In a randomized controlled dietary intervention study, we compared a diet enriched in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) with a diet enriched in saturated fatty acids (SFA) for influence on abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue gene expression. We studied young lean adults; 11 women and 25 men. There was no significant difference in age, BMI, or gene expression between the PUFA and SFA groups before the intervention. The intervention lasted for seven weeks.
Overfeeding polyunsaturated and saturated fat causes distinct effects on liver and visceral fat accumulation in humans.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, Treatment, Subject, TimeView Samples
63 melanoma cell lines hybridized to Affymetrix Hu133_Plus 2 oligo arrays. The aim of this study was to identify potential downstream targets of key oncogenes and TSGs in melanoma (including p14ARF, p16INK4A, BRAF etc).
Confirmation of a BRAF mutation-associated gene expression signature in melanoma.
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The goal of this set of experiments was to identify transcripts that are differentially expressed upon reactivation of NMD in an nmd2::HIS3 strain by galactose-induced expression of the NMD2 gene.
Association of yeast Upf1p with direct substrates of the NMD pathway.
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Comparison of global transcription profiles in salivary glands from wild-type and JIL-1 null mutant larvae revealed that the expression levels of 1539 genes changed at least two-fold in the mutant and that a substantial number (49%) of these genes were upregulated whereas 51% were downregulated. Overall design: Examination of 2 different transcriptome in 2 genotypes with two replicates.
Genome-wide analysis of regulation of gene expression and H3K9me2 distribution by JIL-1 kinase mediated histone H3S10 phosphorylation in Drosophila.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Analysis of gene expression in pof deletion mutants. Chromosome 4 genes are down-regulated in pof mutants compared to wildtype control. 200 Drosophila melanogaster first instar larvae were used for each of three biological replicates of y1 w67c23; PofD119/PofD119 and three biological replicates of y1 w67c23 as controls.
Painting of fourth and chromosome-wide regulation of the 4th chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
The transition of skotomorphogenesis to photomorphogenesis is induced by the perception of light and is characterized by the inhibition of hypocotyl elongation and opening of cotyledons. Although it is known that the plant hormone cytokinin, when applied in high concentrations, inhibits hypocotyl elongation in the dark-grown Arabidopsis plants, it is unclear to what extent this response is the result of cytokinin alone or cytokinin-induced ethylene production. We show that treatment of etiolated seedlings in presence of ethylene inhibitors (eg. AgNO3) or treatment of the ethylene-resistant mutant ein2, resulted in a significant inhibition of hypocotyl elongation. This indicates that cytokinin induced de-etiolation is largely independent of ethylene and suggests a close connection between the cytokinin two component system and the light singalling networks. We show that this cytokinin signal is mainly mediated through the cytokinin receptor ARIBIDOPSIS HISTIDIN KINASE 3 (AHK3) and the ARABIDOPSIS RESPONSE REGULATORS 1 (ARR1) in combination with ARR12. Interestingly, mutation of COP1, DET1 and CIN4/COP10 renders plants insensitive to cytokinin and these factors are indispensable for the transcriptional response during cytokinin induced de-etiolation which indicates that a functional light signaling pathway is essential for this cytokinin response. In addition, the cytokinin effect on hypocotyl elongation is highly dependent on the ambient light conditions where higher light intensities causes a switch in the response to CK from an inhibitor to a promoter of hypocotyl elongation. Overall design: Investigation of the effect of 3 µM BA in presence of 10 µM AgNO3 on hypocotyl elongation in 4-days-old etiolated Arabidopsis seedlings, in triplicate, using RNA-seq analysis
Ethylene-independent promotion of photomorphogenesis in the dark by cytokinin requires COP1 and the CDD complex.
Age, Specimen part, Treatment, SubjectView Samples
Aim was to identify cellular factors that regulate HPV-16 late gene expression at the level of RNA processing
Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein C Proteins Interact with the Human Papillomavirus Type 16 (HPV16) Early 3'-Untranslated Region and Alleviate Suppression of HPV16 Late L1 mRNA Splicing.
Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples
The choroid plexuses (ChPs) are the main regulators of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) composition and thereby also control the composition of a principal source of signaling molecules that is in direct contact with neural stem cells in the developing brain. The regulators of ChP development mediating the acquisition of a fate that differs from the neighboring neuroepithelial cells are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate in mice a crucial role for the transcription factor Otx2 in the development and maintenance of ChP cells. Deletion of Otx2 by the Otx2-CreERT2 driver line at E9 resulted in a lack of all ChPs, whereas deletion by the Gdf7-Cre driver line affected predominately the hindbrain ChP, which was reduced in size, primarily owing to an increase in apoptosis upon Otx2 deletion. Strikingly, Otx2 was still required for the maintenance of hindbrain ChP cells at later stages when Otx2 deletion was induced at E15, demonstrating a central role of Otx2 in ChP development and maintenance. Moreover, the predominant defects in the hindbrain ChP mediated by Gdf7-Cre deletion of Otx2 revealed its key role in regulating early CSF composition, which was altered in protein content, including the levels of Wnt4 and the Wnt modulator Tgm2. Accordingly, proliferation and Wnt signaling levels were increased in the distant cerebral cortex, suggesting a role of the hindbrain ChP in regulating CSF composition, including key signaling molecules. Thus, Otx2 acts as a master regulator of ChP development, thereby influencing one of the principal sources of signaling in the developing brain, the CSF.
The transcription factor Otx2 regulates choroid plexus development and function.