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Accession IconSRP091749

Genome-wide expression profiling and phenotypic evaluation of European maize inbreds at seedling stage in response to heat stress

Organism Icon Zea mays
Sample Icon 46 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge IconIllumina HiSeq 2000

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BACKGROUND: Climate change will lead in the future to an occurrence of heat waves with a higher frequency and duration than observed today, which has the potential to cause severe damage to seedlings of temperate maize genotypes. In this study, we aimed to (I) assess phenotypic variation for heat tolerance of temperate European Flint and Dent maize inbred lines, (II) investigate the transcriptomic response of temperate maize to linearly increasing heat levels and, (III) identify genes associated with heat tolerance in a set of genotypes with contrasting heat tolerance behaviour. RESULTS: Strong phenotypic differences with respect to heat tolerance were observed between the examined maize inbred lines on a multi-trait level. We identified 607 heat responsive genes as well as 39 heat tolerance genes. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that individual inbred lines developed different genetic mechanisms in response to heat stress. We applied a novel statistical approach enabling the integration of multiple genotypes and stress levels in the analysis of abiotic stress expression studies. Overall design: Identifcation of differentially expressed genes between 8 genotypes and 3 heat levels
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