Developing osteoblasts undergo a sequence of three consecutive phases: cell proliferation, extracellular matrix maturation, and mineralization. We investigated pH effects on these phases using the osteoblast-like cell line MC3T3-E1.
MC3T3 osteoblast-like cells cultured at alkaline pH: Microarray data (Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse 2.0 ST).
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
Bariatric surgery, an effective treatment for obesity and diabetes, leads to profound remodeling of whole body energy homeostasis. We utilized a mouse model of vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG), a common bariatric surgery as a tool to identify novel secreted proteins and peptides that might act as important metabolic regulators. We analyzed gene expression in the stomach and intestines following VSG or sham surgery in diet-induced obese mice and sought to identify differentially regulated genes encoding secreted proteins/peptides. Overall design: Gene expression analysis of 5 different mouse intestinal tissues after VSG or sham surgery
LEAP2 Is an Endogenous Antagonist of the Ghrelin Receptor.
Specimen part, Treatment, SubjectView Samples
This study investigated the use of three different established cell sorting strategies to isolate and characterize stem cells from head and neck cancer cell lines.
Isolation and genomic characterization of stem cells in head and neck cancer.
Cell lineView Samples
Low passage head and neck squamous cancer cells (UT-14-SCC) were injected into the flanks of female nu/nu mice to generate xenografts. After tumors reached a size of 500mm3, they were treated with either sham RT or 15 Gy in one fraction.
Gene expression changes during repopulation in a head and neck cancer xenograft.
Cell lineView Samples
Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (aRMS) is an aggressive sarcoma of skeletal muscle characterized by expression of the PAX3-FOXO1 fusion gene. Despite its discovery over almost 20 years ago, PAX3-FOXO1 remains an enigmatic tumor driver. Previously, we reported that PAX3-FOXO1 supports aRMS initiation by enabling bypass of cellular senescence. Here, we show that bypass occurs in part by PAX3-FOXO1-mediated upregulation of RASSF4, a Ras-association domain family (RASSF) member, which then suppresses the evolutionarily conserved mammalian Hippo/Mst1 pathway. RASSF4 loss-of-function activates Hippo/Mst1 and inhibits downstream YAP, causing aRMS cell cycle arrest and senescence. This is the first evidence for an oncogenic role for RASSF4, and a novel mechanism for Hippo signaling suppression in human cancer.
Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma-associated PAX3-FOXO1 promotes tumorigenesis via Hippo pathway suppression.
Cell line, TreatmentView Samples
The effectiveness of new cancer therapies such as checkpoint blockade and adoptive cell transfer of activated anti-tumor T cells requires overcoming immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments. We found that the activation of tumor-infiltrating myeloid cells to produce local nitric oxide is a prerequisite for adoptively transferred CD8+ cytotoxic T cells to destroy tumors. These myeloid cells are phenotypically similar to Tip-DCs or nitric oxide- and TNF-producing dendritic cells. The nitric oxide-dependent killing was tempered by coincident arginase 1 expression, which competes with iNOS for arginine, the substrate for nitric oxide production. Depletion of immunosuppressive CSF-1R-dependent arginase 1+ myeloid cells enhanced nitric oxide-dependent tumor killing. Tumor killing via iNOS was independent of the microbiota but dependent on the CD40-CD40L pathway and, in part, lymphotoxin alpha. We extended our findings in mice to uncover a strong correlation between iNOS, CD40 and TNF expression and survival in colorectal cancer patients. Our results identify a network of anti-tumor targets to boost the efficacy of cancer immunotherapies.
T Cell Cancer Therapy Requires CD40-CD40L Activation of Tumor Necrosis Factor and Inducible Nitric-Oxide-Synthase-Producing Dendritic Cells.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Transcripomic analysis of leaf gene expression in S and N-deficient winter wheat during grain development. Tissue was harvested at anthesis and 7, 14 and 21 days post anthesis from experimental field plots.
Co-ordinated expression of amino acid metabolism in response to N and S deficiency during wheat grain filling.
Specimen part, Disease, Disease stage, Subject, TimeView Samples
Mutations in GRIN2B are associated with intellectual disability in humans. We generated iPSC derived mature cortical neurons with mutations in GRIN2B and compared them to isogenic control cells. We found that both loss of function (LOF) and reduced dosage (RD) mutations in GRIN2B lead to reduced expression of NMDAR genes and increased expression of marker of immaturity, including KI67 and MET. Overall design: Examination of transcriptome in iPSC-derved mature neurons with and without the presence of mutations in GRIN2B
Disruption of GRIN2B Impairs Differentiation in Human Neurons.
To probe the tissue source (cancer cell VS stromal cell) of gene expression in the mixed tumor samples, we took advantage of a set of Urothelial Cancer patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models given that the transcriptome in these models is a mixture of human RNA (derived from cancer cells) and mouse RNA (derived from stromal cells). Overall design: The cohort includes 5 different patient-derived PDX models, 3 replicates for each model, and thus a total of 15 samples
EMT- and stroma-related gene expression and resistance to PD-1 blockade in urothelial cancer.
To identify novel LXR target genes, we conducted transcriptional profiling studies using RAW264.7 cells ectopically expressing
Apoptotic cells promote their own clearance and immune tolerance through activation of the nuclear receptor LXR.
Cell lineView Samples