Whilst the association of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) has long been recognized, the precise role of the virus in BL pathogenesis is not fully resolved. EBV can be lost spontaneously from some BL cell lines, and these EBV-loss lymphoma cells reportedly have a survival disadvantage. We have generated an extensive panel of EBV-loss clones from multiple BL backgrounds and examined their phenotype comparing them to their isogenic EBV-positive counterparts. Whilst loss of EBV from BL cells is rare, it is consistently associated with an enhanced predisposition to undergo apoptosis and reduced tumorigenicity in vivo. We investigated whether there were common gene expression changes between EBV-positive and loss clones derived for four endemic Burkitt lyphoma cell lines that could explain the apoptosis sensitivity of clones that had lost EBV.
Coordinated repression of BIM and PUMA by Epstein-Barr virus latent genes maintains the survival of Burkitt lymphoma cells.
Cell lineView Samples
In this study we have investigated the gene expression profiles of three different types of subclone all generated by single cell cloning of the same parental EBV positive Burkitt lymphoma cell line Awia-BL. These included EBV negative clones which have lost the virus episome, EBV positive clones with a conventional Latency I form of infection and EBV positive clones with an atypical Wp-restricted form of infection.
Different patterns of Epstein-Barr virus latency in endemic Burkitt lymphoma (BL) lead to distinct variants within the BL-associated gene expression signature.
Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples
Four mature, non-lactating dairy cattle were transitioned from a high forage diet (HF; 0% grain) to a high grain diet (HG; 65% grain) that was fed for three weeks. Rumen papillae biopsies were performed during the HF baseline (week 0) and after the first (week 1) and third week (week 3) of the grain challenge to create a transcript profile for the the short and long-term adaption of the rumen epithelium during ruminal acidosis.
Bovine rumen epithelium undergoes rapid structural adaptations during grain-induced subacute ruminal acidosis.
Specimen part, TimeView Samples
IgE antibodies mediate the symptoms of allergic reactions, yet these antibodies and the cells that produce them remain enigmatic due to their scarcity in humans. To address this, we have isolated single B cells of all isotypes, including rare IgE producing B cells, from the peripheral blood of food allergic individuals. Using single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) we have characterized the gene expression, splicing, and heavy and light chain antibody sequences of these cells.
High-affinity allergen-specific human antibodies cloned from single IgE B cell transcriptomes.
Sex, Age, Specimen part, DiseaseView Samples
S288C was transformed with plasmids expressing the GCN5 F221A mutant at varying levels. We sought to examine the global impact on gene expression
Linking yeast Gcn5p catalytic function and gene regulation using a quantitative, graded dominant mutant approach.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Control and Liver Insulin Receptor KO mice (LIRKO) were sacrificed in the non-fasted state. RNA was prepared from liver samples and subjected to expression microarray analysis
Flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 as a potential player in diabetes-associated atherosclerosis.
Specimen partView Samples
With the growing interest in studying primary tissue samples by single cell transcriptome analysis, there is an emerging demand for a preservation strategy that enables sample transportation and storage. In this study, we describe a simple and general strategy that preserves primary tissues at hypothermic temperature. Using FACS and single-cell RNAseq, we demonstrated the effectiveness of this strategy in maintaining cell viability, cell population heterogeneity, and cell transcriptome integrity for primary tissues that underwent up to 3 days of preservation. Overall design: Examine the impact of hypothermic preservation on mouse kidney resident immune cells over up to 4 days at single-cell resolution
High fidelity hypothermic preservation of primary tissues in organ transplant preservative for single cell transcriptome analysis.
Cell line, Subject, TimeView Samples
A highly metastatic breast cancer cell line, 4T1, was used to generate stable Wnt5a expressing and vector only control cells. Cells were generated using lentivirus infection and selection with blasticidin. Expression of Wnt5a was confirmed using western blot. Cell behaviour was characterized. Wnt5a expressing cells exhibited reduced migration in a transwell assay and reduced metastasis in a tail vein injection assay. Growth was not significantly affected.
WNT5A inhibits metastasis and alters splicing of Cd44 in breast cancer cells.
Cell lineView Samples
Various mesenchymal cell types have been identified as critical components of the hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) niche. Although several groups have described the generation of mesenchyme from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC), the capacity of such cells to support hematopoiesis has not been reported. Here we have demonstrated that distinct mesenchymal subpopulations co-emerge from mesoderm during hPSC differentiation. Despite co-expression of common mesenchymal markers (CD73, CD105, CD90, PDGFRß), a subset of cells defined as CD146++CD140alow supported functional HSPC ex vivo while CD146-CD140a+ cells drove differentiation. The CD146++ subset expressed genes associated with the HSPC niche and high levels of the Wnt inhibitors. HSPC support was contact-dependent and was mediated in part through JAG1 expression. Molecular profiling revealed remarkable transcriptional similarity between hPSC-derived CD146++ and primary human CD146++ perivascular cells. The derivation of diverse pools of mesenchymal populations from hPSC opens potential avenues to model their developmental and functional differences and to improve cell-based therapeutics from hPSC. Overall design: Our goal was to analyze and compare transcriptome of human pluripoten stem cell-derived mesenchyme (CD146++ and CD146-) with primary human lipoaspirate tissue-derived pericyte (CD146+) and CD146- mesenchymal populations.
Transcriptionally and Functionally Distinct Mesenchymal Subpopulations Are Generated from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples