Ascorbate activates CD30 expression and causes widespread specific demethylation of the epigenome of serum free cultured hESC.
Vitamin C promotes widespread yet specific DNA demethylation of the epigenome in human embryonic stem cells.
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Adipose tissue iNKT cells have different functions than iNKT cells in the blood and other organs.
Regulatory iNKT cells lack expression of the transcription factor PLZF and control the homeostasis of T(reg) cells and macrophages in adipose tissue.
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Transcriptome analysis of a population of control animals vs cisplatin-treated, in duplicate Overall design: A mixed population of worms representing all stages and growing under control conditions was exposed to 60 µg/ml of cisplatin for 24 hours at 20ºC. Treated and control samples weer collected in biological replicates.
Genetic and cellular sensitivity of <i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i> to the chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin.
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Chemotherapy may cause DNA damage within the oral mucosa of cancer patients leading to mucositis, a dose-limiting side effect for effective cancer treatment.
Microarray analyses of oral punch biopsies from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients treated with chemotherapy.
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We compared the transcriptional profile of mammary tumors spontaneously developed in PyMT transgenic mice either bearing or not additional copies of the endogeneous SIRT6 gene.
SIRT6 Suppresses Cancer Stem-like Capacity in Tumors with PI3K Activation Independently of Its Deacetylase Activity.
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In animal gonads, 23-30nt long PIWI interacting RNAs (piRNAs) guarantee genome integrity by guiding the sequence specific silencing of selfish genetic elements such as transposons. Two major branches of piRNA biogenesis, namely primary processing and ping-pong amplification, feed into the PIWI clade of Argonaute proteins. Despite our conceptual understanding of piRNA biogenesis, major gaps exist in the mechanistic understanding of the underlying molecular processes as well as in the knowledge of the involved players. Here, we demonstrate an essential role for the female sterility gene shutdown in the piRNA pathway. Shutdown, an evolutionarily conserved co-chaperone of the immunophilin class is the first piRNA biogenesis factor that is essential for all primary and secondary piRNA populations in Drosophila. Based on these findings, we define distinct groups of piRNA biogenesis factors and reveal the core concept of how PIWI family proteins are hard-wired into piRNA biogenesis processes. Overall design: small-RNA libraries from 2 control samples and 7 knock-down samples of D. mel. ovaries and 2 small-RNA profiles from Piwi IP and Aub IP from OSCs.
The cochaperone shutdown defines a group of biogenesis factors essential for all piRNA populations in Drosophila.
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It is often overlooked that human ESCs are generated from in vitro cultured, often surplus/discard, embryos considered unsuitable for transfer in infertility clinics. In vitro culture of preimplantation embryos has been associated with a number of perturbations, including ultrastructure, gene expression, metabolism and post-transfer development. We report here the transcriptional profiles characteristic of ESC lines generated from either in vitro cultured or in vivo derived embryos.
Transcriptional differences between rhesus embryonic stem cells generated from in vitro and in vivo derived embryos.
Specimen partView Samples
Lacciac Acid A was indentified as an inhibitor of DMNT1. MCF-7 cells were treated with Lacciac Acid A (200 uM) for 5 days. Changes in gene expression were identified by using Affymetrix Human gene ST1.0 arrays. We used microarrays to determine global changes in gene expression upon treatment with Lacciac Acid A an inhibitor of DMNT1.
Laccaic acid A is a direct, DNA-competitive inhibitor of DNA methyltransferase 1.
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In Drosophila, PIWI proteins and bound PIWI interacting RNAs (piRNAs) form the core of a small RNA mediated defense system against selfish genetic elements. Within germline cells piRNAs are processed from piRNA clusters and transposons to be loaded into Piwi/Aubergine/AGO3 and a subset of piRNAs undergoes target dependent amplification. In contrast, gonadal somatic support cells express only Piwi, lack signs of piRNA amplification and exhibit primary piRNA biogenesis from piRNA clusters. Neither piRNA processing/loading nor Piwi mediated target silencing is understood at the genetic, cellular or molecular level. We developed an in vivo RNAi assay for the somatic piRNA pathway and identified the RNA helicase Armitage, the Tudor domain containing RNA helicase Yb and the putative nuclease Zucchini as essential factors for primary piRNA biogenesis. Lack of any of these proteins leads to transposon de-silencing, to a collapse in piRNA levels and to a failure in Piwi nuclear accumulation. We show that Armitage and Yb interact physically and co-localize in cytoplasmic Yb-bodies, which flank P-bodies. Loss of Zucchini leads to an accumulation of Piwi and Armitage in Yb-bodies indicating that Yb-bodies are sites of primary piRNA biogenesis. Overall design: small RNA libraries were prepared from Piwi immuno-precipitates of five different genotypes
An in vivo RNAi assay identifies major genetic and cellular requirements for primary piRNA biogenesis in Drosophila.
We compared four transcription factor knockdowns using transgenic RNAi expressed in the larval fat body. FOXO, Tfb1, p53, and Stat92E-dependent gene expression in the Drosophila fat body was quantified on control and high-sugar diets in order to generate expression profiles via RNA-seq. These expression data were used to build a gene regulatory network to predict novel roles for these and other genes during caloric overload. Overall design: Control and fat body-expressed transcription factor RNAi Drosophila were reared on control (0.15M sucrose) and high-sugar (0.7M or 1M sucrose) diets until the wandering stage. Fat bodies were isolated and RNA extracted to determine the effects of diet on gene expression using Illumina RNA-seq.
Seven-Up Is a Novel Regulator of Insulin Signaling.
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