Gene expression in placenta from 5 smoking and 5 non-smoking mothers analyzed by Affymetrix Hg133_plus2 microarrays.
Microarray analysis of the global alterations in the gene expression in the placentas from cigarette-smoking mothers.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
The effect of prototypical pregnane receptor X (PXR) agonist (pregnenolone 16-carbonitrile) PCN on hepatic gene expression was studied in mice primary hepatocytes.
Activation of nuclear receptor PXR impairs glucose tolerance and dysregulates GLUT2 expression and subcellular localization in liver.
Sex, TreatmentView Samples
The neurite outgrowth inhibitory myelin protein Nogo-A has been well studied in the context of central nervous system (CNS) injury and disease. We studied the effects of the application of neutralizing anti-Nogo-A antibodies (11C7 and 7B12) in intact CNS tissue in vitro using rat organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. This study had the purpose of elucidating the role of Nogo-A in the adult intact CNS and determining the consequences of its neutralization through antibody application.
Neutralization of the membrane protein Nogo-A enhances growth and reactive sprouting in established organotypic hippocampal slice cultures.
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Immunity to malaria can be acquired through natural exposure to Plasmodium falciparum (Pf), but only after years of repeated infections. Typically, this immunity is acquired by adolescence and confers protection against disease, but not Pf infection per se. Efforts to understand the mechanisms of this immunity are integral to the development of a vaccine that would mimic the induction of adult immunity in children. The current study applies transcriptomic analyses to a cohort from the rural village of Kalifabougou, Mali, where Pf transmission is intense and seasonal. Signatures that correlate with protection from malaria may yield new hypotheses regarding the biological mechanisms through which malaria immunity is induced by natural Pf infection. The resulting datasets will be of considerable value in the urgent worldwide effort to develop a malaria vaccine that could prevent more than a million deaths annually. Overall design: 108 samples; paired pre- and post-challenge for 54 individuals 198 samples; paired pre- and post-challenge for 99 individuals
Transcriptomic evidence for modulation of host inflammatory responses during febrile Plasmodium falciparum malaria.
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Thousands of long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) are encoded by the mammalian genome, which were reported to have multiple biological functions as transcriptional activators acting in cis 1 or trans 2, transcriptional repressors 3,4 or miRNAs decoys 5,6. However, the function of most lincRNAs has not yet been identified in vivo. Here, we demonstrate a role for linc-MYH, a novel long intergenic noncoding RNA, in adult fast-type myofibre specialization. Skeletal myofibre fast and slow phenotypes are established through differential expression of numerous fibre-specific genes7. We show linc-MYH and the fast MYH genes share a common enhancer located in the fast MYH genes locus and regulated by the Six1 homeoproteins. Muscle-specific Six1 mutant mice show increased expression of slow-type genes, and downregulation of linc-MYH and fast-type genes. linc-MYH function revealed by in vivo knockdown and wide transcriptomic analysis, is in fine to prevent expression of genes ensuring slow muscle contractile properties, and to increase fast-type muscle gene expression in fast-type myofibres. Thus, formation of efficient fast sarcomeric units and appropriate Ca++ cycling and excitation/contraction/relaxation coupling in fast- myofibres is achieved through the coordiante control of fast MYHs and linc-MYH expression by a Six bound enhancer.
Six homeoproteins and a Iinc-RNA at the fast MYH locus lock fast myofiber terminal phenotype.
Age, Specimen partView Samples
Psychological, psychosocial and physical stress are major risk factors, which enhance the development of sporadic late-onset Alzheimer`s disease. The chronic unpredictable mild stress model mimics those risk factors and triggers signs of neurodegeneration and neuropathological features of sporadic AD such as tau hyperphosphorylation and enhanced amyloid beta generation. The study investigated the impact of chronic unpredictable mild stress on signs of neurodegeneration by analyzing hippocampal gene expression with whole genome microarray gene expression profiling.
Inhibition of ACE Retards Tau Hyperphosphorylation and Signs of Neuronal Degeneration in Aged Rats Subjected to Chronic Mild Stress.
Sex, Age, Specimen partView Samples
Expression profiles in WT MEF at different circadian time point after dexamethasone synchronyzation.
Cycles in spatial and temporal chromosomal organization driven by the circadian clock.
Specimen part, TimeView Samples
Purine catabolism is regarded as a housekeeping function that remobilizes nitrogen for plant growth and development. However, emerging evidence suggests that certain purine metabolites might contribute to stress protection of plants. Here, we show that in Arabidopsis, the intermediary metabolite allantoin plays a role in abiotic stress tolerance via activation of abscisic acid (ABA) metabolism. The aln loss-of-function of ALN, encoding allantoinase, results in increased allantoin accumulation, genome-wide up-regulation of stress-related genes, and enhanced tolerance to drought-shock and osmotic stress in aln mutant seedlings. This phenotype is not caused by a general response to purine catabolism inhibition, but rather results from a specific effect of allantoin. Allantoin activates ABA production both through increased transcription of NCED3, encoding a key enzyme in ABA biosynthesis, and through post-translational activation via high-molecular-weight complex formation of BG1, a -glucosidase hydrolyzing glucose-conjugated ABA. Exogenous application of allantoin to wild-type plants also activates the two ABA-producing pathways that lead to ABA accumulation and stress-responsive gene expression, but this effect is abrogated in ABA-deficient and BG1-knockout mutants. We propose that purine catabolism functions not only in nitrogen metabolism, but also in stress tolerance by influencing ABA production, which is mediated by the possible regulatory action of allantoin.
The purine metabolite allantoin enhances abiotic stress tolerance through synergistic activation of abscisic acid metabolism.
Specimen partView Samples
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and their cellular response to various stimuli have been characterized in great detail in culture conditions. In contrast, the cellular response of MSCs in an in vivo setting is still uncharted territory. In this study, we investigated the cellular response of MSCs following transplantation into spinal cord injury (SCI).Mouse bone marrow-derived MSCs were transplanted 24h following severe contusion SCI in mice. As controls, MSCs transplanted to uninjured spinal cord and non-transplanted MSCs were used. At seven days post transplantation, the MSCs were isolated from the SCI, and their global transcriptional changes investigated using RNA-sequencing. We found that MSCs transplanted into SCI down-regulate their response to cytokines, tendency to adhere and to undergo phagocytosis but up-regulate their ability to repair DNA and proliferate. Overall design: Evaluation of transcriptional changes in transplanted mesenchymal stem cells.
Mesenchymal stem cells transplanted into spinal cord injury adopt immune cell-like characteristics.