Genome-wide expression studies were performed on dermal fibroblasts from Sotos syndrome patients with a confirmed NSD1 abnormality and compared with age-sex matched controls.
Sotos syndrome is associated with deregulation of the MAPK/ERK-signaling pathway.
Specimen part, Disease, Disease stage, TreatmentView Samples
Postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) is associated with many diseases and conditions, but the underlying molecular mechanisms involved are incompletely understood. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of 4 types of HT on gene transcription. 24 women (6 women in 4 treatment groups) received 2 mg 17-estradiol combined with 1 mg noresthisterone acetate (NETA), 1 mg 17-estradiol combined with 0.5 mg NETA, tibolone, or raloxifene hydrochloride. RNA was isolated from whole blood before treatment (baseline) and after 6 weeks on treatment. The changes in mRNA from baseline to 6 weeks were assessed with a microarray chip.
A microarray study on the effect of four hormone therapy regimens on gene transcription in whole blood from healthy postmenopausal women.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
The similarity in gene-expression profiles suggest that PGL2, like SDHD, is involved in the functionality of the SDH complex, and that tumor formation in these three subgroups involves the same pathways as in SDH linked paragangliomas. We were not able to clarify the identity of PGL2 on 11q13. The lack of differential gene-expression of chromosome 11 genes might indicate that chromosome 11 loss, as demonstrated in SDHD-linked paragangliomas, is an important feature in the formation of a paraganglioma regardless of the genetic background.
Similar gene expression profiles of sporadic, PGL2-, and SDHD-linked paragangliomas suggest a common pathway to tumorigenesis.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Solid tumors are less oxygenated than normal tissues, and for this reason the cancer cells have developed several molecular mechanisms of adaptation to hypoxic environment. Moreover, his poor oxygenation is a major indicator of an adverse prognosis and leads resistance to standard anticancer treatment. Previous reports from this laboratory showed an involvement of Che-1/AATF (Che-1) in cancer cell survival under stress conditions, and on the basis of these observations, we hypothesized that Che-1 might have a role in the response of cancer cells to hypoxia. Methods: The human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HCT116 depleted or not for Che-1 by siRNA, was subjected to normoxic and hypoxic conditions to perform studies about the role of this protein in metabolic adaptation and cell proliferation. The expression of Che-1 under normoxia or hypoxia was detected using western blot assays; cell metabolism was assessed by NMR spectroscopy and functional assays. Further molecular studies were performed by RNA seq, qRT-PCR and ChIP analysis. Results: In this paper we report that Che-1 expression is required for the adaptation of the cells to hypoxia, playing and important role in metabolic modulation. Indeed, Che-1 depletion impacted on glycolysis by altering the expression of several genes involved in the response to hypoxia by modulating the levels of HIF-1alpha. Conclusions: These data demonstrate a novel player in the regulation of a HIF1alpha in response to hypoxia. We found that the transcriptional down-regulation of a members of E3 ubiquitin ligase family SIAH2 by Che-1, produces a failure in the degradation by the hydroxylase PHD3 with a decrease in HIF-1alpha levels during hypoxia. Overall design: The human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HCT116 depleted or not for Che-1 by siRNA was profiled for mRNA high-troughput sequencing (RNA-seq)
Che-1 sustains hypoxic response of colorectal cancer cells by affecting Hif-1α stabilization.
Cell line, SubjectView Samples
Closure or patency of the ductus arteriosus is a critical event in neonatal life. We aimed to identify genes that are specifically expressed in the ductus arteriosus versus (the non-closing) aorta
Dlx1 and Rgs5 in the ductus arteriosus: vessel-specific genes identified by transcriptional profiling of laser-capture microdissected endothelial and smooth muscle cells.
Specimen partView Samples
We used human fetal bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hfMSCs) differentiating towards chondrocytes as an alternative model for the human growth plate (GP). Our aims were to study gene expression patterns associated with chondrogenic differentiation to assess whether chondrocytes derived from hfMSCs are a suitable model for studying the development and maturation of the GP. hfMSCs efficiently formed hyaline cartilage in a pellet culture in the presence of TGFB3 and BMP6. Microarray and principal component analysis were applied to study gene expression profiles during chondrogenic differentiation. A set of 232 genes was found to correlate with in vitro cartilage formation. Several identified genes are known to be involved in cartilage formation and validate the robustness of the differentiating hfMSC model. KEGG pathway analysis using the 232 genes revealed 9 significant signaling pathways correlated with cartilage formation. To determine the progression of growth plate cartilage formation, we compared the gene expression profile of differentiating hfMSCs with previously established expression profiles of epiphyseal GP cartilage. As differentiation towards chondrocytes proceeds, hfMSCs gradually obtain a gene expression profile resembling epiphyseal GP cartilage. We visualized the differences in gene expression profiles as protein interaction clusters and identified many protein clusters that are activated during the early chondrogenic differentiation of hfMSCs showing the potential of this system to study GP development. To determine the progression of growth plate cartilage formation, we compared the gene expression profile of differentiating hfMSCs with previously established expression profiles of epiphyseal GP cartilage. As differentiation towards chondrocytes proceeds, hfMSCs gradually obtain a gene expression profile resembling epiphyseal GP cartilage. We visualized the differences in gene expression profiles as protein interaction clusters and identified many protein clusters that are activated during the early chondrogenic differentiation of hfMSCs showing the potential of this system to study GP development.
Fetal mesenchymal stromal cells differentiating towards chondrocytes acquire a gene expression profile resembling human growth plate cartilage.
Specimen part, TimeView Samples
Analysis of transcriptional differences between control and RA-treated cells during cardiac differentiation. The hypothesis tested in these samples is that addition of RA during differentiation towards atrial-like cardiomyocytes while control cells treated with DMSO result in ventricular-like cardiomyocytes. Overall design: NKX2.5 (eGFP/w)-hESCs were differentiated to cardiomyocytes with spin EB protocol, with the addition of RA or DMSO. Cells were sorted at day-31 based on GFP resulting in CTplus, CTminus, RAplus or RAminus goups. RNA was isolated from each of these fractions for sequencing.
KeyGenes, a Tool to Probe Tissue Differentiation Using a Human Fetal Transcriptional Atlas.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Che-1 is a RNA Polymerase II binding protein involved in the regulation of gene transcription. Che-1 emerges as an important adaptor that connects transcriptional regulation, cell-cycle progression, checkpoint control, and apoptosis.
Che-1-induced inhibition of mTOR pathway enables stress-induced autophagy.
Cell line, TreatmentView Samples
Activation or maintenance of a leukemia stem cell self-renewal pathway in downstream myeloid cells is an important component of AML development
The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway is required for the development of leukemia stem cells in AML.
Specimen partView Samples
Mitochondrial defects are associated with a spectrum of human disorders, ranging from rare, inborn errors of metabolism to common, age-associated diseases such as diabetes and neurodegeneration. In lower organisms, genetic retrograde signaling programs have been identified that promote cellular and organism survival in the face of mitochondrial dysfunction. Here, we characterized the transcriptional component of the human mitochondrial retrograde response in an inducible model of mitochondrial dysfunction.
Mitochondrial dysfunction remodels one-carbon metabolism in human cells.
Cell lineView Samples