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Accession IconGSE95309

Gene expression analyses in otefin mutant Drosophila ovaries

Organism Icon Drosophila melanogaster
Sample Icon 8 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Drosophila Genome 2.0 Array (drosophila2)

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LEM Domain proteins are key components of the nuclear lamina. Mutations in LEM-D proteins cause dystrophic diseases associated with compromised adult stem cells, yet it remains unclear how LEM-D proteins support stem cell function. Studies described here use the homologue of the LEM-D protein emerin in Drosophila, Otefin (Ote) as a model to understand LEM-D protein function in adult stem cells. Loss of Ote causes female sterility due to a complex germline stem cell (GSC) phenotype that includes both an early block in germline differentiation followed by GSC death. In vivo cell cycle analysis revealed that ote mutant GSCs display a lengthened S phase.We find that loss of the DNA Damage Response (DDR) Chk2 is able to not only rescue the lengthened S phase, but also GSC death and the block in germline differentiation. Activation of detrimental checkpoint in absence of Ote is conserved in both male and female GSCs and surprisingly occurs independent of detectable canonical DDR triggers, including transposon de-repression and DNA damage. Two defects were found to occur upstream of Chk2 activation: nuclear lamina morphological defects and altered heterochromatin organization. Together, our data identify the primary cause for a compromised adult stem cell population in the absence of a LEM-D protein.
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