Patients with inflammatory lung diseases are often additionally exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons like B[a]P and B[a]P-induced alterations in gene expression in these patients may contribute to the development of lung cancer. Mice were intra-nasally treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 20 g/mouse) to induce pulmonary inflammation and subsequently exposed to B[a]P (0.5 mg/mouse) by intratracheal instillation
Altered gene expression profiles in the lungs of benzo[a]pyrene-exposed mice in the presence of lipopolysaccharide-induced pulmonary inflammation.
Sex, Age, Specimen partView Samples
The intention was to detect genes that are determining trastuzumab efficiency in HER2-positive breast cancer cell lines with different resistance phenotypes. While BT474 should be sensitive to the drug treatment, HCC1954 is expected to be resistant due to a PI3K mutation. The cell line BTR50 has been derived from BT474 and was cultured to be resistant as well. Based on RNA-Seq data, we performed differential expression analyses on these breast cancer cell lines with and without trastuzumab treatment. In detail, five separate tests were performed, namely resistant cells vs. wild type, i.e. HCC1954 and BTR50 vs. BT474, respectively, and untreated vs. drug treated cells. The significant genes of the first two tests should contribute to resistance. The significant genes of the test BT474 vs. its drug treated version should contribute to the trastuzumab effect. To exclude false positives from the combined gene set (#64), we removed ten genes that were also significant in the test BTR50 vs. its drug treated version. This way we ended up with 54 genes that are very likely to determine trastuzumab efficiency in HER2-positive breast cancer cell lines. Overall design: mRNA profiles of human breast cancer cell lines were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HiSeq 2000. The cell lines BT474 and HCC1954 were analyzed with and without trastuzumab treatment. HCC1954 is known to be trastuzumab resistant. Additionally, the cell line BTR50 was generated as resistant version of BT474, and was analyzed with and without trastuzumab as well.
mRNA profiling reveals determinants of trastuzumab efficiency in HER2-positive breast cancer.
No sample metadata fieldsView Samples
The immunotoxicity of Dibenzo[def,p]chrysene (DBC) was investigated following acute exposure of adult Mutaâ„¢Mouse males by oral gavage. Mice were exposed to 0, 2, 6.3 and 20.0 mg DBC /kg-bw per day, for three days. Global gene expression changes were measured in bone marrow 24 hours after the last exposure.
Transcriptional Profiling of Dibenzo[def,p]chrysene-induced Spleen Atrophy Provides Mechanistic Insights into its Immunotoxicity in MutaMouse.
Sex, Specimen part, Cell lineView Samples
Exposure to aristolochic acid (AA) is linked to kidney disease and urothelial cancer in humans. The major carcinogenic component of the AA plant extract is aristolochic acid I (AAI). The transcription factor p53 acts as a tumour suppressor and is frequently mutated in AA-induced tumours. Using a mouse model, we previously showed that Trp53 genotype impacts on AAI-induced nephrotoxicity in vivo (i.e. p53 protects from AAI-induced renal proximal tubular injury), but the underlying mechanism(s) involved remain to be further explored. In the present study, we investigated the impact of p53 on AAI-induced gene expression in vivo by treating Trp53(+/+), Trp53(+/-) and Trp53(-/-) mice with 3.5 mg/kg body weight (bw) AAI daily for 6 days. The Clariom™ S Assay microarray was used to elucidate gene expression profiles in mouse kidneys after AAI treatment in order to identify potential mechanisms by which AAI drives renal injury in Trp53(-/-) kidneys. Principle component analysis and hierarchical clustering in Qlucore Omics Explorer showed that gene expression in AAI-exposed Trp53(+/+), Trp53(+/-) and Trp53(-/-) kidneys is treatment-dependent. However, gene expression profiles did not segregate in a clear-cut manner according to Trp53 genotype, hence further investigations were performed by pathway analysis with MetaCore™. Several pathways, such as those related to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, transcription of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 targets, renal injury and secretion of xenobiotics were significantly altered to varying degrees for AAI-exposed kidneys. The top ten up-regulated genes included cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1a (Cdkn1a), a mediator of cell cycle arrest; and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (Ngal), which has been shown to play a role in nephritis by promoting inflammation and apoptosis. Members of the solute carrier (Slc) family (i.e. Slc22a2, Slc22a6, Slc22a7, Slc22a8) were amongst the top ten down-regulated genes. Pathway analysis also identified genes that are uniquely affected by AAI treatment in Trp53(+/+), Trp53(+/-) and Trp53(-/-) kidneys. Apoptotic pathways were modulated in Trp53(+/+) kidneys; whereas oncogenic and pro-survival pathways were significantly altered for Trp53(+/-) and Trp53(-/-) kidneys, respectively. Microarray gene expression analysis identified significant toxicogenomic responses to AAI that give novel insights into its mechanism of nephrotoxicity. Alterations of biological processes by AAI in Trp53(+/+), Trp53(+/-) and Trp53(-/-) kidneys could explain the mechanisms by which p53 protects from or p53 loss drives AAI-induced renal injury in vivo.
