Langerhans dendritic cells represent abundantly occuring and evolutionary highly conserved DCs specifically located in the stratified epithelial tissues. LCs are unique among DC family members in that they express epithelial-type adhesion molecules, allowing them to form a tight three-dimensional network in basal and suprabasal epidermal keratinocyte layers and developmentally dependent on the cytokine TGF-1. In the present study, we identified BMP-7 as another key factor inducing LC differnetiation. Here we have performed comparative analysis of highly purified CD207+/CD1a+ in vitro generated Langerhans cells in the presence of BMP-7 and TGF-1. We have identified that both BMP-7-LCs and TGF-1-LCs are closely related to each other.