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Accession IconGSE8384

Microarray Analysis of mRNA Levels from RAW264.7 Macrophages Infected with Brucella abortus

Organism Icon Mus musculus
Sample Icon 5 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Murine Genome U74A Array (mgu74a)

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Identification of host responses at the gene transcription level provides a molecular profile of the events that occur following infection. Brucella abortus is a facultative intracellular pathogen of macrophages that induces chronic infection in humans and domestic animals. Using microarray technology, the response of macrophages 4 hours following B. abortus infection was analyzed to identify early intracellular infection events that occur in macrophages. Of the more than 6,000 genes, we identified over 140 genes that were reproducibly differentially transcribed. First, an increase in the transcription of a number of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, such as TNF-, IL-1, IL-1, and members of the SCY family of proteins, was evident that may constitute a general host recruitment of antibacterial defenses. Alternatively, Brucella may subvert newly arriving macrophages for additional intracellular infection. Second, transcription of receptors and cytokines associated with antigen presentation, e.g., MHC class II and IL-12p40, were not evident at this 4 hour period of infection. Third, Brucella inhibited transcription of various host genes involved in apoptosis, cell cycling, and intracellular vesicular trafficking. Identification of macrophage genes whose transcription was inhibited suggests that Brucella utilizes specific mechanisms to target certain cell pathways. In conclusion, these data suggest that B. abortus can alter macrophage pathways to recruit additional macrophages for future infection while simultaneously inhibiting apoptosis and innate immune mechanisms within the macrophage permitting intracellular survival of the bacterium. These results provide insights into the pathogenic strategies used by Brucella to survive long-term within a hostile environment.
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