Traditional rice varieties found in India have many desirable characteristics. Amongst them, their differential responses to abiotic and biotic stresses are of great agricultural importance. Drought or osmotic stress is one of the major abiotic stresses afflicting crop plants in India. Indigenous varieties like Dagad deshi have been found to be drought resistant and, thereby, are being studied in great detail by plant breeders and biotechnologists alike. In this study, we have analyzed the transciptomes of two contrasting cultivars, i.e. Dagad deshi (tolerant) and IR20 (susceptible), under control and stress conditions to elucidate the differences in their responses to drought stress using Affymetrix microarray platform.