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Accession IconGSE64500

Mediator Med23-deficiency Enhances Neural Differentiation of Embryonic Stem Cells through Modulating BMP Signaling

Organism Icon Mus musculus
Sample Icon 6 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array (mouse4302)

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Unraveling the mechanisms underlying early neural differentiation of ESCs is crucial to the cell-based therapies of neurodegenerate diseases. Neural fate acquisition is proposed to be controlled by a default mechanism, for which the molecular regulation is not well understood. In this study, we investigated the functional roles of Mediator Med23 in pluripotency and lineage commitment of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Unexpectedly we found that, despite the largely unchanged pluripotency and self-renewal of ESCs, Med23-depletion rendered the cells prone to neural differentiation in different differentiation assays. Knockdown of other Mediator subunit, Med1 or Med15, did not alter the neural differentiation of ESCs; and Med15 knockdown selectively inhibited endoderm differentiation, suggesting the specificity of cell fate control by distinctive Mediator subunits. Gene profiling revealed that Med23-depletion attenuated the BMP signaling in ESCs. Mechanistically, MED23 modulated Bmp4 expression by controlling the activity of ETS1 that is involved in the Bmp4 promoter-enhancer communication. Interestingly, Med23 knockdown in zebrafish embryos also enhanced the neural development at early embryogenesis, which could be reversible by coinjection of bmp4 mRNA. Taken together, our study reveals an intrinsic, restrictive role of MED23 in early neural development, thus providing new molecular insights for neural fate determination.
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