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Accession IconGSE51190

Transcriptional network analysis in muscle reveals AP-1 as a partner of PGC-1 in the regulation of the hypoxic gene program [microarray: kD_AP1]

Organism Icon Mus musculus
Sample Icon 7 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array (mogene10st), Illumina Genome Analyzer II

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Skeletal muscle tissue shows an extraordinary cellular plasticity, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still poorly understood. Here we use a combination of experimental and computational approaches to unravel the complex transcriptional network of muscle cell plasticity centered on the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor coactivator 1 (PGC-1), a regulatory nexus in endurance training adaptation. By integrating data on genome-wide binding of PGC-1 and gene expression upon PGC-1 over-expression with comprehensive computational prediction of transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs), we uncover a hitherto underestimated number of transcription factor partners involved in mediating PGC-1 action. In particular, principal component analysis of TFBSs at PGC-1 binding regions predicts that, besides the well-known role of the estrogen-related receptor (ERR), the activator protein-1 complex (AP-1) plays a major role in regulating the PGC-1-controlled gene program of hypoxia response. Our findings thus reveal the complex transcriptional network of muscle cell plasticity controlled by PGC-1.
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