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Accession IconGSE37136

Gene expression profiling of enforced HOXA1 expression in melanoma cell line

Organism Icon Homo sapiens
Sample Icon 4 Downloadable Samples
Technology Badge Icon Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array (hgu133plus2)

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We recently reported an oncogenomics-guided screening approach designed to identify genetic drivers of early stage melanoma metastasis, and in this study we functionally validate the top-scoring candidate, homeobox transcription factor A1 (HOXA1), by demonstrating HOXA1s robust effects on melanoma cell invasion, metastasis and tumorigenicity. Transcriptome and pathway profiling analyses of cells expressing HOXA1 reveal up-regulation of factors involved in diverse cytokine pathways that include the TGF signaling axis, which we further demonstrate to be required for HOXA1-mediated cell invasion. Transcriptome profiling also informed HOXA1s ability to potently down-regulate expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) and other genes required for melanocyte differentiation, suggesting a mechanism by which HOXA1 expression de-differentiates cells into a pro-invasive precursor cell state concomitant with TGF activation. Our analysis of publicly available datasets indicate that the HOXA1-induced gene signature successfully categorizes melanoma specimens based on their metastatic potential and, importantly, is capable of stratifying melanoma patient risk for metastasis based on expression in primary tumors.
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