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Accession IconGSE54484

Identification of protein kinase C beta 2 regulated genes early in dendritic cell differentiation

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 11 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array (hgu133plus2)

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Dendritic cells (DC) arise from a diverse group of hematopoietic progenitors and have marked phenotypic and functional heterogeneity. We have found previously that activation of protein kinase C beta 2 (PRKCB2) by cytokines or phorbol esters drives normal human CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitors and myeloid leukemic blasts (KG1, K562 cell lines, and primary patient blasts) to differentiate into DC, but the genetic program triggered by PRKCB2 activation that results in DC differentiation is only beginning to be characterized. Of the cPKC isoforms, only PRKCB2 was consistently activated by DC differentiation-inducing stimuli in normal and leukemic progenitors. To examine early changes in gene expression following PRKCB2 activation, we employed the following cell lines: (1) the CD34(+) human acute myeloid leukemia derived cell line KG1, which undergoes DC differentiation following phorbol ester treatment; (2) KG1a, a spontaneously arising differentiation-resistant daughter cell line of KG1 that has lost PRKCB2 expression; (3) clones established from KG1a that stably express exogenous PRKCB2-GFP fusion proteins and are once again able to undergo DC differentiation (KG1a-PRKCB2-GFP Clone E9 and Clone E11). We examined changes in gene expression in these cells following treatment with the phorbol ester PMA (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate) for 2 hours. Since KG1 and KG1a differ in PRKCB2 expression but have similar expression of the other protein kinase C isoforms, this protocol will allow for the identification of genes regulated by PRKCB2 activation.
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