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Accession IconSRP149174

Differentiation and maturation of oligodendrocytes in human three-dimensional neural cultures

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 262 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge IconIllumina HiSeq 4000

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We report a method for deriving oligodendrocyte lineage cells from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) in three-dimensional (3D) culture called human oligodendrocyte spheroids (hOLS). To characterize oligodendrocyte-lineage cells in hOLS, we isolated O4+ cells by immunopanning and performed deep single cell RNA sequencing. We sequenced 295 cells and compared their profiles to unsorted cells isolated from primary human fetal cortex, primary human adult cortex, and hCS. Clustering of all cells using the t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (tSNE) approach revealed a distinct populations of SOX10+ oligodendrocytes, within which the O4+ cells derived from hOLS clustered most closely to oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) and mature oligodendrocytes from the primary human adult cortical tissue. Additionally, subpopulations of OPCs, newly formed oligodendrocytes, and myelinating oligodendrocytes derived were observed in the hOLS-derived cluster. To further assess the state of oligodendrocyte-lineage cells in hOLS, we performed a Monocle analysis which revealed a spectrum of oligodendrocyte-lineage stages in hOLS ranging from dividing cells that closely resembled primary OPCs to mature cells that closely resembled primary oligodendrocytes. Overall design: Examination of gene expression in single oligodendrocyte-lineage cells derived from human pluripotent stem cells in three-dimensional culture
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