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Accession IconSRP174910

MDM2 and MDM4 are Therapeutic Vulnerabilities in Malignant Rhabdoid Tumors

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 6 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge IconNextSeq 500

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Malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRT) are highly aggressive pediatric cancers that respond poorly to current therapies. We screened several MRT cell lines each with large-scale RNAi, CRISPR-Cas9, and small-molecule libraries to identify potential drug targets specific for these cancers. We discovered MDM2 and MDM4, the canonical negative regulators of p53, as significant vulnerabilities. Using two compounds currently in clinical development, idasanutlin and ATSP-7041, we show that MRT cells are more sensitive than other p53 wild-type cancer cell lines to MDM2 and dual MDM2/4 inhibition in vitro. These compounds cause significant upregulation of the p53 pathway in MRT cells, and sensitivity is ablated by CRISPR-Cas9-mediated inactivation of TP53. We show that loss of SMARCB1, a subunit of the SWI/SNF (BAF) complex mutated in nearly all MRT, sensitizes cells to MDM2 and MDM2/4 inhibition by enhancing p53-mediated apoptosis. Both MDM2 and MDM2/4 inhibition slowed MRT xenograft growth in vivo, with a five-day idasanutlin pulse causing marked regression of all xenografts including durable complete responses in 50% of mice. Together, these studies identify a genetic connection between mutations in the SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex and the tumor suppressor gene p53, and provide preclinical evidence to support the targeting of MDM2 and MDM4 in this often-fatal pediatric cancer. Overall design: RNA-seq in TTC642 MRT cells treated with idasanutlin compared to DMSO
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