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Accession IconSRP068970

Loss of CSL unlocks a hypoxic response and enhanced tumor growth potential in breast cancer cells

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 404 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge IconIllumina HiSeq 2000

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Notch signaling is an important regulator of stem cell differentiation. All canonical Notch signaling is transmitted through the DNA-binding protein CSL and hyperactivated Notch signaling is associated with tumor development; thus it may be anticipated that CSL deficiency should reduce tumor growth. In contrast, we report that genetic removal of CSL in breast tumor cells caused accelerated growth of xenografted tumors. Loss of CSL unleashed a hypoxic response during normoxic conditions, manifested by stabilization of the HIF1± protein and acquisition of a polyploid giant-cell, cancer stem cell-like, phenotype. At the transcriptome level, loss of CSL upregulated more than 1750 genes and less than 3% of those genes were part of the Notch transcriptional signature. Collectively, this suggests that CSL exerts functions beyond serving as the central node in the Notch signaling cascade and reveals a novel role for CSL in tumorigenesis and regulation of the cellular hypoxic response. Overall design: CSL +/+ and CSL -/- MDA-MB-231 were subjected to Notch activation/inhibition and xenograft experiment. Total RNA were extracted from the samples and sent to NGS. Single Cell RNA-sequencing was also performed from cells isolated from xenograft tumors.
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