The impact of p53 on aristolochic acid I-induced nephrotoxicity and DNA damage in vivo and in vitro.
Sex, Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples
Schwann cell maturation is tightly controlled by a set of transcriptional regulators. We have deleted the zinc-finger transcription factor Sip1 specifically from immature Schwann cells and observed a dramatic developmental delay.
Zeb2 is essential for Schwann cell differentiation, myelination and nerve repair.
Age, Specimen partView Samples
The expression level of a gene is often used as a proxy for determining whether the protein or RNA product is functional in a cell or tissue. Therefore, it is of fundamental importance to understand the global distribution of gene expression levels, and to be able to interpret it mechanistically and functionally. Here we use RNA sequencing of mouse Th2 cells, coupled with a range of other techniques, to show that all genes can be separated, based on their expression abundance, into two distinct groups: one group comprising of lowly expressed and putatively non-functional mRNAs, and the other of highly expressed mRNAs with active chromatin marks at their promoters. Similar observations are made in other data sets, including sources such as Drosophila. Overall design: RNA-seq data of two biological replicates of murine Th2 cells.
Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals T helper cells synthesizing steroids de novo to contribute to immune homeostasis.
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NOD2 is an intracellular receptor for the bacterial cell wall component muramyl dipeptide (MDP) and variants of NOD2 are associated with chronic inflammatory diseases of barrier organs e.g. Crohn disease, asthma and atopic eczema. It is known that activation of NOD2 induces a variety of inflammatory and antibacterial factors. The exact transcriptomal signatures that define the cellular programs downstream of NOD2 activation and the influence of the Crohn-associated variant L1007fsinsC are yet to be defined. To describe the MDP-induced activation program, we analyzed the transcriptomal reactions of isogenic HEK293 cells expressing NOD2wt or NOD2L1007fsinsC to stimulation with MDP. Importantly, a clear loss-of-function could be observed in the cells carrying the Crohn-associated variant L1007fsinsC, while the NOD2wt cells showed differential regulation of growth factors, chemokines and several antagonists of NF-B, e.g. TNFAIP3 (A20) and IER3.
Genome-wide expression profiling identifies an impairment of negative feedback signals in the Crohn's disease-associated NOD2 variant L1007fsinsC.
Cell line, TimeView Samples
CD34 positive cells of bone marrow samples from normal and MDS samples were cultured ex vivo into erythroid conditions.
Defective nuclear localization of Hsp70 is associated with dyserythropoiesis and GATA-1 cleavage in myelodysplastic syndromes.
Specimen partView Samples
The purpose of this study was to identify genes in keratinocytes and fibroblasts in human skin equivalents that changed expression in response to the burrowing of live scabies mites.
Sarcoptes scabiei mites modulate gene expression in human skin equivalents.
Specimen part, TreatmentView Samples