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Accession IconGSE37964

Expression data from three human DLD-1-derived colon cancer cell lines

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 42 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array (hgu133plus2)

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The LEF/TCF family of transcription factors are downstream effectors of the WNT signaling pathway, which drives colon tumorigenesis. LEF/TCFs have a DNA sequence-specific HMG box that binds Wnt Response Elements (WREs). The E tail isoforms of TCFs are alternatively spliced to include a second DNA binding domain called the C-clamp. We show that induction of a dominant negative C-clamp version of TCF1 (dnTCF1E) induces a p21-dependent stall in the growth of DLD1 colon cancer cells. Induction of a C-clamp mutant did not induce p21 or stall cell growth. Microarray analysis revealed that induction of p21 by dnTCF1EWT correlated with a decrease in expression of p21 suppressors that act at multiple levels from transcription (SP5, YAP1, RUNX1), to RNA stability (MSI2), and protein stability (CUL4A). We show that the C-clamp is a sequence specific DNA binding domain that can make contacts with 5-RCCG-3 elements upstream or downstream of WREs. The C-clamp-RCCG interaction was critical for TCF1E mediated transcriptional control of p21-connected target gene promoters. Our results indicate that a WNT/p21 circuit is driven by C-clamp target gene selection.
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