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Accession IconGSE6691

Gene expression profiling of B lymphocytes and plasma cells from Waldenstrms macroglobulinemia.

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 55 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Human Genome U133A Array (hgu133a)

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The tumoral clone of Waldenstrms macroglobulinemia (WM) shows a wide morphological heterogeneity which ranges from B-lymphocytes (BL) to plasma cells (PC). By means of genome-wide expression profiling we have been able to identify genes exclusively deregulated in BL and PC from WM, but with a similar expression pattern in their corresponding cell-counterparts from CLL and MM, as well as normal individuals. The differentially expressed genes have important functions in B-cell differentiation and oncogenesis. Thus, two of the genes down-regulated in WM-BL were IL4R, which plays a relevant role in CLL B cell survival, and BACH2 that participates in the development of class-switched PC. Interestingly, one of the up-regulated genes in WM-BL was IL6. A set of 4 genes was able to discriminate clonal B-lymphocytes from WM and CLL: LEF1 (WNT/catenin pathway), MARCKS, ATXN1 and FMOD. We also found deregulation of genes involved in plasma cell differentiation such as PAX5 which was overexpressed in WM-PC, and IRF4 and BLIMP1 which were underexpressed. In addition, three of the target genes activated by PAX5 -CD79, BLNK and SYK- were up-regulated in WM-PC. In summary, these results indicate that both PC and BL from WM are genetically different from the MM and CLL cell-counterpart.
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