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Accession IconSRP130950

Cell of origin dictates aggression and stem cell activity in acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Organism Icon Danio rerio
Sample Icon 20 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge IconIllumina HiSeq 2000

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Subclassification of lymphoid neoplasms is often based on the presumed cell of origin based on T and B progenitor gene expression and the effect of cell lineage on influencing functional characteristics such as aggression and self-renewal capacity is largely unknown, accounted for in part, by lack of experimental models to address these questions. Here, we have used transgenic zebrafish to create the first models of Myc-induced B-ALL and mixed phenotypic B/T-ALL, opening new avenues for studying the these leukemias in the zebrafish. Our work has utilized syngeneic strain zebrafish, limiting dilution cell transplantation, and the widely reported rag2-Myc transgenic model to provide new understanding of how strain differences can underlie leukemia onset in the zebrafish model. Even more importantly, our work now for the first time, has allowed assessment of cell lineage on dictating aggression and leukemia stem cell frequency independent of the underlying oncogenic driver. In total, our work uncoveres that T-ALLs are more aggressive and have higher numbers of leukemia stem cells when compared with B-ALL and mixed phenotypic ALL. Furthermore, analysis of our biphenotypic B/T-ALL suggests that B cell pathways lock cells in less aggressive and lower stem cell fates and are dominant in regulating these processes when T cell pathways are co-regulated within ALL cells. Overall design: The goal of our study is to determine the transcriptional profiles of high and low self-renewing capacity tumors. 20 samples total: 11 unique samples (9 samples with biological replicates), 6 high self-renewing tumors (>1% cells could initiate leukemia) and 5 low self-renewing tumors (<1% of cells could initiate leukemia).
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