was highly expressed under our culture conditions; however, these gene expressions did not affect the cells pluripotency. PCM-DM can be conveniently prepared from DMCs, which have a high proliferative potential. Our findings indicate that PCM-DM is a versatile and practical human-derived substrate that can be used for the feeder-cell-free generation and long-term stable maintenance of hiPSCs.
Feeder-free generation and long-term culture of human induced pluripotent stem cells using pericellular matrix of decidua derived mesenchymal cells.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Background: The first step in SARS-CoV-2 infection is binding of the virus to angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) on the airway epithelium. Asthma affects over 300 million people world-wide, many of whom may encounter SARS-CoV-2. Epidemiologic data suggests that asthmatics who get infected may be at increased risk of more severe disease. Our objective was to assess whether maintenance inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), a major treatment for asthma, is associated with airway ACE2 expression in asthmatics.
Up-regulation of ACE2, the SARS-CoV-2 receptor, in asthmatics on maintenance inhaled corticosteroids.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
While the survival rate of HIV-infected individuals has dramatically improved with the development of highly active anti-retroviral therapy, HIV-infected individuals have an increased risk for chronic disorders, including the development of COPD, manifesting as emphysema. The mechanisms of HIV-associated emphysema are not understood. Based on the knowledge that human airway basal cells (BC) function as stem/progenitor cells capable of differentiation into specialized ciliated and secretory cells during natural turnover and repair in response to injury, we hypothesized that HIV interacts with, and consequently induces pathologic programming of the BC that contributes to the development of emphysema. Overall design: Studies were designed to assess: (1) if HIV binds to, infects and/or replicates in BC; (2) identify which BC receptor(s) are responsible for HIV capture; and (3) the reprogramming of BC biology upon HIV exposure. Infectious HIVNL4-3 was used for all studies. Soluble heparan sulfate and heparinase III were used to prevent HIV/BC interactions. BC phenotypes after HIV exposure were assessed by TaqMan quantitative PCR, ELISA, phospho-MAPK array, protease array, cell invasion assay, and zymography.
HIV Reprograms Human Airway Basal Stem/Progenitor Cells to Acquire a Tissue-Destructive Phenotype.
Specimen part, Disease, Disease stage, SubjectView Samples
EVI1 is one of the famous poor prognostic markers for a chemotherapy-resistant acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To identify molecular targets on the surface of leukemia cells with EVI1high expression, we compared the gene expression profiles of several AML cell lines by DNA microarray
CD52 as a molecular target for immunotherapy to treat acute myeloid leukemia with high EVI1 expression.
Cell lineView Samples
Assisted reproductive technologies, including in vitro fertilization (IVF), are now frequently used, and increasing evidence indicates that IVF causes gene expression changes in children and adolescents that increase the risk of metabolic diseases. Although such gene expression changes are thought to be due to IVF-induced epigenetic changes, the mechanism remains elusive.
The transcription factor ATF7 mediates <i>in vitro</i> fertilization-induced gene expression changes in mouse liver.
Specimen partView Samples
To identify novel Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma (PPARg) responsive secretory and/or transmembrane genes that is related to obesity, we integrated the expression data from the adipose tissue derived from obese mice with the other two data sets: expression profiling of adipocyte differentiation using ST2 cells and siRNA-mediated knockdown of Pparg during ST2 cell adipogenesis.
Fam57b (family with sequence similarity 57, member B), a novel peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ target gene that regulates adipogenesis through ceramide synthesis.
Specimen partView Samples
Trithorax group (TrxG) and Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are two mutually antagonistic chromatin modifying complexes, however, how they together mediate transcriptional counterregulation remains unknown. Genome-wide analysis revealed that binding of Ezh2 and Menin, central members of the PcG and TrxG complexes, respectively, were reciprocally correlated. Moreover, we identified a developmental change in the positioning of Ezh2 and Menin in differentiated T lymphocytes compared to embryonic stem cells. Ezh2-binding upstream and Menin-binding downstream of the transcription start site (TSS) was frequently found at genes with higher transcriptional levels, and Ezh2-binding downstream and Menin-binding upstream was found at genes with lower expression in T lymphocytes. Interestingly, of the Ezh2 and Menin co-occupied genes, those exhibiting occupancy at the same position displayed greatly enhanced sensitivity to loss of Ezh2. Finally, we also found that different combinations of Ezh2 and Menin occupancy were associated with expression of specific functional gene groups important for T cell development. Therefore, spatial cooperative gene regulation by the PcG and TrxG complexes may represent a novel mechanism regulating the transcriptional identity of differentiated cells. Overall design: Gene expression profiles of ES cells, B cells and T cells are assessed by RNA-seq.
Spatial Interplay between Polycomb and Trithorax Complexes Controls Transcriptional Activity in T Lymphocytes.
Specimen part, Cell line, Treatment, SubjectView Samples