Embryonic chicken telencephalon nuclei were isolated for RNAseq to identify transcripts differentially expressed across different brain regions.
Neocortical Association Cell Types in the Forebrain of Birds and Alligators.
Sex, Specimen partView Samples
Purpose: to identify the effects of the Dp1Tyb mutation on the transcriptome of mouse embryonic fibroblasts Overall design: RNAseq libraries were prepared from RNA isolated from mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Libraries were prepared from total RNA using the TruSeq Stranded mRNA Sample Prep Kit (Illumina) by the Advanced Sequencing Facility, The Francis Crick Institute. Libraries were sequenced (100 bases paired end) on the Illumina Hiseq 4000 Please note that this dataset contains ERCC spike ins to normalise the data
Gene expression dysregulation domains are not a specific feature of Down syndrome.
Specimen part, SubjectView Samples
Neuronal function critically depends on coordinated subcellular distribution of mRNAs. Disturbed mRNA processing and axonal transport has been found in spinal muscular atrophy and could be causative for dysfunction and degeneration of motoneurons. Despite the advances made in characterizing the transport mechanisms of several axonal mRNAs, an unbiased approach to identify the axonal repertoire of mRNAs in healthy and degenerating motoneurons has been lacking. Here we used compartmentalized microfluidic chambers to investigate the somatodendritic and axonal mRNA content of cultured motoneurons by microarray analysis. In axons, transcripts related to protein synthesis and energy production were enriched relative to the somatodendritic compartment. Knockdown of Smn, the protein deficient in spinal muscular atrophy, produced a large number of transcript alterations in both compartments. Transcripts related to immune functions, including MHC class I genes, and with roles in RNA splicing were upregulated in the somatodendritic compartment. On the axonal side, transcripts associated with axon growth and synaptic activity were downregulated. These alterations provide evidence that subcellular localization of transcripts with axonal functions as well as regulation of specific transcripts with nonautonomous functions is disturbed in Smn-deficient motoneurons, most likely contributing to the pathophysiology of spinal muscular atrophy.
Subcellular transcriptome alterations in a cell culture model of spinal muscular atrophy point to widespread defects in axonal growth and presynaptic differentiation.
Specimen partView Samples
The transcriptomic changes induced in the human liver cell line HepG2 by 100M menadione, 200M TBH or 50M H2O2 after treatment for 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 24h.
Time series analysis of oxidative stress response patterns in HepG2: a toxicogenomics approach.
Cell lineView Samples
Purpose: Epidemiological and intervention studies have attempted to link the health effects of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables with the consumption of polyphenols and their impact in neurodegenerative diseases. Studies have shown that polyphenols can cross the intestinal barrier and reach concentrations in the bloodstream able to exert effects in vivo. However, the effective uptake of polyphenols in the brain is still regarded with some reservations. Here we describe a combination of approaches to examine the putative transport of blackberry-digested polyphenols (BDP) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and ultimate evaluation of their beneficial effects.
Blood-brain barrier transport and neuroprotective potential of blackberry-digested polyphenols: an in vitro study.
Sex, Specimen part, Cell line, RaceView Samples
Yeast cell cycle transcript dynamics in three S. cerevisiae strains grown at 30 degrees Celsius: cdc20 GALL-CDC20 (persistent mitotic CDK activity; CDK on), cdc8-ts (DNA replication checkpoint), GAL-cse4-353 (spindle assembly checkpoint), cdc8-ts cdc20 (DNA replication checkpoint, CDK on), and cdc8-ts cdc20, rad53-1 (DNA replication checkpoint without Rad53 activity, CDK on) in a BF264-15DU background. We compared transcript levels of genes previously shown to be periodically expressed in wild-type cells and in cells lacking all mitotic cyclins (clb1,2,3,4,5,6; CDK off).
Checkpoints couple transcription network oscillator dynamics to cell-cycle progression.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
This study was performed to check that ESR1 and BMI1 are biologically active after lentiviral transduction of primary human mammary epithelial cells (HMECs) with lentiviral vectors expressing ESR1 and BMI1 from the human PGK promoter. ESR1 targets like PGR, PRLR and GREB1, but not TFF1 and XBP1, were induced by estradiol in the ESR1-expressing cells. BMI1 targets like BMI1, NEFL and CCND2 were repressed in the BMI1-expressing cells. BMI1 suppressed genes associated with squamous and neural differentiation in the ESR1 plus BMI1-expressing cells.
An oestrogen-dependent model of breast cancer created by transformation of normal human mammary epithelial cells.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
Variable strengths of T cell receptor (TCR) signaling can produce divergent outcomes for T cell development and function. The mechanisms leading to different outcomes are incompletely understood, but may include distinct activation thresholds for different transcription factors as well as distinct sensitivities among target genes to transcription factors. IRF4 is one transcription factor implicated in responses to variable TCR signal strength. IRF4 expression increases uniformly with increasing TCR signal strength (i.e., analog), but it is unclear how IRF4 induced distinct genes at different levels, rather than different amounts of the same genes. Here, we analyzed global gene expression in TH2 cells and used ChIP-seq to define the relationship between TCR signal strength, enhancer occupancy and transcriptional activity for BATF/IRF4-dependent genes. We show that enhancers exhibit a spectrum of affinity for the BATF/IRF4 ternary complex mediate graded responsiveness of individual genes to increasing TCR signal strength. Differential gene induction by BATF and IRF4 occurs through interaction with enhancer elements of different affinity for BATF/IRF4 complexes. The increased resolution of factor binding site identified using ChIP-exo allowed the identification of a novel AICE2 motif binding BATF/IRF4 with higher affinity and that this may explain the protective role of a single nucleotide polymorphism in the CTLA-4 locus known to decrease the incidence of autoimmune diseases.
Quality of TCR signaling determined by differential affinities of enhancers for the composite BATF-IRF4 transcription factor complex.
Specimen partView Samples
The transcriptomics changes induced in the human liver cell line HepG2 by low and high doses of acetaminophen and solvent controls after treatment for 4 time points (12h, 24h, 48h and 72h)
Increased mitochondrial ROS formation by acetaminophen in human hepatic cells is associated with gene expression changes suggesting disruption of the mitochondrial electron transport chain.
Specimen part, Cell line, TimeView Samples