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Accession IconGSE66260

Distinct gene expression programs during erythropoiesis from adult and cord blood progenitor cells compared to hiPSCs

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 73 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Human Transcriptome Array 2.0 (hta20)

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Erythropoiesis in mammals replenishes the circulating red blood cell (RBC) pool from hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). Two distinct erythropoietic programs have been described. In the first trimester, hematopoietic precursors in the fetal yolk sac follow a primitive pattern of erythropoiesis. However, in the second trimester, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from the fetal liver and later from the bone marrow differentiate by a definitive program of erythropoiesis to yield enucleated erythrocytes. RBCs can also be derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and can express many of the red cell proteins required for normal erythrocyte function, presaging in vitro RBC production for clinical use. However, expansion and enucleation from hiPSCs is less efficient than with erythroblasts (EBs) derived from adult or cord blood progenitors. We hypothesized that substantial differential gene expression during erythroid development from hiPSCs compared to that from adult blood or cord blood precursors could account for these hitherto unexplained differences in proliferation and enucleation. We have therefore grown EBs from human adult and cord blood progenitors and from hiPSCs. Gene expression during erythroid culture from each erythroblast source was analyzed using algorithms designed to cluster co-expressed genes in an unsupervised manner and the function of differentially expressed genes explored by gene ontology. Using these methods we identify specific patterns of gene regulation for adult- and cord- derived EBs, regardless of the medium used, that are substantially distinct from those observed during the differentiation of EBs from hiPSC progenitors which largely follows a pattern of primitive erythropoiesis.
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