Filtered selection coupled with support vector machines generate functionally relevant prediction model for colorectal cancer. In this study, we built a model that uses Support Vector Machine (SVM) to classify cancer and normal samples using Affymetrix exon microarray data obtained from 90 samples of 48 patients diagnosed with CRC. From the 22,011 genes, we selected the 20, 30, 50, 100, 200, 300 and 500 genes most relevant to CRC using the Minimum-RedundancyMaximum-Relevance (mRMR) technique. With these gene sets, an SVM model was designed using four different kernel types (linear, polynomial, radial basis function and sigmoid).
Filtered selection coupled with support vector machines generate a functionally relevant prediction model for colorectal cancer.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, Disease stageView Samples
Phosphate is essential for healthy bone growth and plays an essential role in fracture repair. Although phosphate deficiency has been shown to impair fracture healing, the mechanisms involved in impaired healing are unknown. More recently, studies have shown that the effect of phosphate deficiency on the repair process varied based on the genetic strain of mice, which is not characterized.
Hypophosphatemia Regulates Molecular Mechanisms of Circadian Rhythm.
Sex, Specimen part, TimeView Samples
The molecular mechanisms by which individuals subjected to environmental heat stress either adapt or develop heat-related complications are not well understood. We analysed the changes in blood mononuclear gene expression patterns in human volunteers exposed to an extreme heat in a sauna (temperature of 78 6 C).
A Model of Exposure to Extreme Environmental Heat Uncovers the Human Transcriptome to Heat Stress.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, Treatment, Subject, TimeView Samples
Mature B cells leave the bone marrow as naïve B cells and migrate to the secondary lymphoid organs where they encounter the antigen for the first time. This interaction stimulates B cells to rapidly grow and form characteristic histological structures called germinal center. In the germinal centers, B cells are targeted by mechanisms of genetic editing of the immunoglobulin loci, namely somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination, undergo selection for high affinity immunoglobulin receptors and are committed to differentiate into memory B cells or plasma cells. GCs display two histological areas the dark and the light zone that have been characterized as functionally distinct compartments through which B cells recycle multiple times during the germinal center reaction. Overall design: Naïve, germinal center and memory B cells were isolated from three independent donors each.
MEF2B Instructs Germinal Center Development and Acts as an Oncogene in B Cell Lymphomagenesis.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
The 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D metabolite (24R,25D) has long been suspected of participating to bone fracture repair. We used Cyp24a1-deficient mice, unable to produce 24R25D, to observe gene expression in callus tissue compared to that of control littermates.
Optimal bone fracture repair requires 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its effector molecule FAM57B2.
Age, Specimen part, Treatment, TimeView Samples
Expression data from CD34+ hematopoietic cells transduced with control or anti-SLPI shRNA, serum starved and treated with G-CSF.
A lack of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) causes defects in granulocytic differentiation.
Specimen partView Samples
Somatic mutations of the MLL2 methyltransferase gene represent a common genetic lesion in multiple cancer types. In diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and follicular lymphoma (FL) (collectively, over 70% of all lymphoma diagnoses), these mutations are highly recurrent and appear early during transformation, possibly in pre-malignant precursors. Here we show that FL- and DLBCL-associated MLL2 mutations impair its enzymatic activity and lead to diminished global H3K4 methylation in normal germinal-center (GC) B cells and DLBCL, consistent with the enrichment of MLL2 binding at enhancer and promoter regions marked by mono- and tri-methylation. Conditional deletion of Mll2 early during B cell development, but not after initiation of the GC reaction, leads to increased percentages and numbers of GC B cells, which feature a distinct transcriptional profile defined by the enrichment of cell-cycle regulatory and B-cell receptor signaling genes. Consistently, Mll2-deficient B cells exhibit proliferative advantage and accumulation in the S phase of the cell cycle, which is influenced by the number of cell divisions. While GC-specific loss of Mll2 was not sufficient to initiate malignant transformation, compound Mll2-deficient/BCL2-transgenic mice displayed an increased incidence of clonal lymphoproliferations resembling the features of human FL and DLBCL. These findings suggest that early MLL2 loss favors BCL2-induced lymphomagenesis by remodeling the epigenetic landscape of the cancer precursor cells. Eradication of MLL2-deficient cells may represent a rational therapeutic approach targeting early tumorigenic events.
Disruption of KMT2D perturbs germinal center B cell development and promotes lymphomagenesis.
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Inactivating mutations of the gene encoding for the CREBBP acetyltransferase are highly frequent in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL, 30% of cases) and follicular lymphoma (FL, 60% of cases), the two most common cancers derived from thegerminal-center (GC). However, the role of CREBBP inactivation in lymphomagenesisremains unclear. Using functional epigenomics and mouse genetics, here we definethe program modulated by CREBBP in primary human GC B cells and show thatCREBBP regulates enhancer/super-enhancer networks, with specific roles in GC/post-GC cell fate decisions. Conditional GC-specific deletion of Crebbp in the mouseperturbs the expression of a limited set of genes involved in the regulation of signaltransduction (BCR, TLR and CD40), lineage specification (NF-B and BCL6) andterminal B cell differentiation (PRDM1, IRF4). Consistently, Crebbp-deficient B cellsexhibit proliferative advantage and show impaired plasma cell differentiation. WhileGC-specific loss of Crebbp was not sufficient to initiate malignant transformation,compound Crebbp-haploinsufficient/BCL2-transgenic mice, mimicking the genetics ofFL and DLBCL, display an increased incidence of clonal lymphoid malignanciesrecapitulating the features of the human diseases. These findings establish CREBBPas a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor gene in GC B cells and provide insights intothe mechanisms and targes by which loss of CREBBP contributes to lymphomagenesis.
The CREBBP Acetyltransferase Is a Haploinsufficient Tumor Suppressor in B-cell Lymphoma.
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Pluripotent stem cells can switch their unique metabolic requirements to facilitate cellular changes but it is not clear if adult stem cells utilize metabolism in a similar manner. Here we studied the metabolism of a human adult stem cell: dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). The dental pulp from third molars of a diverse patient group was surgically extracted, generating cells that had a high percentage of mesenchymal stem cell markers CD29, CD44, CD146 and Stro1 and had the ability to differentiate into osteogenic and adipogenic lineages. Through RNA seq analysis we identified homeobox protein, Barx1, as a marker for DPSCs. Furthermore, using high throughput proteomic analysis we identified markers for DPSC populations with accelerated replicative senescence. In particular, we show that the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ÃŸ) pathway and the proteins associated with muscle contraction are upregulated in rapid aging DPSCs, indicating a loss of stem cell characteristics and spontaneous initiation of terminal differentiation. Importantly, using metabolic flux analysis, we identified a metabolic signature for the rapid aging DPSCs. This metabolic signature can be used to predict the onset of replicative senescence phenotypes. Hence, the present study identifies Barx1 as a DPSCs marker and dissects the first predictive metabolic signature for DPSCs aging. Overall design: We did RNA-seq of dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) using our own approach (ID# 29, 43, 44, 45), as well as commercial DPSC and mesenchymal stem cells (MCS) from Lonza.
Metabolism as an early predictor of DPSCs aging.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Single-cell sorted cells from the osteocytic cell line Ocy454 were screened for high- and low-Sost/sclerostin expression to see changes in other gene expressions related to Sost/sclerostin.
Carbonic anhydrase III protects osteocytes from oxidative stress.
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