To investigate the effects of quality of fat in a high fat diet (HFD) over time on hepatic lipid storage and transcriptome in mice.
Eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid-enriched high fat diet delays the development of fatty liver in mice.
Sex, Specimen part, TimeView Samples
Identifying molecular effects between herring and beef diet in Ldlr-/- mice
Identifying molecular effects of diet through systems biology: influence of herring diet on sterol metabolism and protein turnover in mice.
Specimen partView Samples
We analyzed the global effect of c-Myb knockdown by sequencing the transcriptomes of K-562 cells transfected with control siRNA and si2992 (MYB knockdown), as well as K-562 cells stably expressing TY-tagged wild type c-Myb and c-Myb D152V transfected with si2992 Overall design: Cells were tranfected with siRNA and 24 hours after total RNA was extracted. Three individual experiments were performed. Libraries were prepared and 125-bp paired-end reads were obtained using an Illumina HiSeq 2500 sequencer
A c-Myb mutant causes deregulated differentiation due to impaired histone binding and abrogated pioneer factor function.
Specimen part, Cell line, SubjectView Samples
A biobank collection of carotid plaque samples taken from patients undergoing endarterectomy operations.
Prediction of ischemic events on the basis of transcriptomic and genomic profiling in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy.
Specimen part, Disease, SubjectView Samples
Men are at an increased risk of dying from heart failure caused by inflammatory heart diseases such as atherosclerosis, myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We previously showed that macrophages in the spleen are phenotypically distinct in male compared to female mice at 12 hours (h) after infection. This innate immune profile mirrors and predicts the cardiac immune response during acute myocarditis.
The innate immune response to coxsackievirus B3 predicts progression to cardiovascular disease and heart failure in male mice.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
Men are at an increased risk of dying from heart failure caused by inflammatory heart diseases such as atherosclerosis, myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We previously showed that immune responses in the heart are phenotypically distinct in male compared to female mice 10 days after infection resulting in severe DCM in males.
Testosterone and interleukin-1β increase cardiac remodeling during coxsackievirus B3 myocarditis via serpin A 3n.
Sex, Specimen part, Treatment, TimeView Samples
In the present study, we have investigated the effect of CpG Oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) on the outcome of Plasmodium infection of the mosquito vectors Anopheles stephensi and Anopheles gambiae and on the modulation of mosquito immunity to Plasmodium. Anopheles mosquitoes inoculated with CpG-ODN showed significant reduction of Plasmodium infection rate and intensity. Microarrays were used to profile transcription of fat-body from CpG-ODN-treated mosquitoes. Mosquitoes were dissected 18h after ODN inoculation (immediately before feeding). Batches of 20 to 30 fat bodies (abdomen without midgut, ovaries and malpighian tubule]) were dissected in cold DEPC-treated phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and processed for RNA preparation. Mosquitoes treated with CpG-ODNs are less susceptible to Plasmodium infection. Transcription profile of fat body indicates that protection was associated with coagulation/wound healing, while melanization appears to be depressed.
CpG-containing oligodeoxynucleotides increases resistance of Anopheles mosquitoes to Plasmodium infection.
Sex, Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
Smoking is a major risk factor for Urothelial carcinoma (UC). However the complex mechanisms, how smoking promotes carcinogenesis and tumour progression, remain obscure. A microarray based approached was therefore performed to detect the smoking derived gene expression alteration in non-malignant and malignant urothelial tissues from patients with superficial or invasive UC. Smoking enhanced cell migration and response to tissue damages. In non-malignant tissues smoking induced immune response and altered the cytoskeleton. In urothelial carcinoma, smoking altered extracellular and chromosome structures. Smoking affected tissues from patients with invasive carcinomamore strongly, up-regulating particularly growth factors and oncogenes in non-malignant tissue of patients with invasive but not with superficial carcinoma. In former smokers, comparable changes were seen in tissues form patients with invasive disease while they were minor or reversed in tissue of patients with superficial disease. Best but not complete tissue repair was suggestedfor non-malignant tissue from patients with superficial tumours.
New insights into the influence of cigarette smoking on urothelial carcinogenesis: smoking-induced gene expression in tumor-free urothelium might discriminate muscle-invasive from nonmuscle-invasive urothelial bladder cancer.
Specimen part, DiseaseView Samples
Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are suggested to modulate immune function, but the effects of dietary fatty acids composition on gene expression patterns in immune organs have not been fully characterized. In the current study we investigated how dietary fatty acids composition affects the total transcriptome profile, and especially, immune related genes, in bone marrow cells (BMC) and spleen (SPL). Four tissues with metabolic function, skeletal muscle (SKM), white adipose tissue (WAT), brown adipose tissue (BAT), and liver (LIV), were investigated as a comparison. Following 8 weeks on low fat diet (LFD), high fat diet (HFD) rich in saturated fatty acids (HFD-S), or HFD rich in PUFA (HFD-P), tissue transcriptomics were analyzed by microarray and metabolic health assessed by fasting blood glucose level, HOMA-IR index, oral glucose tolerance test as well as quantification of crown-like structures in WAT. Interestingly, SKM and BMC were relatively inert to the diets, whereas the two adipose tissues (WAT and BAT) were mainly affected by HFD per se (both HFD-S and HFD-P). In particular, WAT gene expression was driven closer to that of the immune organs SPL and BMC by HFDs. Remarkably, the spleen, showed a major response to HFD-P, but not to HFD-S, whereas the LIV exhibited different responses to both of the HFDs. Further, HFD-P corrected the metabolic phenotype induced by HFD-S. Hence, the quantity and composition of dietary fatty acids affected the transcriptome in a distinct manner. Especially, PUFA prompted a specific regulation of immune related genes in the spleen. Thus, PUFA can regulate immune function by influencing gene expression.
Six Tissue Transcriptomics Reveals Specific Immune Suppression in Spleen by Dietary Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
Severe infections and sepsis is an increasing clinical problem that cause prolonged morbidity and substantial mortality. At present, antibiotics are essentially the only pharmacological treatment for sepsis. The incidence of antibiotic resistance is increasing and it is therefore critical to find new therapies for sepsis. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a major cause of septic mortality. Neutrophils play a major role in defense against bacterial infections. We have recently shown that a saturated high fat diet decreases survival in septic mice, but the mechanisms behind remain elusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the dietary fat composition affects survival and neutrophils function after experimental septic infection in mice. We found that, after S. aureus infection, mice fed polyunsaturated high fat diet (HFD/P) for 8 weeks had increased septic survival and decreased bacterial load compared with mice fed saturated HFD (HFD/S), and similar to that of mice given low fat diet (LFD). Furthermore, uninfected mice fed HFD/P had increased number of Ly6G+ neutrophils in bone marrow. In addition, mice fed HFD/P had a higher number Ly6G+ neutrophils recruited to the site of inflammation after peritoneal injection of thioglycollate. In conclusion, polyunsaturated dietary fat increased both survival and the efficiency of the bacterial clearance during septic S. aureus infection. Moreover, this diet enhanced the number and chemotaxis of neutrophils, a key component of the immune response to S. aureus infections.
Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids increase survival and decrease bacterial load during septic Staphylococcus aureus infection and improve neutrophil function in mice.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples