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Accession IconSRP127628

Peripherally derived macrophages can engraft the brain independent of irradiation and maintain an identity distinct from microglia [LPS]

Organism Icon Mus musculus
Sample Icon 48 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge IconIllumina HiSeq 2500

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Peripherally derived macrophages infiltrate the brain after bone marrow transplantation and during central nervous system (CNS) inflammation. It was initially suggested that these engrafting cells were newly derived microglia and that irradiation was essential for engraftment to occur. However, it remains unclear whether brain-engrafting macrophages (beMfs) acquire a unique phenotype in the brain, whether long-term engraftment may occur without irradiation, and whether brain function is affected by the engrafted cells. In this study, we demonstrate that chronic, partial microglia depletion is sufficient for beMfs to populate the niche and that the presence of beMfs does not alter behavior. Furthermore, beMfs maintain a unique functional and transcriptional identity as compared with microglia. Overall, this study establishes beMfs as a unique CNS cell type and demonstrates that therapeutic engraftment of beMfs may be possible with irradiation-free conditioning regimens. Overall design: Microglia were isolated from the brains of adult male c57BL/6 mice given bone marrow tranplants (BMT) with or without head shield. All mice received PLX5622 for 2 weeks, then placed and normal chow to recoever. Some mice were then challenged with LPS. Cells were isolated by MACS using CD11b magnetic beads.
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