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Accession IconGSE6338

Gene expression analysis of Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma/Unspecified

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 60 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array (hgu133plus2)

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Peripheral T-cell lymphoma unspecified (PTCL/U), the most common form of PTCL, displays heterogeneous morphology and phenotype, poor response to treatment, and dismal prognosis. We demonstrate that PTCL/U shows a gene expression profile clearly distinct from that of normal T-cells. Comparison with the profiles of purified T-cell subpopulations [CD4+, CD8+, resting (HLA-DR-), and activated (HLA-DR+)] reveals that PTCLs/U are most closely related to activated peripheral T-lymphocytes, either CD4+ or CD8+. Interestingly, the global gene expression profile cannot be surrogated by routine CD4/CD8 immunohistochemistry. When compared with normal T-cells, PTCLs/U display deregulation of functional programs often involved in tumorigenesis (e.g. apoptosis, proliferation, cell adhesion, and matrix remodeling). Products of deregulated genes can be detected in PTCLs/U by immunohistochemistry with an ectopic, paraphysiologic or stromal location. Among others, PTCLs/U aberrantly express PDGFRA, a tyrosine-kinase receptor, whose deregulation is often related to a malignant phenotype. Notably, both phosphorylation of PDGFRA and sensitivity of cultured PTCL cells to imatinib (as well as to an inhibitor of histone-deacetylase) are found. These results, which might be extended to other rarer PTCL categories, are provided with implications for tumor pathogenesis and clinical management.
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